Rules of Conjunction For Error Spotting: Part 3

1. As soon as/As long as:

As soon as: जैसे ही/वैसे ही
As long as: जब तक

"As soon as" is used in the meaning of "at the moment that." 
"As long as" is used in the meaning of "While."

In these types of sentence, we have two parts of a sentence.
i. Subordinate clause
ii. Main clause

Example
We can’t use "will" with "as soon as" (subordinating part) while we are talking about future because this is a condition and it can never be in the future tense.
We can’t use "than" with as soon as.

  • I’ll meet you as soon as I’ll arrive. (×) 
  • I’ll meet you as soon as I arrive. (√) 
  • As soon as the bell rang than the students rushed out of their classes. (×) 
  • As soon as the bell rang, the students rushed out of their classes. (√) 
  • You need not fear as soon as he is with you. (×) 
  • You need not fear as long as he is with you. (√) 
We can’t use "as long as' in the place of 'as soon as" because "as long as" has a different meaning in Hindi: जब तक

2. While/When:

The one similarity between these two words is that they are used for action but there is a little difference between these two words:

While:
i. When we have two continues actions, whether it is in the present or the past we will always use the word while.
  • The girls were dancing while the boys were singing. 
  • I was watching a movie while my mother was cooking food. 
When:
We will use this word when two actions already happened.
  • The girls danced when the boys sang. 
  • Hardly had I left the house when it began to rain. 
(Now we can also understand this rule easily why we use hardly….when)

iii. We can use "when" for the ages and periods of life.
When you will be sixteen, your father will send you Mumbai for higher studies.

Similarity:
When we have a single action before continues action we can use any one of these two words.
  • I reached there when/while she was watching T.V. 
(Note: when a continues action followed by a single action, then we can only use the word, when)
She was watching T.V. when I reached there.

3. If:

i. We can use if when we have an uncertainty in a statement/sentence
  • If we really set to we can get the whole house cleaned in the afternoon. 

ii. We can use if for conditional sentences
Whenever we start a sentence using if, we can’t use the immediate work in the future rather than it can be in the present and the past. 
A. Now when the conditional part of a sentence in the present then there is no rule for the result for example:
  • If you come to our website daily, we will provide you with some more important rules. 
B. Now when the conditional part of a sentence in the past perfect then we have to follow this important rule.
If: had+v3rd form / v2nd form
Result: 
would have+ v3rd form / would+v1st form
Could have+ v3rd form / could+v1st form
Might have+ v3rd form / might+v1st form

  • If he wrote the examination faster and had answered one more question he would have scored better. (×) 
  • If he had written the examination faster and had answered one more question he would have scored better. (√) 
  • If I had money, I would have sent to you. (×) 
  • If I had money, I would send to you. (√) 

4. It is time/it is high time:

When we see these two words in the beginning of a sentence we should remember that we must take these words as an imagination and the imagination will be always in the simple past.

Example
  • It is high time that we should leave this place. (×) 
  • It is high time that we left this place. (√) 
  • It is time you should start earn now. (×) 
  • It is time you started earning now. (√) 

5. Because/not because

i. We can’t use why and because in a single sentence. 
ii. "Because" is used for the main reason in a sentence.

Example
  • The reason why he was late was because he had been caught in the rain. (×) 
  • The reason why he was late was that he had been caught in the rain. (√) 
  • I went there not because they invited me but because I wanted to go there. (√) 
  • People like Mahesh look always cheerful not because of the peace of mind but merely because of successful gestures. (√) 

6. Between…..and

Between…..and(√) 
Between……..to (×)
We can see three types of error with this word in our exams 
i. We can’t use a subjective pronoun with this word.
ii. We can’t use this word with three or more than three persons/subject.
iii. We can’t use "to" with between.

Example
Rahul is sitting between you and I. (×)
Rahul is sitting between you and me. (√)
How many even numbers comes between 3 to 25. (×)
How many even numbers comes between 3 and 25. (√)

7. Both……..and

There are three types of error with this word
i. Both always followed by and.
ii. It can never be a negative sentence.
iii. It should always be plural.

Example
  • He won both a medal along with a scholarship. (×) 
  • He won both a medal and a scholarship. (√) 
  • Both answers is not right. (×) 
  • Both answers are right. (√) 

9. Too+adj……to+v1st form

It also has negative sense in it but when we see a sentence with a positive sense then we should use enough/very instead of too.

Example 
  • He is very weak a student to pass. (×) 
  • He is too weak a student to pass. (√) 
  • He is too strong to defeat him in bowling. (×) 
  • He is very strong to defeat him in bowling. (√) 

10. Suppose/if/in case/provided:

All these words have the same meaning in the English language so we can’t use any two words together in a sentence.

Example
Suppose if he smoked less he would get rid of a high cough. (×)
If he smoked less he would get rid of a high cough. (√)
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