Complete List of Important Inventions-PDF

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INVENTIONSINVENTORYEARCOUNTRY
Printing PressJohannes Gutenberg1440Germany
Pocket WatchPeter Henlein1510Germany
MicroscopeZacharis Janssen1590Netherlands
Logarithms, Napier Bones & decimal pointJohn Napier1590sScotland
Automatic CalculatorWilhelm Schickard1623Germany
Adding MachineBlaise Pascal1642France
BarometerEvangelista Torricelli1643Italy
Air PumpOtto Von Guericke1650Germany
BacteriaAntonie Van Leeuwenhoek1665Netherlands
Pendulum ClockChristian Huygens1657Netherlands
Gravity & Reflecting telescopeIsaac Newton1668England
ClarinetJohann Christoph Denner1690Germany
Steam EngineThomas Savery1698UK
PianoBartolomeo Cristofori1700Italy
Centigrade ScaleAnders Celsius1742Sweden
ElectroscopeJean Nollet1748France
Lightning ConductorBenjamin Franklin1752USA
HydrogenHenry Cavendish1766England
ChlorineKarl Wilhelm Scheele1774Sweden
Ship (Steam)J.C Perier1775France
OxygenAntoine Laurent Lavoisier1775France
SubmarineDavid Bushnell1776USA
Hot Air BalloonJosef & Etienne Montgolfier1783France
TungstenJuan José Elhuyar Lubize & Fausto de Elhuyar1783Spain
Bifocal LensBenjamin Franklin1784USA
ParachuteJean Pierre Blanchard1785France
Steam BoatJohn Fitch1786USA
GuillotinDr. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin1790sFrance
Watch (Self Winding)Abraham-Louis Breguet1791France
Milling machine & cotton ginEli Whitney1793USA
Small Pox VaccineEdward Jenner1796England
Vaccination
Electric BatteryVolta1800Italian
LocomotiveRichard Trevithick1804England
StethoscopeRene Laennec1816France
Dental PlateAnthony A.Plantson1817USA
CadmiumFriedrich Stromeyer1817Germany
CementJoseph Aspdin1824England
ElectromagnetWilliam Sturgeon1824England
Photography (on metal)Joseph Nicéphore Niepce1826France
BrailleLouis Braille1829France
Electromagnetic InductionMichael Faraday1831UK
Electric Generator
RevolverSamuel Colt1835USA
Photography (on paper)W. H. Fox Talbot1835England
TelegraphWilliam Cook & Charles Wheatstone1837England
Telegraph codeSamuel Morse1837USA
OzoneChristian Schonbein1839Germany
TypewriterPeter Mitterhofer1841Austria
Transformer (Induction coil)William Stanley .Jr1842US
SaxophoneAdolphe Sax1846Belgium
Sewing MachineElias Howe1846USA
MotorcycleEdward Butler1848England
BulletClaude Minie1849France
Safety PinWilliam Hunt1849US
Burglar AlarmEdwin T. Holmes1851US
RefrigeratorJames Harrison1851Australia
ElevatorElisha G. Otis1852USA
Steam-Powered AirshipHenri Giffard1852France
Light BulbHeinrich Goebel1854Germany
GeneratorPiciontti1860Italy
Machine GunRichard Gaffing1861USA
TypewriterPeter Mitterhofer1864Austria
AntisepticDr. Joseph Lister1867England
DynamiteAlfred B. Nobel1867Sweden
HeliumWilliam Ramsay1868Great Britain
Vacuum CleanerIves McGuffey1869USA
Electric Motor (DC)Zenobe Gramme1873Belgium
Barbed WireJoseph F. Glidden1873US
TelephoneGraham Bell1874Canada
MicrophoneAlexander Graham Bell1876US
CarburetorGottlieb Daimler1876Germany
PhonographThomas Edison1877USA
Welder (Electric Welding)Elisha Thompson1877US
GramophoneThomas Edison1878USA
Cash RegisterJames Ritty1879USA
Arc LampC. F. Brush1879Ohio
Electric LampThomas Alva Edison1879USA
Electromagnetic theory of light & electromagnetic waves, Radio and electrical frequencies (Hz)Heinrich Rudolph Hertz1880Germany
AC motor and transformer, vacuum tube amplifier, Tesla coil, X-Ray technologyNikola Tesla1880sUSA
Electric FanWheeler1882USA
Fountain PenLewis Edson Waterman1884USA
FluorineFerdinand Frederick Henri Moissan1886France
Ball Point PenJohn Loud1888USA
Bicycle TyresJohn Boyd Dunlop1888Scotland
Photography (on film)John Carbutt1888US
Time RecorderHarlow Bundy1890USA
AnimationEmile Reynaud1892France
CinemaLumiere brothers1894France
ArgonWilliam Ramsay & Baron Ray Leigh1894UK
RadioGuglielmo Marconi1894Italy
Ship (Turbine)Charles Parsons1894England
Diesel EngineRudolf Diesel1895Germany
X-rayWilhelm Conrad Roentgen1895Germany
Electric stove/cookerWilliam S. Hadaway1896USA
AspirinDr. Felix Hoffman1899Germany
CellophaneI.E. Brandenberger1900Switzerland
Tractor (Caterpillar)Benjamin Holt1900US
Disc BrakeDr. F. Lanchester1902England
Windshield wipersMary Anderson1903USA
AirplanesWilber and Orville Wright1903USA
SiliconesF.S Kipping1904England
BakeliteH. Backcland1907Belgium/US
GyrocompassElmer A. Sperry1908U.S
Vitamin AElmer V. McCollum & M. Davis1913USA
Air ConditionerWillis Carrier1914USA
Neon LampGeorges Claude1915France
Vitamin BElmer V. McCollum1916US
Motor ScooterGreville Bradshaw1919England
Vitamin CAlbert Szent-Györgyi & Charles Glen King1920USA
Vitamin DEdward Mellanby1920USA
Band AidEarle Dickson1920USA
CrescographJagadish Chandra Bose1920sIndia
InsulinFrederick Banting & Charles H. Best1921Canada
RadarDr. Albert H. Taylor & Leo C. Young1922US
Vitamin EHerbert McLean Evans1922USA
Film (Musical)Warner Bros1923US
Adhesive tapeRichard G. Drew1923USA
Loud SpeakerChester W. Rice and Edward W. Kellogg1924US
Film (Talking)Warner Bros1926US
Rocket EngineRobert H. Goddard1926USA
PenicillinAlexander Fleming1928England
Xerox MachineChester Carlson1928USA
Car RadioWilliam Lear & Elmer Wavering1929US
Vitamin KHenrik Dam & Edward Adelbert Doisy1929Denmark & USA
Richter ScaleCharles Richter1935USA
Jet EngineHans Von Ohain1936Germany
Microscope(Electron)Vladimir Kosme Sworykin1939Russia
HelicopterIgor Sikorsky1939Russia
Atom BombJulius Robert Oppenheimer1945USA
Microwave OvenPercy Spencer1947USA
TransistorsJohn Bardeen, William Shockley & Walter Brattain1948US
PacemakerDr. Paul Zoll1952USA
Electronic CalculatorIBM1954USA
HovercraftChristopher Cockerell1959England
LaserDr. Charles H. Townes1960US
Soft Contact lensesOtto Wichterle1961Czech
SynthesizerDr. Robert Arthur Moog1964USA

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