Vocabulary from Economic Times: 11 August 2017

Competence: सक्षम 

Having the necessary ability, knowledge, or skill to do something successfully; capable, able
Example: This court is not competent to hear and decide this matter.

Hostage: बंधक 

A person seized or held as security for the fulfilment of a condition; captive, prisoner, detainee, internee
Example: They were held hostage by armed rebels.

Contingent: आकस्मिक 

Subject to chance; accidental, chance, unforeseen, unexpected
Example: They had to plan for contingent expenses.

Pertinent: प्रासंगिक/उपयुक्त 

Relevant or applicable to a particular matter; apposite, to the point, suitable, appropriate
Example: The teacher asked the students to ask pertinent questions.

Sterling: उत्कृष्ट 

(Of a person or their work or qualities) excellent or valuable; excellent, first-rate, outstanding, exceptional
Example: This organization does sterling work for youngsters.

Grudge: देने में हिचकिचाना 

Be resentfully unwilling to give or allow (something)
Example: She grudged in lending her notes to her classmates.

Genealogy: वंशावली 

A line of descent traced continuously from an ancestor; pedigree, ancestry, descent, lineage
Example: Man is said to be the genealogy of monkey.

Acquisition: प्राप्ति 

The buying or obtaining of assets or objects; obtaining, acquiring, gaining, procuring
Example: Acquisition of language is innate in a child.

Assimilation: आत्मसात 

The absorption and integration of people, ideas, or culture into a wider society or culture
Example: Assimilation of the concepts is important for students.

Defiance: अवज्ञा 

Open resistance; bold disobedience
Example: The staff is on strike in defiance of the late payment of bonus.

Snarl: कर्कश स्वर में बोलना 

(Of a person) say something in an angry, bad-tempered voice; bark, snap, growl, fling, hurl
Example: I used to snarl at anyone I disliked.

Escalation: वृद्धि 

A rapid increase; a rise, hike, advance
Example: Eating of very salty food caused an escalation in his blood pressure.

Tarmac: पक्की सड़क 

Material used for surfacing roads or other outdoor areas, consisting of broken stone mixed with tar
Example: A tarmac road.

Squat: पालथी मारना 

Crouch or sit with one's knees bent and one's heels close to or touching one's buttocks or the back of one's thighs
Example: I squatted down in front of him.

Ominous: अपशगुन 

Giving the worrying impression that something bad is going to happen; threateningly inauspicious, menacing
Example: Those black clouds are a bit ominous.

Doctrine: सिद्धांत 

a belief or set of beliefs held and taught by a Church, political party, or other group; creed, credo
Example: President Barack Obama opened up about his so-called "Obama Doctrine," the overarching principle that guides his foreign policy.

Rogue: आवारा/बदमाश 

A dishonest or unprincipled man; scoundrel, villain, reprobate
Example: Stop terrorism, India and Afghanistan told rogue neighbour Pakistan.

Revisionist: संशोधनवादी 

A supporter of a policy of revision or modification
Example: The revisionists who sought to replace it were long denied.

Complicate: उलझाना 

Make (something) more complicated; make complex
Example: There was a new development that complicated the matter.

Pushback: पीछे धकेलना 

A negative or unfavourable reaction or response
Example: We got some pushback on the new pricing.
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