Syllogism Solved Examples using Venn Diagrams

Syllogism
Directions : In these questions, two/three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II have been given. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from the commonly known facts and then decided which of the given conclusions logically follows
from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.5

1. Statements : Some shows are plays. Some plays are movies. No movie is a theater.
    Conclusion I: All movies are plays.
     Conclusion II: Some shows are definitely not theaters.
      (a) Only conclusion I is true
      (b) Only conclusion II is true
      (c) Both conclusion I and II are true
      (d) Either conclusion I or II is true
      (e) Neither conclusion I nor II is true

2. Statements : Some urns are jugs. All jugs are vessels. No vessel is a plate.
    Conclusion I: Some plates being jugs is a possibility.
     Conclusion II: All urns can never be plates.
      (a) Only conclusion I is true
      (b) Only conclusion II is true
      (c) Both conclusion I and II are true
      (d) Either conclusion I or II is true
      (e) Neither conclusion I nor II is true

3. Statements : All streets are paths. Some streets are roads. All roads are trails.
    Conclusion I: All trails being paths is a possibility.
    Conclusion II: Atleast some paths are roads.
      (a) Only conclusion I is true
      (b) Only conclusion II is true
      (c) Both conclusion I and II are true
      (d) Either conclusion I or II is true
      (e) Neither conclusion I nor II is true

4. Statements : Some logos are patents. All patents are copyrights. Some copyrights are trademarks. No copyright is goodwill.
    Conclusions:
     (a) At least some trademarks are patents.
     (b) Some patents are goodwill.
     (c) All trademarks being logos is a possibility.
     (d) No goodwill is a logo.
     (e) All logos are copyrights.

5. Statements : No text is a font. Some fonts are scripts. Some scripts are essays. All essays are chapters.
    Conclusions:
    (a) Some fonts are definitely not chapters.
    (b) No text is an essay.
    (c) All fonts are essays.
    (d) All texts being scripts is a possibility.
    (e) Atleast some chapters are texts.

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Answers 

1. (e)                                                                    
Syllogism

                                                             

I. Can't say                                                  II. Can't say
2. (b)                                                               
                              
Syllogism
     
                                           
3.
Syllogism

4.
Syllogism


5.
Syllogism


             


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