Vocabulary From Economic Times: 15 July 2017

Vocabulary From Economic Times: 15 July 2017

1. Breakneck: ख़तरनाक

 Dangerously, extremely fast, high speed, lighting, whirlwind, dangerous, endangering, parlous
Example: Don't ride on breakneck speed.



2. Monomaniacal: किसी विशेष बात की झक/एकोन्माद

 A psychosis characterized by thoughts confined to one idea or group of ideas
Example: Such is the glow of this truly impressive progress, conducted in breakneck, monomaniacal speed, that the same ‘many of us’ may believe that the means to achieving such an end is worthwhile.

3. Perpetual: लगातार 

Sustained, uninterrupted, ceaseless, nonstop, unremitting
Example: This is just a sample of Liu’s criticism of a State in perpetual paranoia.

4. Paranoia: पागलपन

 Madness, insanity, lunacy, psychosis, mania, persecution, complex, obsession, delusions
Example: This is just a sample of Liu’s criticism of a State in perpetual paranoia.

5. Stifle: दबाना 

Clamp, depress, press, compress, squeeze, suffocate, choke
Example: To kill free speech is to insult human rights, to stifle human nature and to suppress truth.

6. Bartering: वस्तु विनिमय/ बांटना

 Exchange (goods or services) for other goods or services without using money; commodity exchange, trade, swap
Example: One, bartering freedom of speech, and the human dignity that comes with it, is not necessary to push progress.

7. Inanity: बेहूदा बात 

Lack of sense or meaning; silliness
Example: And two, we should be aware — and thankful — that for all its discontents and inanities involving censorship of the most banal things, for all its Irom Sharmilas and Vinayak Sens, Indian democracy has not made brutality its default position.

8. Banal: तुच्छ 

Insignificant, pinpoint, frivolous, measly, petty
Example: Censorship of the most banal things.

9. Dispensation: व्यवस्था 

A political, religious, or social system prevailing at a particular time; system, arrangement, order, regime, organization
Example: Nobel Prize-winning economist Amartya Sen’s views on politics in general, and on the ruling dispensation at the Centre, which is also the ruling dispensation in 13 states, are no secret.

10. Temerity: उतावलापन 

Excess confidence or boldness, audacity, impudence, nerve, brazenness, precipitance
Example: Outrage on social media over the temerity of a mere intellectual to question the authenticity and wisdom of popular choice in India has accompanied such views, as well.

11. Strut: अकड़

 Swagger, stiffness, intractability, rigidity, conceit
Example: Or was he merely strutting like the rooster who imagines his rousing call makes the sun rise in the morning?

12. Grist: लाभ 

Useful material, especially to support an argument; vantage, redound, boon, bulge
Example: He has once again given grist to the intolerance mill.

13. Exertion: तनाव

 The application of a force, influence, or quality; stress, tension, strain, voltage, tightness
Example: Nihalani’s exertions have brought to the government criticism on curtailment of freedom of expression and censorship.

14. Turf: मैदान 

An area or sphere of activity regarded as someone's personal territory
Example: Nihalani should, perhaps, stick to his usual turf, of guarding tender Indian morals from anatomical liberties on celluloid.

15. Anatomical: संरचनात्मक 

Structural
Example: Nihalani should, perhaps, stick to his usual turf, of guarding tender Indian morals from anatomical liberties on celluloid.

16. Tender: नाज़ुक 

Sensitive, friable, fragile, breakable, brittle, queasy
Example: Nihalani should, perhaps, stick to his usual turf, of guarding tender Indian morals from anatomical liberties on celluloid.

17. Scour: पुनर्मूल्यांकन 

Revaluation, reappraisal, reassessment
Example: Clearly, those scouring the reams of documents connected with the Panama Papers have Sherlockian instincts.

18. Ream: बीस जिस्ता कागज

 A large quantity of something, especially paper or writing
Example: Clearly, those scouring the reams of documents connected with the Panama Papers have Sherlockian instincts.

19. Purport: दावा करना 

Appear to be or do something, especially falsely; claim, file a claim, assert, put in
Example: Divining that a document handed in by the family of the Prime Minister of Pakistan purporting to be from 2006 could not possibly have been written in a font that became commercially available only the year after, is quintessential Holmes.

20. Divine: भांपना

 Discover (something) by guesswork or intuition; guess, make out, look through the reality of
Example: Divining that a document handed in by the family of the Prime Minister of Pakistan purporting to be from 2006 could not possibly have been written in a font that became commercially available only the year after, is quintessential Holmes.







Word of the Day

Sine qua non- A thing that is absolutely necessary.



Example: Depth knowledge is Sine qua non for teaching.
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