Various Skill Development Schemes for Minorities


Introduction

GOI has introduced a slew of training programs to promote the village and cottage industries on a large scale. Some of the important village/cottage based skill development programs include


Project Handloom

  • Project handloom was established to promote handloom and domestic industries 
  • Highlights less use of electricity 
  • More focus on incentive schemes 
  • Niche market-based scheme 
  • NIFT to conduct R & D in handloom sector 
  • Estimated to create employment of over than 43 lakh 
  • Collaborating weavers with designers 
  • Reducing unfair trade practices 
  • Adoption of conventional techniques 

Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban Mission

  • Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban Mission includes skill development and economic developmental activities 
  • The mode of delivery preferred would be through PPP 
  • Funds shared on PPP basis 
  • Aims to protect rural habitat 
  • Mitigates the challenges of rural migration and 
  • Hyper-urbanization
  • Trains the rural youth on self-employable skills 

USTTAD

  • USSTAD scheme aims at upgrading the skills in crafts and arts for development 
  • The scheme is targeted only for minority communities 
  • The scheme is implemented by ministry of minority affairs 
  • The scheme envisages to preserve the traditional and ancestral crafts and arts 
  • Craftsmen are trained on these traditional skills 
  • Skill training is offered to artisans, weavers and craftsmen from minority communities 
  • The training is only for people already practising in the field or craftsmen 
  • No fresher training is offered in the scheme 

NAI MANZIL SCHEME

  • The scheme is implemented by ministry of minority affairs 
  • The main objective of the scheme is to generate employment to youth and extend loans for starting up new businesses 
  • All school drop outs and Madarasa students are eligible for training under this scheme 
  • Scheme covers people in the age group of 17 to 35 from all minority communities 
  • Bridge courses are provided to the trainees to get 10th and 12th certification on distance mode 
  • Trade basis skill training is also provided to the beneficiaries 
  • The training mainly covers courses in four main sectors including engineering, manufacturing, soft skills and services 
  • Avenues are open to continuing or pursue higher education and create employment opportunities in the formal sector 

Conclusion

  • These skill-based training programs are aimed at the uplift of the minority community youth 
  • The youth from minority communities will get into the formal sector through these skill training schemes 
  • GOI has introduced these scheme with a long-term goal of engaging minority youth in formal sector and creating an aversion among the youth to pursue terrorism or other illegal activities 
  • These schemes are considered vital from social perspective and creates employment opportunities for minority students 
  • Schemes like USTTAD aim to revive the traditional crafts and arts practised in the ancient Mughal rule 
  • In this manner, these skill training programs help to protect the ancient and traditional culture and heritage of India 
  • Overall, the above skill training programs help the rural youth to find new employment avenues in traditional ancient crafts, arts, trade, manufacturing and entrepreneurship 
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