Vocabulary from Economic Times: 3 August 2017

1. Hobble: बंधन/ अटकाना 

Restrict the activity or development of; bond, restriction, truss, nexus, shackle
Example: The economy was hobbled by rising oil prices. 

2. Retrenchment: छंटनी 

Reduction in the extent or quantity of something
Example:  The retrenchment of investment demand.

3. Fret: झल्लाहट 

Be constantly or visibly anxious; worry, be anxious, feel uneasy, be distressed
Example:  She fretted about the cost of groceries.

4. Sheen: चमक 

A soft lustre on a surface; shine, gleam, patina, gloss
Example:Fixed deposits in banks and administered savings schemes such as the Public Provident Fund (PPF) are losing their sheen.

5. Raison d'être/ raison dêtre: 

अस्तित्व का कारण/ उद्देश्य The most important reason or purpose for someone or something's existence
Example:  The Financial Sector Legislative Reforms Commission had posited consumer protection as the raison d'être of financial regulation.

6. Posit: मंज़ूर करना/ मानना 

Put forward as fact or as a basis for argument; validate, condescend, propound
Example:  The Financial Sector Legislative Reforms Commission had posited consumer protection as the raison d'être of financial regulation.

7. Adjudication: निर्णय करना 

The action or process of adjudicating; arbitration, refereeing, umpiring
Example:  Its suggestion to offer a simplified resolution process through mediation and light touch adjudication when parties are unable to reach a settlement makes sense.

8. Suffice: पर्याप्त होना 

Be enough or adequate
Example:  A performance review of the FRA will not suffice.

9. Con: धोखा देना 

Persuade (someone) to do or believe something by lying to them
Example:  the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) set up in 2010 has returned nearly $12 billion to 27 million consumers who were conned by financial services firms engaging in illegal practices.

10. Dire: भीषण 

Extremely serious or urgent; terrible, dreadful
Example:  India direly needs a robust FRA to look out for ordinary consumers.

11. Encapsulate: संपुटित करना 

Enclose (something) in or as if in a capsule; encase
Example:  India needs nothingburger-equivalent to encapsulate certain current events.

12. Penchant: विशेष रुचि 

A strong or habitual liking for something or tendency to do something
Example:  She has a penchant for buying party gowns.

13. Allusion: उल्लेख/ संकेत 

An expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference; mention of, reference of
Example:  This cross-border shelling is an allusion of war.

14. Regurgitate: भोजन का उगलना 

Bring (swallowed food) up again to the mouth; vomit, disgorge
Example:  We have seen cows and buffaloes regurgitating while sitting leisurely.

15. Succinct: संक्षिप्त 

(Especially of something written or spoken) briefly and clearly expressed; short, brief, concise, compact
Example:  His story was full of suspense, short and succinct.

16. Dough: साना हुआ आटा 

A thick, malleable mixture of flour and liquid, used for baking into bread or pastry
Example:  He poured a little water in the atta to make a dough. 

17. Aficionado: विशेषज्ञ/भक्त 

A person who is very knowledgeable and enthusiastic about an activity, subject, or pastime; expert, devotee, specialist, pundit
Example:  A good news for chocolate aficionados, a new study has suggested that chocolate could be good for heart.

18. Evocative: याद ताज़ा करने वाला 

Bringing strong images, memories, or feelings to mind; reminiscent, suggestive, redolent
Example:  The evocative images of my previous tour.

19. Vedanta: वेदान्त 

A Hindu philosophy based on the doctrine of the Upanishads, especially in its monistic form
Example:  Vedanta is a spiritual tradition explained in the Upanishads that is concerned with the self-realisation.

20. Theism: आस्तिकवाद

Belief in the existence of a god or gods, specifically of a creator who intervenes in the universe  
Example:  Vedanta is about neither theism nor atheism.

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