Short Reading Comprehension for SBI Clerk Exam

Ever since the dawn of civilization, persons in power have tried to control education . 
During the Christian Era, the ecclesiastics controlled the institution of education and diffused among the people the gospel of the Bible and religious teachings.
They taught the poor people to be meek and to earn their bread with the sweat of their brow. while the priests and the landlords. lived in luxury. During the Renaissance, education passed from the clutches of the priests into the hands of the prince. It became more secular. Thus, under the control of the monarch, education began to preach the infallibility of the monarch which meant that the king could do no wrong. With the advent of Industrial Revolution, education no longer remained the privilege of the baron class, but was thrown open to the new rich merchant class. The philosophy in vogue during this period was that of 'Laissez Faire --- restricting the function of the state to merely keeping law and order, while in actual practice the law of the jungle prevailed in the form of free competition and the survival of the fittest.

1. During the Christian Era, the institution of the education was controlled by
a. the monarchs
b. the secular leaders of the society
c. the common people
d. the church and the priests


2. During the Renaissance, education was controlled by 
a. the common people
b. the secular leaders of the society
c. the princes
d. the church and the priests


3. Under the control of monarch, education began to preach
a. that kings were gods
b. that the king was infallible
c. that the king, like common man could also do wrong
d. none of the above


4. With the advent of Industrial Revolution, education 
a. was the sole privilege of the baron class
b. was thrown open to the new rich merchant class
c. was free for the poor
d. none of the above


5. The philosophy of  'Laissez  Faire' stands for
a. joint control of the means of production by the state and private enterprise
b. individual freedom in the economic field
c. state control of the means of production
d. restricting the function of the state of merely keeping law and order

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