New Pattern English Questions - Set 2

New Pattern English Questions - Set 2

Question no. 1

Directions: Pairs of sentences are provided to you. You need to join the sentences with the help of connectors provided in the options. Find out the best option which can be used to merge those pairs to make the sentence coherently and grammatically correct and mark your option accordingly:
A) In all fairness, nexus hit being taken by banks for the sake of development should be treated as a government bailout of the corporate sector. It could be seen as the RBI making credit available to defaulting corporates at negative rates of interest.
B) To know the life story of young kids, psychologists use toy animals to tell a story which is a typical projection technique, where one talks about one’s life using a different character. Therapists (usually psychologists or psychotherapists by training) can use mediums such as water colours, oil pastels, clay, collage, colour pencils, puppets, amongst others.
I- Conversely
II- In contrast
III- Alternatively
IV- However
V- None of the above

Solution: III alternatively is used when two choices are given. A person can choose either of the choices. In both the pair of sentences in A and B two different options are given like in A the hit can be treated as a government bailout or it can be seen as the RBI making credit available to defaulting corporates. And in B psychologists can use either of the techniques they can use animal toys to create any story or they can use colors, puppets, clay for knowing the condition of a child. 

Question no. 2

Directions: Pairs of sentences are provided to you. You need to join the sentences with the help of connectors provided in the options. Find out the best option which can be used to merge those pairs to make the sentence coherently and grammatically correct and mark your option accordingly:
A) As the UK’s dreams of sealing advantageous international trade deals outside the EU come up against the hard reality of the Irish border, a beneficial continued close trading relationship with the EU becomes more likely. The uncertainty caused by protracted slow progress toward this end will wreak damage on the UK economy, which will impact for many years.
B) Over 70 separate BWMS have been “type approved” by IMO and six by the USCG. Evidence is mounting that a significant percentage of these type approved BWMS that have been installed on ships are not functioning properly in a mechanical sense.
I- Nevertheless
II- However
III- In contrast to
IV- Alternatively
V- None of the above

Solution: II when in the contradictive sentence the former part is positive or it explains about something good but in the latter part it talks about its negative side or something contradictive from the positive one which was in the former part, however is used. In A, the UK’s dreams of sealing advantageous international trade deals was proved to be a beneficial close trading relationship which was a good sign but in the latter part it said that the uncertainty caused which is contradictory and the negative side too. In B, BWMS were approved which is good thing but again in latter it said they were not functioning properly which contradicts the first part negatively. So however will be the correct choice. 

Question no.3

Directions: Pairs of sentences are provided to you. You need to join the sentences with the help of connectors provided in the options. Find out the best option which can be used to merge those pairs to make the sentence coherently and grammatically correct and mark your option accordingly:
A) Created by Hala Zreiqat at the University of Sydney in Australia and her colleagues, this implant has successfully repaired broken arm bones in rabbits in testing. In a soon-to-be-published study, the team tested this ability with large leg fractures in sheep.
B) Mr. Paddock apparently removed the hard drive from at least one computer found in his room at the Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino, according to a law enforcement official. Housekeepers had visited Mr. Paddock’s room, where he fired on the crowd below, more than once in the days before the shooting, but did not notice any sign of his large stockpile of weapons.
C) Cronos' Israeli-grown flower is then distributed to countries all over Europe. They also have a footprint in Australia, where they just received a cultivation and research license.
I- However
II- Nevertheless
III- Additionally
IV- But
V- None of the above

Solution: III to give the extra information and for describing it more additionally is used. In all the three pair of sentences the latter part has some extra information be it in the first part which tells that the team tested that ability which was discussed in the former part with large leg fractures in sheep. Be it the things which were done by the housekeepers in Mr. Paddock’s room. Or in C giving the more information about the places where the flower is grown.
 
A part of sentence is Coloured Red. You need to find the correct alternative of that phrase from the provided options which makes the sentence grammatically and logically correct. Mark your answer accordingly 

Question no.4 

The gold price, “that hit a five-year low on July 20th, reflects” supply and demand right now, and also expectations about the future.
I- that hit a five-year low on July 20th, reflects
II- which hit a five-year low on July 20th, reflects
III- which hit a five-year low on July 20th, reflected
IV- that hit a five-year low on July 20th, reflects
V- that hit a five-year low on July 20th, has reflected

Solution:II To give an additional information about something that is not restrictive, a word “which” is used instead of that, so option I IV V are eliminated. As further in the sentence simple present is used (expectations) so for making the sentence parallelism free reflects will be used, which makes option II correct. 

A part of sentence is underlined/bold. You need to find the correct alternative of that phrase from the provided options which makes the sentence grammatically and logically correct. Mark your answer accordingly 

Question no.5

This is unfair to a defence minister “who has fought to modernise the Bundeswehr” and has moved fast to erase the last reminders of the 1940s
I- who has fought to modernise the Bundeswehr
II- who had fought to modernise the Bundeswehr
III- that has fought to modernise the Bundeswehr
IV- that had fought to modernise the Bundeswehr
V- whom has fought to modernise the Bundeswehr

Solution: I As sentence is talking about defence minister only who will be grammatically correct. It eliminates III IV and V. According to rule of parallelism the structure of sentence should be same as in the former part of the sentence had is used but in the latter part has is used for the same period. As the latter part is correct so we should use has in the former part which makes option I correct. 

A part of sentence is underlined/bold. You need to find the correct alternative of that phrase from the provided options which makes the sentence grammatically and logically correct. Mark your answer accordingly 

Question no.6

The rare academic who could speak fluently to bureaucrats and normal people, “Charles Kindleberger has designed the Marshall Plan” and wrote vast economic histories worthy of Tolstoy.
I- Charles Kindleberger has designed the Marshall Plan
II- Charles Kindleberger had designed the Marshall Plan
III- Charles Kindleberger designing the Marshall Plan
IV- Charles Kindleberger designed the Marshall Plan
V- The Marshall Plan was designed by Charles Kindleberger

Solution: IV The use of passive voice is irrelevant that eliminates option V. As the Marshall Plan was designed and wrote at some time in the past that means the task is done in the particular moment in the past so we use simple past (i.e. second form of verb). So when some situation started and ended in particular time period in the past, simple past or past indefinite is used i.e. designed which makes only option IV correct. 

A part of sentence is underlined/bold. You need to find the correct alternative of that phrase from the provided options which makes the sentence grammatically and logically correct. Mark your answer accordingly. 

Question no.7 

Yet some bitcoin enthusiasts still believe that the currency may only be “consolidate to begin its next huge rally to the sky”.
I- consolidate to begin its next huge rally to the sky
II- consolidating to begin its next huge rally upon the sky
III- consolidating to begins its next huge rally to the sky
IV- consolidate to begin its next huge rally upon the sky
V- consolidating to begin its next huge rally to the sky

Solution: V with may first form of the verb is used so be is used already so to now continue a sentence +ing for of verb will be used which eliminates option I and IV. Upon the sky is incorrect because it won’t rally upon the sky which means above the sky so to the sky will be correct. Furthermore begins cannot be used with to which makes only option V a correct choice. 

A part of sentence is underlined/bold. You need to find the correct alternative of that phrase from the provided options which makes the sentence grammatically and logically correct. Mark your answer accordingly. 

Question no.8 

A CBDC is a complex tool whose functionality is still being researched. “As there is one flaw endemic to any CBDC: the contradiction among” the centralising tendency of a CBDC and the decentralising technology that underpins cryptocurrencies
I- As there is one flaw endemic to any CBDC: the contradiction among
II- But there is one flaw endemic to any CBDC: the contradiction among
III- But there is one flaw endemic to any CBDC: the contradiction between
IV- Because there is one flaw endemic to any CBDC: the contradiction between
V- Yet there is one flaw endemic to any CBDC: the contradiction among

Solution: III in the sentence no reason is provided which makes as and because incorrect and the use of among is grammatically wrong as there is contradiction between the two centralising tendency of a CBDC and decentralising technology which makes option III a correct choice.

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