Vocabulary from Economic Times: 27 July 2017

Rift: अनबन 

A crack, split, or break in something
Example: The rift between Nitish Kumar and Lalu Prasad Yadav has been deepening for a while now.



Intransigence: हठ 

Refusal to change one's views or to agree about something
Example: Lalu’s intransigence with regard to his son Tejashwi Yadav’s continuation in the state cabinet as deputy chief minister is the ostensible reason for the Bihar chief minister to suddenly announce his resignation on Wednesday.

Ostensible: प्रत्यक्ष 

Stated or appearing to be true, but not necessarily so; apparent
Example: The ostensible reason for the break- up may be corruption and Kumar’s wish to position himself as a man who not only fights it, but keeps his distance from it.

Emissary: दूत 

 A person sent as a diplomatic representative on a special mission; envoy
Example: One version has it that Ghulam Nabi Azad, as Sonia Gandhi’s emissary to the Bihar CM, had invited Nitish for the meeting.

Aspirational: आकांक्षा 

Having or characterized by aspirations to achieve social prestige and material success
Example: There has been a consolidation of support from the aspirational middle classes and the youth, cutting across castes.

Heft: असर 

 Ability or influence
Example: They lacked the political heft to get the formulation banned.

Proliferation: प्रसार 

Rapid increase in the number or amount of something; growth, spread
Example: From the late 1990s, there was a rapid proliferation of the RSS schools (shishu mandirs) across rural Bihar.

Formidable: विकट/ दहला देने वाला

Inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large, powerful, intense, or capable; daunting, alarming
Example: These members went on to become formidable BJP cadres during elections.

Hustings: चुनावपूर्व की राजनैतिक गतिविधियाँ

 The campaigning associated with an election
Example: The campaigning associated with an election.

Foregone: पूर्व निश्चित 

Bygone, gone, by past, departed
Example: The election outcome is a forgone conclusion.

Impend: निकट होना 

Be about to happen; imminent, at hand, close, near
Example: Nitish Kumar might be thinking that the impending alliance with the BJP would be electorally fruitful.

Lachrymose: शोकपूर्ण 

Tearful or given to weeping; crying
Example: It was lachrymose response of losing candidate.

Lure:लुभाना 

Tempt (a person or animal) to do something or to go somewhere, especially by offering some form of reward; entice, attract, induce, coax
Example: The biggest gainer from Kumar’s resignation is the BJP, which has made no secret of its desire to lure Nitish out of the anti-BJP grand alliance.

Engender: जन्म देना 

Cause or give rise to (a feeling, situation, or condition); produce, create, generate, arouse
Example: Poverty engenders crime.

Cynicism: निराशावाद 

An inclination to believe that people are motivated purely by self-interest; scepticism, doubt, distrust, mistrust
Example: Brain health and cynicism may be linked, according to a new study.

Explicitly: स्पष्टता से 

In a clear and detailed manner, leaving no room for confusion or doubt
Example: We were explicitly forbidden to enter the military area.

Mythical: काल्पनिक

Imaginary, fictitious, make-believe, fantasy
Example: It also marks a huge blow for the prospects for that mythical entity: a combined opposition.

Cohabitation: साथ रहना 

The state of living together
Example: The fact of the matter is that the Nitish-Lalu model of cohabitation was becoming increasingly untenable.

Untenable: असमर्थनीय

Indefensible, undefendable, unarguable, insupportable
Example: The fact of the matter is that the Nitish-Lalu model of cohabitation was becoming increasingly untenable.

Wreak: बदला लेना 

Revenge
Example: The soldiers wreaked havoc on the enemy.
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