Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls - SABLA

Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls

Introduction:

  • SABLA is a scheme for the empowerment of teenage and young girls was launched under the Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG) 
  • It was launched on the 1st April 2011, International day of women. 
  • In the year 2018, it is extended with an aim to expand and make it applicable in whole India. 
  • This scheme is managed by the ministry of women and child development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi. 

Background of SABLA Scheme:

  • Scheme for Adolescent was first announced in the year 2010 by the central government of India. 
  • It was first implemented in 200 districts in the tear 2011 and then further 303 districts were added in the year 2017 to expand this scheme. 
  • Now, in the 2018 Central government aims to make this scheme universalize by expanding it in the remaining districts. 
  • Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG) was merged with two schemes i.e. Kishori Shakti Yojana (KSY) and integrated child development service scheme (ICDS). 

Objective:

  • To facilitate self-development and empowerment of young girls, 
  • To improve their nutrition, nourishment and health status; 
  • To spread awareness about health, hygiene, nutrition, Adolescent, Reproductive and Sexual Health (ARSH), and family and childcare 
  • To improve their home skills, life skills and vocational skills 
  • To inform and guide to current government services like PHC, CHC, Post Office, Bank, Police Station, etc. 

List of Government Schemes in India 2017 - PDF

Target Group:

  • The scheme will cover all the adolescent girls in the age group of 11 to 18 years in 202 districts initially. 
  • The scheme has further divided the age group of 11 to 14 years and 14 to 18 years keeping in view the need for a different age group and to give proper attention to each group. 
  • The scheme will focus on all out of school adolescent girls, who would assemble at the Anganwadi Centres directed by the central government. 
  • The school going girls also frequently visit Anganwadi Centres where they will receive living skills, education, nourishment tips and awareness of socio-legal issues. 

Services provided under this scheme

This scheme provides two types of services that are nutrition segment and non-nutrition segment. 

1) Nutrition Segment

  • Take ration or hot cooked meal to home. 
  • 11 to 14 years: out of school girls 
  • 14 to 18 years: out of school girls and on-going school girls. 

2) Non-nutrition segment.

Out of school adolescent girls 

11 to 18 years

  • Iron and Folic Acid (IFA) supplementation 
  • Health check‐up and Referral services, 
  • Nutrition & Health Education (NHE), 
  • Counselling / Guidance on family welfare, adolescent reproductive and sexual health (ARSH), childcare practices 
  • Life Skill Education and accessing public services 

16 to 18 years

  • Vocational training under National Skill Development Program 

On-going school adolescent girls

  • 11 to 18 years 
  • Nutrition & Health Education (NHE), 
  • Counselling / Guidance on family welfare, ARSH, child care practices 
  • Life Skill Education and accessing public services 

Funding model

  • SABLA Scheme is sponsored by the central government so the centre will give 100 percent finance for all inputs to the state government and union territory. 
  • But the centre will give up to 50 percent in nutrition segment or the real cost incurred which one is minimum. 

Monitoring Mechanism

  • Monitoring Mechanism set up under the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme which is also used for the SABLA Scheme. 
  • Performance of SABLA scheme is analysed on a quarterly basis to know the progress and any loophole if sustain. 
  • The supervision committee is set up at village and block level, Districts level, state level and at the national level. 
  • A committee will check the progress of the scheme and try to establish the coordination and concurrence between concerned departments. 
  • The field visit is taken to ensure effective implementation of the scheme and the defined gaps are filled by taking corrective and proper measures. 

Modalities of SABLA Scheme

1) Formation of Kishori samooh

  • Kishori samooh would be of an age group of 15 to 25 years girls in the village and it is formed only when if in a village there are less than 7 Anganwadi centres. 

2) Training Kit

  • A training kit is provided to each Anganwadi Centres to know and learn health, education, nutrition and social and legal issues. A cost of this training kit is Rs 10000 and it includes various games and activities. 

3) To celebrate Kishori Diwas

  • Kishori Diwas is celebrated on every third month decided by the central government for the better implementation and coordination of the scheme. 

4) Kishori card

  • A Kishori card is given to each Adolescent girls and it is managed by the Anganwadi centres. 
  • It contains information about height, weight, body mass index, Iron Folic Acid, supplementation, referrals and services taken under SABLA. 


Smart Prep Kit for Banking Exams by Ramandeep Singh - Download here


Join 40,000+ readers and get free notes in your email

0 comments:

Post a Comment

Thanks for commenting. It's very difficult to answer every query here, it's better to post your query on IBPSToday.com