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National Skill Development Mission (NSDM): Explained

Published on Monday, January 02, 2017
National Skill Development Mission (NSDM)


  • NSDM was developed to converge skill training in various sectors 
  • NSDM will cover all the states of India 
  • Expedite decision making in sectors through coordinated and skilling efforts 

About NSDM

  • Union Cabinet approval on 1st July 2015 
  • Official launch of NSDM by PM Modi on 15th July 2015 
  • Launched on World Youth skills day to make Indian youth skilled 
  • Mass skill training program to train millions of Indians 

Nodal Agency

  • Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 
  • Funding through National Skill Development Corporation 
  • National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) 
  • National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) 
  • Directorate General of Training (DGT) 

Sub Missions of NSDM

  • Sustainable livelihood 
  • Infrastructure 
  • Institutional training 
  • Trainers 
  • Convergence 
  • Overseas Employment 
  • Leveraging of public infrastructure 

Institutional Mechanism

  • Governing council at apex level for policy guidance 
  • Steering committee 
  • Mission Directorate 

Strategic Framework

NSDM follows 5 C strategic frameworks for imparting skill training programs
  • Create – Creating skilled individuals over a long term 
  • Correct – Upskilling individuals with work experience 
  • Certify – Aligning with norms, assessing and provide certification to trainees 
  • Connect – Making skilled trainees to join in jobs at any part of the world 
  • Catalyze - Entrepreneurship 

NSDM Model components

Connect Supply with Demand
  • Skill development does hand in hand with market demand 
  • MoSDE matches skilled and trained individuals to jobs anywhere in the world 
  • A general understanding of market demand supply of skill requirements is done 
  • Envisagement of a policy research institute 
  • Formulation of skill development policies 
  • Monitoring global changes in employment in the global scenario 

Correct Supply for Demand

  • This NSDM component aims to scale up the unemployed in the informal sector 
  • NSDC is the implementation agency for short term skill training programs 
  • Individuals with lower educational levels are targeted 
  • Skill training conducted with central, state and private initiatives cooperation 
  • NSDM aligned with other flagship schemes like Digital India, Swachh Bharat, Make in India and Solar Mission etc 
  • Scaling up of existing infrastructure also done through this NSDM component 

Create pipeline of skilled people

Skill training imparted through this NSDM component in
  • Existing educational institutions 
  • New dedicated skill training institutes 
  • ITI centers 
  • Vocational training centers 

Catalyze Demand for Skilled people

  • The main focus of this component is to promote entrepreneurship 
  • Increase individual confidence to pursue their business ideas 
  • Linking of entrepreneurship to schools and educational institutions 
  • Establishing incubation centers for entrepreneurship 
  • Establishing support centers to promote and encourage entrepreneurship 
  • Providing credit access to new entrepreneurs 

Certification and Assessment

  • Alignment of skill training with National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF) 
  • RPL framework establishment 
  • Quality assessment and certification 
  • Increase in the number of quality vocational trainers 


  • NSDM is one of the flagship schemes of GOI 
  • NSDM will make India the Skill capital of the entire world 
  • By 2020, India will be a supplier of skilled labor to the entire world 
  • Domestic labor force will also be upgraded through short term skill training programs
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