New Pattern Error Spotting For IBPS PO: Part 7

 
Directions: In each of the following , four different ways of phrasing a sentence are indicated. Choose the most grammatically correct alternative from among the four.

Question 1:

(a)Stone memorials in Muli , built for each person who died in the battle , testifies to the folly and the moral integrity of that day.
(b) Stone memorials in Muli , built for each person who died in the battle , testify to the folly and the moral integrity of that day.
(c ) Stone memorials in Muli , built for each person who died in the battle , testify for the folly and the moral integrity of that day.
(d) Stone memorials in Muli , built for each person who died in the battle , testify the folly and the moral integrity of that day.

Question 2:

(a) David lost a few teeth through the brawl ; but he still seems able to chew his food easily.
(b) David lost a few teeth in the brawl ; since he still seems able to chew his food easily.
(c ) David lost a few teeth over the brawl ; since he still seems able to chew his food easily.
(d) David lost a few teeth in the brawl ; but he still seems able to chew his food easily.

Question 3:

(a)Even before being opened this week , the star trial has become a feast of conspiracy and deceit.
(b) Even before its opening this week , the star trial has become a feast of conspiracy and deceit.
(c) Though it opened this week ,even before this , the star trial has become a feast of conspiracy and deceit.
(d) While it was being opened this week , the star trial has become a feast of conspiracy and deceit.

Question 4:

(a) Her thesis was highly esteemed , and is now being prepared for publication.
(b) Her thesis was highly estimated , and would now be prepared for publication.
(c) Her thesis was highly esteemed , and was now being prepared for publication
(d) Her thesis was highly esteemed , and have now prepared for publication.

Question 5:

(a)Defining the right outcomes does expect a lot from employees ; but it is probably the only way to nurture self awareness and self reliance in your people
(b) Defining the right outcomes do expect a lot from employees ; but probably it is the only way to nurture self awareness and self reliance in your people
(c )In order to define the right outcomes , a lot from employees is expected ; but it probably is the one and only way to nurture self awareness and self reliance in your people.
(d)Defining the right outcomes comes from a lot of employees which shows that there is probably no better way to nurture self awareness and self reliance in your people.

Answers Wih Explanation

1) b
In (a) , there is subject – verb mismatch : memorials is plural so the verb should be testify. Testify for in (c) is a wrong usage. In ( d) , build is the incorrect form of the verb and testify is used here without a preposition. Only (b) gives us a grammatically correct sentence.  Hence (b)

2) d
Options (a) and (c ) are ruled out for making wrong use of the prepositions through and over. The conjugation ’ but’ is used to suggest a contrast. This is not conveyed by ‘ since’ : thus ruling out option (b).Hence (d)

3) b
(a) uses a wrong tense form – before being opened. (d) is also wrong because of the expression while it was being opened . (c) is verbose. Only (b) gives us a structurally correct sentence. Hence (b)

4) a
To estimate means to calculate the price of something. But the idea here is that her thesis was greatly admired by people. So ESTEEMED is the correct word. (c) has inconsistency in the time frame and (d) has a subject – verb mismatch. Hence ( a)

5) a
(b) has a subject – verb disagreement. (c ) is verbose and (d) completely distorts the meaning. Only (a) takes care of the subject – verb agreement and highlights the supposition. Hence (a)

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