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National Youth Policy - Explained

Published on Thursday, January 05, 2017

Introduction

  • NYP aims to empower youth in the age group of 15 to 29 through skill training 
  • NYP helps a common man/youth turn into an entrepreneur 
  • NYP offers skill training based on identified priority areas 
  • NYP is the predecessor of National Skill Development Mission 

NYP priority areas for youth

  • Entrepreneurship 
  • Employment 
  • Health and healthy lifestyle 
  • Education 
  • Sports 
  • Skill development 
  • Promotion of social values 
  • Participation in politics and governance 
  • Community engagement 
  • Inclusion 
  • Youth engagement 
  • Social justice 

Rural youth statistics

  • 80 percent of rural youth dependent on farming 
  • Nearly 72% of Indian population live in rural areas (Census, 2011) 
  • Among this 26% are rural youth (15 to 29 Age) 
  • Agriculture is the major profession of rural youth contributing to 50 percent of the entire India’s employment 
  • 89% have no formal vocational training 

Challenge of the youth

  • Lack of education 
  • Increasing rate of school dropouts 
  • Lack of Skill development programs 
  • Unequal opportunity 
  • Bonded labor 
  • Regional disparities 
  • Rural Youth deprived of labor force, education and employment enjoyed by urban 
  • Population pressure 
  • Female youth are worst affected with early/child marriages 
  • Caste system 
  • Social customs 
  • Land pressure 
  • Corruption 
  • Lack of capital 
  • Seasonal nature of agriculture 
  • Poor health 
  • Poverty 
  • Lack of support 

Importance of NYP

  • By 2020, India set to become the youngest country in the world with a youth force of 64% of Indian population 
  • China, Japan, Europe and west nations ageing population opportunity for Indians 
  • This makes skill development mandatory under NYP 
  • Youth will contribute to 2% of GDP growth rate by 2020 
  • By 2020, India will have a surplus of 47 million manpower compared to the deficit in other world nations 
  • NYP aims to train youth on modern agricultural practices 
  • Training on non farm sectors is also provided under NYP 
  • Job oriented courses to youth 
  • Improve the educational and literacy percentage in rural areas 

Alignment of NYP with other Schemes

  • PM Mudra Yojana – Develop entrepreneurial spirit among the youth 
  • Stand up India – To develop SC/ST and women entrepreneurs 
  • Digital India – Skill youth on digital infrastructure and technologies 
  • Make in India – Developing skilled and industry ready youth 

Conclusion

  • Skill development programmes are a means to bring a change in the life of the rural youth 
  • Rural youth find it hard to enter colleges due to high competition from urban youth 
  • NYP comes to the aid of rural youth in imparting skills that are job oriented 
  • NYP encourages youth to become entrepreneurs 
  • Higher emphasis given to rural youth with focus on vocational training 
  • This will ensure that Indian youth is skilled and industry ready 
  • Overall, NYP will address the huge problem of unemployment in India and bridge the gap between corporate and employees through skilled youth 
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