Meaning: Condition: शर्तWe can distribute it in two parts in which the 1st part is a condition and the 2nd part is the result of that particular condition.
- Condition: It can never be in future. (this is the basic rule of these type of sentences) So whenever you find a condition in future in your exam then the error will definitely in that part.
- Result: It can be in past, present, and future also.
Here are four words that is used in a conditional and with the help of these words we can understand whether a sentence is a conditional sentence or not.
3. In case
First of all we’ll give you some examples of conditionals sentences and these sentences will help you to understand the conditionals sentences.
- If our government takes some strong steps to protect women, they can go anywhere freely.
In this sentence the first part of our sentence is a condition and the second part is the result of our conditional part.
We can see that the whole sentence is in present we haven’t use any past or future form in this sentence.
- Your health will remain good if you do yoga daily.
In this sentence our first part is a result and the second part is a condition because we have a word if in our second part.
We can see in this sentence that our result is in future but our condition is still in present as I told you that our condition can never be in future.
In 1st sentence if is in the beginning and in 2nd sentence if is in the center now the point is it when we use if in the beginning of a sentence we have to use a comma (,) in our sentence but when we use if in the center we don’t need to use comma in our sentence.
Rule:If we have our conditional part in present, we don’t need to follow any rule for 2nd part means in result. It can be in present, past and future.
If our conditional part is in past (it can be in simple past and perfect past), we have to follow this rule:
2nd form of verb/had + V3rd formResult:
Would + V1st form / would have + V3rd form
Could + V1st form / could have + V3rd form
Might + V1st form / might have + V3rd form
Example 1.In case you will fail in your exam, what will you do?
In case you fail in your exam, what will you do?
We have to remove will from the 1st part of our sentence because we can’t use a condition in future.
Example 2.If you came last night, you can also enjoy the party.
If you came last night, you could also enjoy the party.
In this sentence our conditional part is in simple past so we have to follow this rule: Could + V1st form
Example 3.I went there for you if it was possible for me.
I would go there for you if it was possible for me.
In this sentence we have result in our 1st part and 2nd part is conditional part and when we have a condition in simple past we have to follow this rule: Would + V1st form
Now the question is why we are using would in this sentence while we can use could and the reason behind it because in this sentence we are talking about the past plan, we always use would to describe our past plans and could is used for the ability.
Example 4.If you had seen yesterday’s cricket, I am sure you would enjoy seeing our team bating.
If you had seen yesterday’s cricket, I am sure you would have enjoyed seeing our team bating.
In this sentence we can see that our conditional sentence is in past perfect so we have to follow this rule: would have + V3rd form
Example 5.If I have the courage, I would have answered him back.
If I had the courage, I would have answered him back.
In this sentence there can be a confusion because as we told you if our conditional is in present, in our result we can use any rule but we can see that in our result we have would + have + V3rd form so we have to change our conditional in past perfect.
Example 6.I will be very happy if you will select in the hockey team.
I will be very happy if you select in the hockey team.
In this sentence we are using will in our conditional part which is wrong so we have to remove will and use simple present tense.
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