Sustainable Development Goals Index 2018: Highlights

Sustainable Development Goals Index 2018: Highlights

About

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) born at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro in 2012. The objective was to produce a set of universal goals that meet the urgent environmental, political and economic challenges facing the world. It replaced the
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which started a global effort in 2000 to tackle the indignity of poverty. The goals are interconnected – often the key to success on one will involve tackling issues more commonly associated with another. The SDGs are part of resolution 70/1 of UNGA “Transforming our world: the 2030 agenda for sustainable development”. There are 17 such SDG as follows:
  1. No Poverty 
  2. Zero Hunger 
  3. Good Health and Well-being 
  4. Quality Education 
  5. Gender Equality 
  6. Clean water and sanitation 
  7. Affordable and clean energy 
  8. Decent work and economic growth 
  9. Industry, innovation and infrastructure 
  10. Reducing Inequalities 
  11. Sustainable cities and communities 
  12. Responsible consumption and production 
  13. Climate action 
  14. Life below water 
  15. Life on land 
  16. Peace, justice and strong institution 
  17. Partnerships for the goals

UN’S India SDG Index

  • The ranking is released by federal policy think tank NITI Aayog and the UN. 
  • According to SDG India Index, the nation as a whole has a score of 58. 
  • The index covers 13 of the 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs), including healthcare, gender equality, clean energy, infrastructure, education, peace and building strong, accountable institutions. 
  • The rank shows the distance each state has to cover to reach 100—the point at which it fully meets the sustainable development goal. 
  • The scores represent current status of achievement in meeting the goals. 
  • Top-ranked states are: 
    • Himachal Pradesh 
    • Kerala 
    • Tamil Nadu 
  • States performing low are 
    • Assam 
    • Bihar 
    • Utter Pradesh 
  • Among Union territories, Chandigarh leads with a score of 68 on account of its track record in providing clean water and sanitation it was also benefitted from the performance in providing quality education.

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