Phrase Replacement Test - Part 4

Phrase Replacement Test - Part 4

A sentence is given with a phrase being compressed. You need to find out the correct option which fulfils the blank grammatically and logically correct. If none of the given options is correct choose “None of the Above” as your answer.

Question no. 1

_______________________________________ yoga has often borne the brunt of being seen in
extremes: of yogis in pretzel-like contortions at one end of the spectrum, and young Instagram-led, erstwhile-overweight beach posers at the other.
I- As one of the most misunderstood practice,
II- As one of the most misunderstood practices,
III- While one of the most misunderstood practice,
IV- While one of the most misunderstood practices,
V- None of the above

Solution:
II with one of the most we use practices instead of practice and while indicates a period of time which is not the case here and as is used to indicate that something happens during the time when something else is taking place which makes as correct so option II is a correct choice.

Question no. 2

For years, much of _____________________________________ the lack of documentation of the post-Independence trajectory that design and textiles have taken.
I- his writing and curatorial work has addressed
II- his writings and curatorial work had addressed
III- his writing and curatorial work are addressing
IV- his writing and curatorial work have addressed
V- None of the above

Solution: 
IV The event is in continuation for years and still it is continued so we use present perfect tense and with and we will use have instead of has which makes option IV correct.

Question no.3

He said that _________________________________________for disseminating information of the country's rich heritage, arts, culture and tourist places worldwide.
I- websites and online booking has become an important tool
II- websites and online booking are becoming an important tool
III- websites and online booking had become an important tool
IV- websites and online booking had becoming an important tool
V- none of the above

Solution: 
III the sentence is in indirect speech so we use past form the verb which eliminates option I and II. In past perfect we use participle form of verb so option III is correct.

Question no. 4

Interestingly, in the 1970s and early 80s, when DD was the only channel, metropolitan kendras had weekly slots for plays,_____________________________.
I- which captured 95% of audience attention
II- that captured 95% of audience attention
III- which captures 95% of audience attention
IV- that captured 95% of audience attention
V- none of the above

Solution: 
I as the sentence in past form so captured is correct and the given phrase is non restrictive clause so which will be used which makes option I correct.

Question no. 5

Exoplanets, or planets outside our solar system, ­______________________________________
that have already been found now standing at 3,567.
I- have routinely been discovered, with the number of those
II- are routinely discovering, with the number of those
III- are routinely being discovered, with the number of those
IV- are routinely discovered, with the number of those
V- none of the above

Solution: 
III as the particular part of the sentence is in continuous because of the use of routinely so we can clearly eliminate I, IV and V and in this sentence object is important so passive voice should be used hence option III is the correct choice.

Question no. 6

The Centre’s bid ______________________________________________helped in recent weeks by a sovereign rating upgrade from a global agency and a sharp improvement in India’s rank on a World Bank index for ease of doing business.
I- dispelling the pall of gloom over the economy has been
II- to dispel the pall of gloom over the economy has been
III- dispelled the pall of gloom over the economy has been
IV- dispels the pall of gloom over the economy have been
V- none of the above

Solution: 
II in the sentence there should not be two main verbs as there is already helped as a main verb so we use the verb dispel for the continuity but present participle form of the word dispel is incorrect so we will use infinitive form which makes option II correct choice.

Question no. 7

Slashing fuel taxes could calm inflation, _________________________________________owing to GST deadline extensions.
I- but it would hit revenue collections that are already uncertain
II- but it will hit revenue collections that is already uncertain
III- but it will hit revenue collections that are already uncertain
IV- but it would hit revenue collections that is already uncertain
V- none of the above

Solution: 
I for the word taxes are is used instead of is which eliminates option II and IV. As the sentence is hypothetical so we use would instead of will which makes option I correct.

Question no. 8

_________________________________the ambit of the criminal law is extended to cover both genders.
I- It is a travesty if in the name of empowering women
II- It being a travesty if in the name of empowering women
III- It will be a travesty if in the name of empowering women
IV- It will a travesty if in the name of empowering women
V- None of the above

Solution: 
III the first part of sentence will be in future form and with will we have to use a verb so here be is acting like a verb in option III which makes it correct choice.

Question no. 9

With its overall popularity sliding, the party will have to work hard to bring in the next generation of leaders, with a greater political stature, if  ________________________________________.
I- it will wish to realise a greater collective destiny for South Africa
II- it wished to realise a greater collective destiny for South Africa
III- it wish to realise a great collective destiny for South Africa
IV- it wishes to realise a great collective destiny for South Africa
V- none of the above

Solution: 
V as the sentence is in future and with if we use present form of verb instead of future and ‘it’ is a singular subject so we use wishes instead of wish. And greater will be used instead of great so none of the phrase is correct which makes option V correct choice.

Question no. 10

_______________________________________a challenge to India as it looks to define its place in the U.S.-led “Indo-Pacific” realignment.
I-
China’s growing presence in the Indian Ocean present
II- China growing presence in the Indian Ocean presents
III- China growing presence in the Indian Ocean present
IV- China’s growing presence in the Indian Ocean presents
V- None of the above

Solution: 
IV in the sentence it is talking about the growing presence of China so China’s growing presence is correct. Now the subject is singular so we use presents instead of present.

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