Important Tribal Groups In India

STATE
NAME OF THE TRIBAL GROUP
EXTRA INFO
IMPORTANT FESTIVAL
Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Onge
Traditionally hunter-gatherers
 -
Andaman Islands
Jarawas
Very little is known about the Jarawas, apart from the fact that they use rafts, live in oval huts and are excellent swimmers.
Jarawas -means "the other people".
-
Andhra Pradesh, Orissa
Chenchus
one of the Primitive Tribal Groups that are still dependent on forests and do not cultivate land but hunt for a living
Nagula Chavitha
Arunachal Pradesh
Abors/ Adi
Spinsters wear a 'beyop ‘It is special type of ornament consisting of five to six brass plates rightly fixed under their petticoats
It becomes customary for the aged women of Abor tribes to wear yellow necklaces and spiral earrings
Solung
Arunachal Pradesh
Aptanis
The Indian tribe where the woman must have 'black nose plugs' fitted as rite of passage

Dree and Myoko
Birbhum region in Bengal, Hazaribagh, Purnea in Bihar, Orissa
Santal or Saontal
-
Baha Parab “flower festival,
Sohrai harvest festival
Himachal Pradesh
Gaddis
Gaddis belong to the class of the shepherds and their job is to look after goats and sheep
Basakhi / Bishu ,
Patroru Sagrand
Himachal Pradesh
(also in parts of Rajasthan, MP,J& K, Haryana ,Maharastra)
Gujjars
semi-nomadic tribes and their main occupation is herding of goats, sheep and buffaloes.
Celebrate all festivals of national significance
Jharkhand, Bihar, West Bengal and Orissa.
Kurukh / Oraon
 Efficient, particularly in tea garden works, 
Sarhul and Karma
Kerala


Urali
-Uraali Kurumas are an artisan tribe and their versatile skill in art and handicrafts are well known. They play flute and drum during festivals
-experts in creating household utensils using cane..
Onam, Vishu and Puthar
Madhya Pradesh
Baiga
-The Tiger is Worshipped by the Baiga Tribe that calls it “Jai Baghesur
-Practice endogamy.
-women expertise in body tattoos
- Baiga tribals became India’s first community to get habitat rights
Ras-Nawa
(means ceremonial eating of honey )
Madhya Pradesh(Bastar)
Murias
Traditionally they are economically homogenous and strive to work as a collective. They have mixed-sex dormitories where adolescents are sent to practice premarital sex, sometimes with a single partner and sometimes serially. They have an omnivorous diet, with liquor playing a key role in their society.
-
Madhya Pradesh. Also in Bihar, Orissa and A.P.
Gonds
During the British regime in India, Gonds challenged the Britishers in several battles. They also gained control over the Malwa after the decline of the Mughals followed by the Marathas in the year 1690.
Keslapur Jathra
Maharashtra
Warlis
The Warli people are famous for their beautiful and unique style of painting which reflects the close association between human communities and nature
Bhawada ,
Kali Puja 
Manipur
Kuki / Khongjois
-
Lawm Se' Neh
Meghalaya
Garo Tribes 
The Garos are one of the few remaining matrilineal societies in the world. The individuals take their clan titles from their mothers. Traditionally, the youngest daughter inherits the property from her mother. Sons leave the parents' house at puberty, and are trained in the village bachelor dormitory
Wangala (also known as Hundred Drums, Wanna, Wanna Rongchuwa) is a harvest festival celebrated
Meghalaya
Khasi people
Khasis follow the unique culture. The property of the Khasis is passed on from the mother to the youngest daughter. Music plays an important part in the life of Khasis.
After marriage the groom comes to live at the brides house.
Nongkrem ,
Shad Suk Mynsiem.
Mizoram
Lushai
Lushai tribes have developed expertise in swimming and hunting. That they are good archers are apparent from the fact that they can nicely handle 'Sairawkher'. It is a bow made locally that is discerned by its utility of clay shots instead of arrows.
Chapcharkut/ Mimkut /
Palkut
North West India.
(Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan )
Bhils (the bow men of Rajasthan)
They form the largest tribe of the whole South Asia
The name Bhil is mentioned in the great epic called Mahabharata and Ramayana. The Bhil women offered ber to Lord Rama, when he was wandering through the jungles of Dhandaka, searching Sita
Baneshwar fair
Sikkim
Lepchas or Rongkip
The lepcha hut is made up of bamboo just five feet above the ground
Tendong Lho Rum Faat
Sikkim, Darjeeling, Nepal and surrounding areas.
 bhutia 
-
-
Tamil Nadu ( Nilgiri Hills)
Badagas / Baduguru
Thundu (a white piece of cloth) forms an integral part of the attire of Badaga women and as a cultural item, is presented to visiting dignitaries as a gesture of good will.
Hethai Habba
TN (Nilgris)
Kotas, also Kothar or Kov
The Kotas are the only artisan tribe of the Nilgiris. They practiced pottery, blacksmithy, goldsmithy, tool making and carpentry. Interestingly, they were also musicians that performed at the ceremonies of the Todas and Badagas.(tribes)
Kambatrayar
Tripura
Chakmas / Daingnet people
The women are experts in weaving. They wear an ankle length cloth around the waist which is also called 'Phinon' and also a 'Khadi' wrapped above the waist as well as silver ornaments.
Bizu
Alphaloni
Buddha Purnima

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