Mountains and Hills in India

Mountains and Hills in India

Highest mountain in India Kanchenjunga
The Highest peak in Aravallis Guru Sikhar
Oldest Mountain range in India Aravallis
Highest peak in Western Ghats Anamudi
Highest peak in Eastern Ghats Jindhagadha Peak
Mountains that divide Northern India from Deccan Plateau Vindhyas
Kanchenjunga is the third highest Mountain in the world. First two highest mountains in the world
1. Mount Everest- 8,848 mts
2. K2 also known as Godwin Austin- 8,611 mts
3. Kanchenjunga- 8,586 mts
  • Guru Shikhar is located in near Mt. Abu in Rajasthan
  • Meaning of Aravallis- Line of peaks
  • Jindhagadha Peak is located in Andhra Pradesh. It has the height of 1,690 mts

Hill Ranges in India and their locations:

Name of the Hill range Present in states
Aravallis Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana
Vindhyas Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh
Eastern Ghats Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal
Western Ghats Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra
Nilgiri Hills Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka
Palani Hills Tamil Nadu
Garo Hills, Kasi Hills and Jaintia Hills Meghalaya
Anaimalai Hills Kerala and Tamil Nadu
Cardamom Hills Kerala and Tamil Nadu

Important Passes in India:

Name of the Pass Located in Pass connects
Shipki La Himachal Pradesh Simla with Tibet
Rohtang Pass Himachal Pradesh Manali and Lahul
Bhor Ghat pass Maharashtra Mumbai and Pune
Thal Ghat pass Maharashtra Nasik and Mumbai
Pal Ghat Tamil Nadu Kerala with Tamil Nadu
Nathula pass Sikkim Sikkim and Tibet

Important hill stations of India:

Name of the hill station Located in Present in
Kodaikanal Palani Hills Tamilnadu
Manali Kullu Valley Himachal Pradesh
Mussoorie Garhwal Hills Uttarakhand
Ooty Nilgiri Hills Tamilnadu
Lonavla Sahyadri Hills Maharashtra
Nainital Kumaon Hills Uttarakhand
Darjeeling Lesser Himalayas West Bengal
Dalhousie Dhauladhar range Himachal Pradesh
  • Ooty is also known as Udagamandalam
  • In Tamil, Kodaikanal means The Gift of the forest.

Important Mountain ranges in Himalayas:

The Main Himalayan Ranges are:

Pir Panjal Range

  • located in Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir
  • Pir Panjal is the largest range of the lower Himalayas.
  • Important passes in this range- Pir Panjal pass, Banihal pass

DhaulaDhar Range

  • It is located in lesser Himalayas

Zanskar Range

  • It is located in the state of Jammu and Kashmir and Uttarakhand

Ladakh Range

  • It is a part of Karakoram Mountain.


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