Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushal Yojana

Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushal Yojana

Introduction

Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushal Yojana (DDUGKY) is a skill development program under National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) to bring about an inclusive growth in rural areas


Aim

  • DDUGKY aims to place 75% trained people in guaranteed employment 

Target

  • Disadvantaged groups 
  • SC/ST comprises 50% 
  • Minority community constitute 15% 
  • Women constitute about 33% 
  • Focus on poor youth of rural J&K - HIMAYAT 
  • Regions affected by left wing extremism and North East – ROSHNI 
  • Targets about 5.5 crore (census 2011) potential workers in rural areas in the age group of 15 to 30 years 

Nodal Agency

  • Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 
  • Implemented through National Skill Development Corporation 
  • Comes under National Rural Livelihoods Mission 

Important Sectors focused by DDUGKY

Green sectors including

  • Renewable energy 
  • Waste management 
  • Floriculture 
  • Eco tourism 
  • Organic production 
  • Animal husbandry 

Grey sectors including

  • Manufacturing 
  • Transportation 
  • Furniture making 
  • Construction 
  • Metal art 
  • Wooden art 
  • Handlooms 

Service sector including

  • Telecom 
  • Healthcare 
  • Electrician 
  • Hotels 
  • Tailoring 

Strategies adopted in DDUGKY to train rural youth

  • Vocational Education 
  • Creating awareness 
  • Motivational training programs 
  • Sensitizing workshops 
  • Induction 
  • Orientation 
  • Evolving skill development models 
  • Residential training 
  • Short duration courses 
  • Long duration courses 
  • ICT usage 
  • Life skills improvement 
  • Sensitizing industries 
  • Creating more effective schemes 
  • New VTI establishment 
  • Training at cluster and block level 
  • Certification 
  • Assessment 
  • PPP mode in institutions 
  • Diversified courses 
  • Building a pool of trainers 
  • Practical training 
  • Technical training 
  • Placement assurance 

Key Benefits of DDUGKY

  • Bridges challenges like lack of formal education 
  • Develops marketable skills by funding training projects 
  • Provides placement to trained rural youth 
  • Retention of trained people 
  • Foreign placement 
  • Career progression 

Issues in DDUGKY

  • High level of school drop out rate 
  • Depletion of natural resources 
  • Eroding socio cultural heritage 
  • Emotional stress 
  • Lower educational levels 
  • Access to skill training 
  • Already employed in low skilled jobs 
  • Rural women stay unemployed during child birth
  • Economical stress 
  • Work safety and security is a concern for rural women at work place
  • Misguided development interventions 
  • Issues arise with the working hours of the rural population 

Conclusion

  • DDUGKY aims at expanding the scope of livelihoods available to the rural poor 
  • The scheme addresses the industry specific skill demand 
  • Special emphasis on developing skills for non farm sector to get job outside agriculture field in rural areas 
  • DDUGKY aims to promote entrepreneurship among the micro and cottage industries in the villages 
  • The scheme aims to develop rural India by developing a skilled workforce in the rural areas 
  • The scheme will also indirectly contribute to control the mass urbanization with the rural people migrating in large numbers to urban areas for a better standard of living 

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