- A census of population is the total process
- Analysing and Publishing
- Demographic, Economic and Social Data, at a specific time to all person in a country.
Population Census 2011 (Important Facts to Remember)
- CM Chandramauli was the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India for the 2011 Indian Census
- The motto of the census was 'Our Census, Our future'
- This census faced big challenges considering India's vast area and diversity of cultures and opposition from the manpower involved.
- The 15th Indian Census was conducted in two phases, house listing and population enumeration.
- 7th Census after independence.
- House listing phase began on 1 April 2010 and involved collection of information about all buildings.
- Information for National Population Register was also collected in the first phase, used to issue a 12-digit unique identification number to all registered Indian residents by Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI).
- The second population enumeration phase was conducted between 9 and 28 February 2011.
- Adult literacy rate increased to 74.04% with a decadal growth of 9.21%.
- The census covered 640 districts, 5,924 sub-districts, 7,935 towns and more than 600,000 villages.
- In 2011, India and Bangladesh also conducted their first-ever joint census of areas along their border.
- The cost of the exercise was approximately ₹2,200 crore (US$310 million) – this comes to less than $0.50 per person, well below the estimated world average of $4.60 per person.
- A total of 2.7 million officials visited households in 7,935 towns and 600,000 villages, classifying the population according to gender, religion, education and occupation.
- Spread across 28 states and 7 union territories,
- Census data was collected in 16 languages and the training manual was prepared in 18 languages.
- India's Rank in population growth rate- 2nd with 17.64% (1st China with 19%)
- The population of India has increased by more than 181 million during the decade 2001-2011.
- The provisional figures of India’s largest Census 2011 were released in New Delhi on 31st March 2011 by Union Home Secretary GK Pillai and Registrar General of India C M Chandramouli.
- The population of the country as per the provisional figures of Census 2011 is 1210.19 million(1,210,854,977)
- 623.7 million (623,724,568)(51.54%) are males
- 586.46 million(586,469,294)(48.46%) are females.
- There is only one instance of a caste-count in post-independence India.
- It was conducted in Kerala in 1968 by the Communist government under E M S Namboodiripad
- To assess the social and economic backwardness of various lower castes.
- The census was termed Socio-Economic Survey of 1968 and the results were published in the Gazetteer of Kerala, 1971.
- Caste-based census conducted in 2011
- The first time for 80 years (last was in 1931), to find the exact population of the "Other Backward Classes" (OBCs) in India.
- This was later accepted and the Socio-Economic and Caste Census 2011 was conducted whose first findings were revealed on 3 July 2015 by Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley.
- Mandal Commission report of 1980 quoted OBC population at 52%
- National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) survey of 2006 quoted OBC population at 41%.
Logo of Population Census 2011
1. Southern Zone: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Goa, Puducherry and Lakshadweep
2. Eastern Zone: Bihar, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Odisha, and A & N Islands
3. North Eastern Zone: Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, Manipur, Tripura, Sikkim, and Meghalaya.
4. Northern Zone: Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Chandigarh, Haryana, Delhi and Rajasthan.
5. Western Zone: Maharashtra, Gujarat, Daman & Diu and D & N Haveli
6. Central Zone: Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Uttarakhand.
Population Census 2011 (Important Data):-
Five largest Populous State of the Country
Highest Populous State – Uttar Pradesh
- Uttar Pradesh 19,95,81,477
- Maharashtra 11,23,72,972
- Bihar 10,38,04,637
- West Bengal 9,13,47,736
- Andhra Pradesh. 8,46,65,533
Five least Populous State of the Country
Least Populous Union Territory – Lakshadweep,
Sikkim is the least populous state
- Lakshadweep. 64,429
- Daman & Diu. 2,42,911
- Dadra & Nagar Haveli. 3,42,853
- Andaman & Nicobar islands 3,79,944
- Sikkim 6,07,688
Most Populated Metros
- Mumbai 18,394,912
- Delhi 16,349,831
- Kolkata 14,035,959
- Chennai 8,653,521
- Bangalore 8,520,435
Density of Population (person per sq. km)
- Density of Population in India -382
- Highest Density in State Delhi (11297)
- Lowest Density in State Arunachal Pradesh (17)
Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 Males)
- Sex ratio in India - 940
Best Sex Ratio
- Kerala. 1084
- Puducherry 1037
- Tamil Nadu 996
- Andhra Pradesh. 993
- Chhattisgarh. 991
- Highest sex ratio in state Kerala (1084)
- Lowest sex ratio in UTs Daman & Diu (618)
- Child (0-6 years) sex ratio (914)
- Highest child (0-6) sex ratio in state Mizoram (971)
- Lowest child (0-6) sex ratio in state Haryana (830)
- Highest fertility Rate - Meghalaya
Literacy Rate in India
- Highest Literacy Rate in state: Kerala – 93.11%
- Lowest Literacy Rate in state: Bihar – 63.82%.
- Total Person Literacy Rate of India 74%
- Males 82.10%
- Females 65.50%
- Most literate Union territory - Lakshadweep (92.2%)
- Least literate Union Territory - Dadra Nagar & Haweli (76.24%)
- Most Literate District - Serechhip (Mizoram)
- Least Literate District - Dadra Naga & Haveli
- 100% Literacy District - Palakkad (Kerala).
Top Literate States
- Kerala 94.00 %
- Lakshadweep 91.85 %
- Mizoram. 91.33 %
- Goa. 88.70 %
- Tripura 87.22 %
Top Decadal Growth Rate
- Dadra and Nagar Haveli 55.88 %
- Daman and Diu 53.76 %
- Puducherry 28.08 %
- Meghalaya 27.95 %
- Arunachal Pradesh 26.03 %
Top Rural Population
- Uttar Pradesh
- West Bengal
- Andhra Pradesh
Top Urban Population
- Uttar Pradesh
- Tamil Nadu
- West Bengal
- Andhra Pradesh
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