Vocabulary from Economic Times: 22 July 2017

1. Sprightly: आनंदपूर्ण 

(Especially of an old person) lively; full of energy; Joyful, gleeful, delightful, luxurious, happy
Example: I am awed by Indian Air Force (IAF) Marshal Arjan Singh, who still serves the nation at a sprightly 98.



2. Anonymity: गुमनामी

The condition of being anonymous
Example: The anonymity of big city life definitely has its advantages

3. Puerile: बचकाना 

Childishly silly and immature; childish, childly
Example: Since my grandson is thirty-three years of age, I do not find his puerile behaviour amusing.

4. Mercenary: भाड़े का / लोभी 

Primarily concerned with making money at the expense of ethics; money-oriented, grasping, greedy, avaricious
Example: Following his employer’s instructions, the mercenary killed the woman and her baby without a second thought.

5. Incalculable: अनगिनत

 Too great to be calculated or estimated; countless, innumerable, Incalculable, numberless
Example: Many TV channels seem to be totally unconcerned about the incalculable harm they impart by pitting one shouter against another only for the sake of TRPs.

6. Jingoism: अंधराष्ट्रीयता 

Extreme patriotism, especially in the form of aggressive or warlike foreign policy; chauvinism
Example: When jingoism takes over and some veterans get involved, the effect is opposite and damaging.

7. Wart: मसा

An undesirable or disfiguring feature,
Example: A nationalist blindly worships his country, and does not see warts.

8. Blemish: दोष 

A moral defect; blame, defect, flaw, fault, imperfection
Example: A patriot acknowledges the warts and still worships his country while working towards removing the blemishes.

9. Yearn: इच्छा करना 

Be filled with compassion or warm feeling; desiderate
Example: But somewhere deep inside, he yearned to do more.

10. Facet: पहलू 

Aspect, side, dimension, phase, flank
Example: The programme creatively bundled various facets to create a strong employee volunteering programme.

11. Neonatal: नवजात 

Relating to new born children (or other mammals)
Example: Over 40% of these deaths occur in the neonatal period: the first 28 days after delivery.

12. Conduit: नाली 

A person or organization that acts as a channel for the transmission of something; aqueduct, coulisse, waste-pipe
Example: Can a mobile phone be used as a conduit for people to absorb relevant information, build conviction and change mindsets?

13. Congenial: अनुकूल 

Suited, favorable, compatible, congruent, congenial, propitious
Example: Each HUL factory works out a congenial schedule that enables volunteering factory workers to set aside some time to act as Swachhata Doots.

14. Disseminate: प्रसारित करना

Spread (something, especially information) widely Radiate, broadcast, diffuse, deploy, unfurl
Example: Health authorities should foster good practice by disseminating information.

15. Tandem: मिलकर 

Alongside each other; together
Example: The local, state and central governments must work in tandem.

16. Riparian: तटवर्ती 

Onshore, coastal, circumlittoral, in shore, inshore
Example: The flow required to preserve Ganga’s biodiversity must be determined, and water entitlements apportioned among the riparian states, covering hydroelectric projects on the 400-km stretch in Uttarakhand, whose profusion has depressed the river’s flow.

17. Apportion: बांटना 

Divide up and share out; dispense, divide, distribute, give, dole
Example: The flow required to preserve Ganga’s biodiversity must be determined, and water entitlements apportioned among the riparian states, covering hydroelectric projects on the 400-km stretch in Uttarakhand, whose profusion has depressed the river’s flow.

18. Profusion: प्रचुरता 

An abundance or large quantity of something; abundance, sufficiency, plenty, richness, luxuriance
Example: He did not apportion blame or liability to any one individual

19. Quiescence: निष्क्रियता 

Inactivity, inaction, indolence, idling
Example: The resort community's social scene is lively during the summer but undergoes a deep quiescence during the long winter.

20. Curmudgeon: कंजूस 

A bad-tempered or surly person; miserly, chary, churlish, costive
Example: What a selfish old curmudgeon he had been, always thinking of himself and his own likes and dislikes!
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