Key Facts of Population Census 2011 - At a Glance (PDF Version)

Key Facts of Population Census 2011
  • A census of population is the total process
    • Collecting
    • Compiling
    • Evaluating
    • Analysing and Publishing
  • Demographic, Economic and Social Data, at a specific time to all person in a country.
    • Census has been conducted in India since 1872.
    • The first time biometric information was collected in 2011.
    • Conducted every 10 years.


    Population Census 2011 (Important Facts to Remember)

    • CM Chandramauli was the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India for the 2011 Indian Census
    • The motto of the census was 'Our Census, Our future'
    • This census faced big challenges considering India's vast area and diversity of cultures and opposition from the manpower involved.
    • The 15th Indian Census was conducted in two phases, house listing and population enumeration.
    • 7th Census after independence.
    • House listing phase began on 1 April 2010 and involved collection of information about all buildings.
    • Information for National Population Register was also collected in the first phase, used to issue a 12-digit unique identification number to all registered Indian residents by Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI).
    • The second population enumeration phase was conducted between 9 and 28 February 2011.
    • Adult literacy rate increased to 74.04% with a decadal growth of 9.21%. 
    • The census covered 640 districts, 5,924 sub-districts, 7,935 towns and more than 600,000 villages.
    • In 2011, India and Bangladesh also conducted their first-ever joint census of areas along their border.
    • The cost of the exercise was approximately ₹2,200 crore (US$310 million) – this comes to less than $0.50 per person, well below the estimated world average of $4.60 per person.
    • A total of 2.7 million officials visited households in 7,935 towns and 600,000 villages, classifying the population according to gender, religion, education and occupation.
    • Spread across 28 states and 7 union territories,
    • Census data was collected in 16 languages and the training manual was prepared in 18 languages.
    • India's Rank in population growth rate- 2nd with 17.64% (1st China with 19%)
    • The population of India has increased by more than 181 million during the decade 2001-2011.
    • The provisional figures of India’s largest Census 2011 were released in New Delhi on 31st March 2011 by Union Home Secretary GK Pillai and Registrar General of India C M Chandramouli.
    • The population of the country as per the provisional figures of Census 2011 is 1210.19 million(1,210,854,977)
      • 623.7 million (623,724,568)(51.54%) are males
      • 586.46 million(586,469,294)(48.46%) are females.
    • There is only one instance of a caste-count in post-independence India. 
      • It was conducted in Kerala in 1968 by the Communist government under E M S Namboodiripad
      • To assess the social and economic backwardness of various lower castes.
      • The census was termed Socio-Economic Survey of 1968 and the results were published in the Gazetteer of Kerala, 1971.
    • Caste-based census conducted in 2011
      • The first time for 80 years (last was in 1931), to find the exact population of the "Other Backward Classes" (OBCs) in India.
      • This was later accepted and the Socio-Economic and Caste Census 2011 was conducted whose first findings were revealed on 3 July 2015 by Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley.
      • Mandal Commission report of 1980 quoted OBC population at 52%
      • National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) survey of 2006 quoted OBC population at 41%.


      Logo of Population Census 2011

      The composition of the zones is as given below: -
      1. Southern Zone: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Goa, Puducherry and Lakshadweep
      2. Eastern Zone: Bihar, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Odisha, and A & N Islands
      3. North Eastern Zone: Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, Manipur, Tripura, Sikkim, and Meghalaya.
      4. Northern Zone: Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Chandigarh, Haryana, Delhi and Rajasthan.
      5. Western Zone: Maharashtra, Gujarat, Daman & Diu and D & N Haveli
      6. Central Zone: Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Uttarakhand.

      Population Census 2011 (Important Data):-

      Five largest Populous State of the Country

      Highest Populous State – Uttar Pradesh

      1. Uttar Pradesh 19,95,81,477
      2. Maharashtra 11,23,72,972
      3. Bihar 10,38,04,637
      4. West Bengal 9,13,47,736
      5. Andhra Pradesh. 8,46,65,533

        Five least Populous State of the Country

        Least Populous Union Territory – Lakshadweep,

        Sikkim is the least populous state

        1. Lakshadweep. 64,429
        2. Daman & Diu. 2,42,911
        3. Dadra & Nagar Haveli. 3,42,853
        4. Andaman & Nicobar islands 3,79,944
        5. Sikkim 6,07,688

          Most Populated Metros

          1. Mumbai 18,394,912
          2. Delhi 16,349,831
          3. Kolkata 14,035,959
          4. Chennai 8,653,521
          5. Bangalore 8,520,435

            Density of Population (person per sq. km)

            1. Density of Population in India -382
            2. Highest Density in State Delhi (11297)
            3. Lowest Density in State Arunachal Pradesh (17)

              Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 Males)

              1. Sex ratio in India - 940

                Best Sex Ratio

                1. Kerala. 1084
                2. Puducherry 1037
                3. Tamil Nadu 996
                4. Andhra Pradesh. 993
                5. Chhattisgarh. 991
                6. Highest sex ratio in state Kerala (1084)
                7. Lowest sex ratio in UTs Daman & Diu (618)
                8. Child (0-6 years) sex ratio (914)
                9. Highest child (0-6) sex ratio in state Mizoram (971)
                10. Lowest child (0-6) sex ratio in state Haryana (830)
                11. Highest fertility Rate - Meghalaya

                  Literacy Rate in India

                  1. Highest Literacy Rate in state: Kerala – 93.11%
                  2. Lowest Literacy Rate in state: Bihar – 63.82%.
                  3. Total Person Literacy Rate of India 74%
                  4. Males 82.10%
                  5. Females 65.50%
                  6. Most literate Union territory - Lakshadweep (92.2%)
                  7. Least literate Union Territory - Dadra Nagar & Haweli (76.24%)
                  8. Most Literate District - Serechhip (Mizoram)
                  9. Least Literate District - Dadra Naga & Haveli
                  10. 100% Literacy District - Palakkad (Kerala).

                    Top Literate States

                    1. Kerala 94.00 %
                    2. Lakshadweep 91.85 %
                    3. Mizoram. 91.33 %
                    4. Goa. 88.70 %
                    5. Tripura 87.22 %

                      Top Decadal Growth Rate

                      1. Dadra and Nagar Haveli 55.88 %
                      2. Daman and Diu 53.76 %
                      3. Puducherry 28.08 %
                      4. Meghalaya 27.95 %
                      5. Arunachal Pradesh 26.03 %

                      Top Rural Population

                      1. Uttar Pradesh
                      2. Bihar
                      3. West Bengal
                      4. Maharashtra
                      5. Andhra Pradesh

                        Top Urban Population

                        1. Maharashtra
                        2. Uttar Pradesh
                        3. Tamil Nadu
                        4. West Bengal
                        5. Andhra Pradesh



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