# Machine Input-Output Problems ( Verbal Reasoning )

### Types of Problems

1. Shifting Problems
2. Arrangements Problems
3. Mathematical Problems
4. Miscellaneous Problems

## Input-Output

It is basically the arrangement of a data in a particular sequence to get a determined step.
Eg.
Input : car tiger dog umbrella owl apple
S1: apple car tiger dog umbrella owl
S2: apple car tiger dog umbrella owl
S3: apple car dog tiger umbrella owl
Q. If Input is '   amar akbar anthony 'then find out the Step I.
Sol:
S1: akbar amar anthony
the above example is based on shifting problems

### 1. Shifting Problems

In the shifting problems any possible steps can be determined could be possible in backward or forward order which is not possible in some other problems.the shifting can be of various types so conclude all such steps would not be possible.

### 2. Arrangement Problems

In such problems , To getting on a desire outcome or to find out a pre-determined step 'the sequence' of the data is matters a lot. In such cases or problems the previous step can never be determined.so we call that problems 'cannot be determined'.
Note :
Input  tom 41 19 rubber 92 88 31 wolf jam house 22 bus 72 apple
Step I : 92 tom 41 19 rubber 88 31 wolf jam house 22 72 apple bus
Step II: 92 88 tom 41 19 rubber 31 wolf jam 22 72 apple bus house
Step III: 92 88 72 tom 41 19 rubber 31 wolf 22 apple bus house jam
Step IV: 92 88 72 41 tom 19 31 wolf 22 apple bus house jam rubber
Step V: 92 88 72 41 31 19 wolf 22 apple bus house jam rubber tom
Step VI: 92 88 72 41 31 22 19  apple bus house jam rubber tom wolf
Step VI is the last step of the rearrangement.
Now, a set of words and letters is given below. As per the rules followed in above steps, answer the questions based on it.
Input  88 wonder slot 14 38 narrow bus important form 54 29 vow 64 97

Q1. Which is the last step of this input ?
(1) V (2) VI (3) VII (4) VIII (5) None of these

Q2. Which of the following is the Step III ?
(1) 97 88 64 wonder slot 14 38 narrow 54 29 vow bus form important
(2) 97 88 64 54 wonder slot 38 14 narrow 29 vow bus form important
(3) 97 88 64 54 wonder slot 14 38 narrow 29 vow bus form important
(4) 97 88 64 54 38 wonder slot 14 narrow 29 vow bus form important
(5) None of the above

Q3. Which step is ' 97 88 64 54 38 29 wonder 14 vow bus form important narrow slot ' ?
(1) step IV (2) Step V (3) Step III (4) Step VI (5) None of these

Q4. Which is third element to the right from the sixth element from the right end in Step II ?
(1) 38 (2) vow (3) 29 (4) form (5) wonder

Q5. How many elements are there between "wonder" and " vow" in Step IV ?
(1) 3 (2) 5 (3) 4 (4) 0 (5) 1

Q6. In Step V , if  '97' is related to 'slot' and '88' is related to 'narrow' , similarly 64 is related to which element ?
(1) important (2) form (3) bus (4) slot (5) None of these

### 3. Mathematical Problems

In such problem input is given in a numerical terms to find out the predetermined steps or a particular steps certain specific mathematical operations are need to be performed.

Input :  31 45 87 54 25 68

 Step 1 4 9 15 9 7 14 Step 2 3 20 56 20 10 48 Step 3 961 2025 7569 2916 625 4624 Step 4 29791 91125 658503 157464 15625 314432 Step 5 6.5 9 17.4 10.8 5 13.6 Step 6 4 9 6 9 7 5 Step 7 33 47 89 56 27 70 Step 8 26 40 82 49 20 63 Step 9 93 135 261 162 75 204 Step 10 8 18 30 18 14 28 Step 11 2 1 1 1 3 2 Step 12 9 81 225 81 100 196

Step 1: Digit sum of input.
Step 2. Product of the digits of input
Step 3. Square of the each number of the input
Step 4. Cube of the each number of the input
Step 5. Each number of the input is divided by 5
Step 6. Keep adding digits till they are converted into single digit
Step 7. Each number of the input + 2
Step 8. Each number of the input - 5
Step 9. Each number of the input * 3
Step 10. Digit's sum of each number of input * 2
Step 11. Difference between digits of  each number of the input
Step 12.  ( Digit sum of each number of input )2

### 4. Miscellaneous Problems

All those problems which does not contains any specific order sequence or logic or patterns which could be in any way those are defined in a miscellaneous category because there is no fixed pattern of question Infact, questions under this category come before you as a real surprise.

There is no fixed pattern in regard of statement. Statement under this category will come before you as a real surprise.Such question are complete mind game.
Input :  78 239 154 126 654
SI. 87 932 451 621 456
SII. 708 2039 1054 1026 6054
SIII. 87 392 541 261 546
SIV:  7 12 15 12 65
SV:  780 2390 1540 1260 6540
Step I.    Interchanged the first and last digit of the input.
Step II.   Fix the zero after the first digit of the given input
Step III. 1st digit becomes last in two-digit numbers while middle digit becomes the 1st digit in three-digit numbers
Step IV. Last digit of the given input is removed
Step V.   Just specify the zero at the end of the digit of the given input.

#### (Q 1-5)

Input  : mark, feet, snow, welfare, tender, lemon
Step I  : feet, mark, snow, tender, lemon, welfare
Step II : feet, lemon, mark, show, tender, welfare
Step III : 20, 14, 11, 23, 18, 5
Step IV : 5, 20, 14, 11, 18, 23
Step V : 5, 11, 14, 18, 20, 23

Q 1. If "Input : pen, paper, rock, size, equals , to " then the Step III will be ?
Q 2. What is the last step following the "Input : pen, paper, rock, size, equals , to "?
Q 3. What would be the last step if " Input : sample, iron, park, kid, school, serious "?
Q 4. What would be the last step if Step 2 will be " Step 2: free, guide, principal, teacher, salary, retired." instead of being " Step 2 : feet, lemon, mark, show, tender, welfare " ?
Q5. What would be the Step 2 if "Input : Assistant, Mercy, After, Work, Money, Manage, Office " ?

#### Q(6-10)

Input : typist, actor, environment, bench, table, mouse.
S1: actor, bench, environment, mouse, table, typist
S2: 20, 14, 22, 21, 2, 16
S3: 4, 25, 16, 9, 4, 256
S4: 2, 5, 4, 3, 2, 16
S5: 2, 10, 20, 12, 6, 32
Q 6. What would be the Step IV if the Step I is " indus, jackpot, lowland , moist , narrow" for the input : " typist, actor, environment, bench, table, mouse "?
Q 7. Find Step II for the following input.
Input  ' outgoing, calls, book, monitor, walk '
Q 8. Find step IV for the Q1.
Q 9. What will be the Step 1 for the following input ?
Input  stairs, sun, room, sound, travel
Q 10. If Step IV is ' 6, 3, 1, 5, 1 then find the input ?
Q 11.
Input : 68, waste, 84, keypad, 38, sun, 91, tower, 21, 13, axe
S1: axe, 68, waste, 84, keypad, 38, sun, tower, 21, 13, 91
S2: axe, keypad, 68, waste, 38, sun, tower, 21 , 13, 84, 91
S3: axe, keypad, sun , waste, 38, tower, 21, 13, 68, 84, 91
S4: axe, keypad, sun, tower, waste, 21, 13, 38, 68, 84, 91
S5: axe, keypad, sun, tower, waste, 13, 21, 38, 68, 84, 91
what would be the Step II  if the input is 68 fan 48 wire 21 congratulation
Q 12. Input crop, rise, 99, past, for, 90, at, 20, the, 55, numbers, 10, 81
S1: at, crop, rise, past, for, 20, the, 55, numbers, 10, 81, 90, 99
S2: at, crop, for, numbers, rise, past, the, 10, 20, 55, 81, 90, 99
S3: at, crop, for, numbers, past, rise, the, 10, 20, 55, 81, 90, 99
S4: 26, 24, 21, 13, 11, 9, 7, 10, 20, 55, 81, 90, 99
S5: 52, 48, 42, 26, 22, 18, 14, 20, 40, 110, 162, 180, 198
S6: 3, 4, 2, 4, 0, 7, 3, 2, 4, 0, 5, 7, 8
which will be the Last step for the following input ?

### Sol:

(1-2)
Input : pen, paper, rock, size, equals, to
S1 : equals, pen, paper, rock, size, to
S2 : equals, paper, pen, rock, size, to
S3 : 19, 18, 14, 11, 5, 15
S4 : 5, 18, 14, 11, 15, 19
S5 : 5, 11, 14, 15, 18, 19
(3)
Input : sample, iron, park, kid, school, serious
S1: iron, park, kid, sample, school, serious
S2: iron, kid, park, sample, school, serious
S3: 14, 4, 11, 5, 12, 19
S4: 4, 11, 5, 12, 14, 19
S5: 4, 5, 11, 12, 14, 19
(4)
S2: free, wife, principal, teacher, salary, retired
S3: 5, 5, 12, 18, 25, 4
S4: 4, 5, 5, 12, 18, 25
(5)
Input : assistant, mercy, after, work, money, manage, office
S1:  after, assistant, mercy, money, manage, office, work
S2: after, assistant, manage, mercy, money, office, work.
Sol:
(6)
Input : typist, actor, environment, bench, table, mouse.
Let
S1: indus, jackpot, lowland , moist , narrow
S2: 4, 3, 23, 9, 18
S3: 16, 9, 25, 81, 81
S4 ; 4, 3, 5, 9, 9
(7-8)
Input :  outgoing, calls, book, monitor, walk
S1: book, calls, monitor, outgoing, walk
S2: 15, 12, 14, 20, 12
S3: 36, 9, 25, 4, 9
S4: 6, 3, 5, 2, 3
(9-10)
Input  stairs, sun, room, sound, travel
S1: room , sound, stairs, sun, travel
S2: 15, 21, 1, 14, 1
S3: 36, 9, 1, 25, 1
S4: 6, 3, 1, 5, 1
(11)
Input 68 fan 48 wire 21 congratulation
S1: congratulation, fan , 48, wire, 21, 68
S2: congratulation , fan, wire , 21, 48, 68
(12)
Input : ultra, over, 12, order, each, 42, forest, 31, there, 88, win, 94, 14
S1: each, forest, ultra, over, 12, order, 42, 31, win, 14, 88, 94
S2: each, forest, order, over, ultra, 12, win, 14, 42, 31, 88, 94
S3: each, forest, order, over, ultra, win, 12, 14, 42, 31, 88, 94
S4: 22, 21, 12, 12, 6, 23, 12, 14, 42, 31, 88, 94
S5: 44, 42, 24, 24, 12, 46, 24, 28, 84, 62, 176, 188
S6: 0, 2, 2, 2, 1, 2, 2, 2, 6, 4, 4,6,7

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