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Countries - Capital, Currency and Languages

Published on Saturday, October 14, 2023
countries and capitals and currency PDF

Country Name
Capital
Currency
Official Language
Head of Government
Afghanistan Kabul Afghani Dari Persian; Pashto President - Hasan Akhund
Albania Tirane Lek Albanian Prime Minister – Edi Rama
Algeria Algiers Dinar Arabic; Tamazight; French Prime Minister – Aymen Benabderrahmane
Andorra Andorra la Vella Euro Catalan Prime Minister - Xavier Espot Zamora
Angola Luanda New Kwanza Portuguese President – H.E. Joao Manuel Goncalves Lourenco
Antigua and Barbuda Saint John's East Caribbean dollar English Prime Minister – Gaston Alphonso Browne
Argentina Buenos Aires Peso Spanish President – Alberto Fernández
Armenia Yerevan Dram Armenian President – Nikol Pashinyan
Australia Canberra Australian dollar English Prime Minister  - Anthony Albanese
Austria Vienna Euro (formerly schilling) German President - Alexander Van der Bellen
Azerbaijan Baku Manat Azerbaijani Prime Minister – Ali Asadov
The Bahamas Nassau Bahamian dollar English Prime Minister – Philip Davis
Bahrain Manama Bahrain dinar Arabic Prime Minister – Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa
Bangladesh Dhaka Taka Bangla Prime Minister – Sheikh Hasina
Barbados Bridgetown Barbados dollar English Prime Minister – Mia Mottley
Belarus Minsk Belorussian ruble Belarusian; Russian President - Roman Golovchenko
Belgium Brussels Euro (formerly Belgian franc) Dutch; French; German Prime Minister – Alexander De Croo
Belize Belmopan Belize dollar English Prime Minister – Johnny Briceño
Benin Porto-Novo CFA Franc French President - Patrice Talon
Bhutan Thimphu Ngultrum Dzongkha Prime Minister – Lotay Tshering
Bolivia La Paz (administrative); Sucre (judicial) Boliviano Spanish; Quechua; Aymara President – Luis Arce
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Convertible Mark Bosnian; Croatian; Serbian Chairman of the Council of Ministers - Borjana Krišto
Botswana Gaborone Pula English; Tswana President – Mokgweetsi Masisi
Brazil Brasilia Real Portuguese President – Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei dollar Malay Sultan and Prime Minister – Hassanal Bolkiah
Bulgaria Sofia Lev Bulgarian Prime Minister – Nikolai Denkov
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou CFA Franc French Prime Minister  - Apollinaire Joachim Kyélem de Tambèla
Burundi Gitega Burundi franc Kirundi; French Prime Minister – Gervais Ndirakobuca
Cambodia Phnom Penh Riel Khmer Prime Minister – Hun Sen
Cameroon Yaounde CFA Franc French; English Prime Minister – Joseph Ngute
Canada Ottawa Canadian dollar English; French Prime Minister – Justin Trudeau
Cape Verde Praia Cape Verdean escudo Portuguese Prime Minister – Ulisses Correia e Silva
Central African Republic Bangui CFA Franc Sango; French Prime Minister – Félix Moloua
Chad N'Djamena CFA Franc French; Arabic Prime Minister – Saleh Kebzabo
Chile Santiago Chilean Peso Spanish President – Gabriel Boric
China Beijing Chinese Yuan Mandarin President - Xi Jinping 
Colombia Bogota Colombian Peso Spanish President – Gustavo Petro
Comoros Moroni Franc Comorian; Arabic; French President – Azali Assoumani
Republic of the Congo Brazzaville CFA Franc French Prime Minister –Anatole Collinet Makosso
Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa Congolese franc French Prime Minister – Jean-Michel Sama Lukonde
Costa Rica San Jose Colón Spanish President – Rodrigo Chaves Robles
Cote d'Ivoire Yamoussoukro (official); Abidjan (de facto) CFA Franc French President - Alassane Dramane Ouattara
Croatia Zagreb Croatian Kuna Prime Minister – Andrej Plenković
Cuba Havana Cuban Peso Spanish Prime Minister-Manuel Marrero Cruz
Cyprus Nicosia Euro Greek; Turkish President – Nikos Anastasiades
Czech Republic Prague Koruna Czech; Slovak Prime Minister – Petr Fiala
Denmark Copenhagen Danish Krone Danish Prime Minister – Mette Frederiksen
Djibouti Djibouti Djiboutian franc Arabic; French Prime Minister – Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed
Dominica Roseau East Caribbean dollar English; French;
Antillean Creole
Prime Minister – Roosevelt Skerrit
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Dominican Peso Spanish President – Luis Abinader
East Timor (Timor-Leste) Dili U.S. dollar Tetum; Portuguese;
Iindonesian
Prime Minister – Xanana Gusmão
Ecuador Quito U.S. dollar Spanish President – Guillermo Lasso
Egypt Cairo Egyptian pound Arabic Prime Minister – Moustafa Madbouly
El Salvador San Salvador Colón; U.S. dollar Spanish President – Nayib Armando Bukele Ortez
Equatorial Guinea Malabo CFA Franc Spanish; French; Portuguese Prime Minister –Manuela Roka Botey
Eritrea Asmara Nakfa Arabic; Tigrinya; English President – Isaias Afwerki
Estonia Tallinn Estonia Kroon; Euro Estonian Prime Minister – Kaja Kallas
Ethiopia Addis Ababa Birr Amharic Prime Minister – Abiy Ahmed
Fiji Suva Fiji dollar English; Bau Fijian; Hindi Prime Minister – Sitiveni Rabuka
Finland Helsinki Euro (formerly markka) Finnish; Swedish Prime Minister – Petteri Orpo
France Paris Euro (formerly French franc) French Prime Minister- Elisabeth Borne
Gabon Libreville CFA Franc French Prime Minister – Raymond Ndong Sima
The Gambia Banjul Dalasi English President – Adama Barrow
Georgia Tbilisi Lari Georgian Prime Minister – Irakli Garibashvili
Germany Berlin Euro (formerly Deutsche mark) GermanPresident - Frank-Walter Steinmeier
Ghana Accra Cedi English President - Nana Akufo-Addo
Greece Athens Euro (formerly drachma) Greek Prime Minister –Kyriakos Mitsotakis
Grenada Saint George's East Caribbean dollar English; Patois Prime Minister – Dickon Mitchell
Guatemala Guatemala City Quetzal Spanish President – Alejandro Giammattei
Guinea Conakry Guinean franc French Prime Minister –Bernard Goumou
Guinea-Bissau Bissau CFA Franc Portuguese Prime Minister – Geraldo Martins
Guyana Georgetown Guyanese dollar English President -  Mark Phillips
Haiti Port-au-Prince Gourde Haitian Creole; French Prime Minister – Ariel Henry
Honduras Tegucigalpa Lempira Spanish President – Xiomara Castro Zelaya
Hungary Budapest Forint Hungarian Prime Minister – Viktor Orbán
Iceland Reykjavik Icelandic króna Icelandic President - Katrín Jakobsdóttir
India New Delhi Indian Rupee Hindi; English Prime Minister – Mr. Narendra Modi
Indonesia Jakarta Rupiah Indonesian President – Joko Widodo
Iran Tehran Rial Persian President – Ebrahim Raisi
Iraq Baghdad Iraqi Dinar Arabic; Kurdish Prime Minister  - Mohammed Shia' Al Sudani
Ireland Dublin Euro (formerly Irish pound [punt]) English; Irish Prime Minister-Taoiseach – Leo Varadkar
Israel Jerusalem* Shekel Hebrew; Arabic Prime Minister –Benjamin Netanyahu
Italy Rome Euro (formerly lira) Italian Prime Minister – Giorgia Meloni
Ivory Coast Yamoussoukro West African CFA franc French Prime Minister – Patrick Achi
Jamaica Kingston Jamaican dollar English Prime Minister – Andrew Holness
Japan Tokyo Yen Japanese Prime Minister –Fumio Kishida
Jordan Amman Jordanian dinar Arabic Prime Minister – Bishr Al-Khasawneh
Kazakhstan Nur Sultan Tenge Kazakh; Russian Prime Minister – Alihan Smaiylov
Kenya Nairobi Kenya shilling Swahili; English President – William Ruto
Kiribati Tarawa Atoll Kiribati dollar English; Gilbertese President – Taneti Mamau
Korea, North Pyongyang Won Korean President – Kim Jong-un
Korea, South Seoul Won Korean Prime Minister – Yoon Suk Yeol
Kosovo Pristina Euro (German Mark prior to 2002) Albanian; Serbian Prime Minister –Albin Kurti
Kuwait Kuwait City Kuwaiti Dollar Arabic; English Prime Minister – Ahmad Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Som Kyrgyz; Russian President - Akylbek Japarov
Laos Vientiane New Kip Lao (Laotian) Prime Minister –Sonexay Siphandone
Latvia Riga Lats Latvian Prime Minister – Evika Siliņa
Lebanon Beirut Lebanese pound Arabic; French Prime Minister –Najib Mikati
Lesotho Maseru Maluti Sesotho; English Prime Minister - Sam Matekane
Liberia Monrovia Liberian dollar English President – George Weah
Libya Tripoli Libyan dinar Arabic Prime Minister – Abdul Hamid Dbeibeh
Liechtenstein Vaduz Swiss franc German Prime Minister- Daniel Risch
Lithuania Vilnius Litas Lithuanian Prime Minister – Ingrida Šimonytė
Luxembourg Luxembourg Euro (formerly Luxembourg franc) German; French;
Luxembourgish
Prime Minister – Xavier Bettel
Macedonia Skopje Denar Macedonian President of the Government – Stevo Pendarovski
Madagascar Antananarivo Malagasy Ariary Malagasy; French; English Prime Minister –Christian Ntsay
Malawi Lilongwe Kwacha English President – Lazarus Chakwera
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Ringgit Malay Prime Minister – Anwar bin Ibrahim
Maldives Male Rufiyaa Dhivehi President – Ibrahim Mohamed Solih
Mali Bamako CFA Franc French Prime Minister- Choguel Kokalla Maïga
Malta Valletta Euro Maltese; English Prime Minister – Robert Abela
Marshall Islands Majuro U.S. Dollar Marshallese; English President – David Kabua
Mauritania Nouakchott Ouguiya Arabic Prime Minister – Mohamed Ould Bilal
Mauritius Port Louis Mauritian rupee English Prime Minister – Pravind Jugnauth
Mexico Mexico City Mexican peso Spanish President – Andrés Manuel López Obrador
Federated States of Micronesia Palikir U.S. Dollar English President – Wesley Simina
Moldova Chisinau Leu Moldovan (Romanian) Prime Minister – Dorin Recean
Monaco Monte Carlo Euro French; Italian; English Minister of State –Pierre Dartout
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Togrog Mongolian Prime Minister – Luvsannamsrain Oyun-Erdene
Montenegro Podgorica Euro Montenegrin Prime Minister – Dritan Abazović
Morocco Rabat Dirham Arabic Prime Minister-Aziz Akhannouch
Mozambique Maputo Metical Portuguese Prime Minister – Adriano Maleiane
Myanmar (Burma) Nay Pyi Taw Kyat Burmese President– Myint Swe
Namibia Windhoek Namibian dollar English; Afrikaans; German Prime Minister – Saara Kuugongelwa-Amadhila
Nauru no official capital; government offices in Yaren District Australian dollar English; Nauran President – Russ Kun
Nepal Kathmandu Nepalese rupee Nepali Prime Minister – Pushpa Kamal Dahal
Netherlands Amsterdam; The Hague (seat of government) Euro (formerly guilder) Dutch Prime Minister – Mark Rutte
New Zealand Wellington New Zealand dollar English Prime Minister – Chris Hipkins
Nicaragua Managua Gold cordoba Spanish President – Daniel Ortega
Niger Niamey CFA Franc French Prime Minister – Ali Lamine Zeine
Nigeria Abuja Naira English President -  Bola Tinubu
Norway Oslo Norwegian krone Norwegian Prime Minister – Jonas Gahr Støre
Oman Muscat Omani rial Arabic Sultan and Prime Minister – Haitham bin Tariq
Pakistan Islamabad Pakistani rupee Urdu; English Prime Minister –Anwaar ul Haq Kakar
Palau Melekeok U.S. dollar English; Palauan Vice President –Surangel S. Whipps Jr.
Palestine Ramallah, East Jerusalem Palestine PoundArabicPrime Minister - Mohammad Shtayyeh
Panama Panama City Balboa; U.S. dollar Spanish President – Laurentino Cortizo
Papua New Guinea Port Moresby  Kina English; Tok Pisin;
Hiri Motu
Prime Minister – James Marape
Paraguay Asuncion Guaraní Spanish; Guarani President –  Santiago Peña
Peru Lima Nuevo sol (1991) Spanish President - Dina Boluarte
Philippines Manila Peso Filipino; English President – Bongbong Marcos
Poland Warsaw Zloty Polish President – Andrzej Duda
Portugal Lisbon Euro (formerly escudo) Portuguese Prime Minister – António Costa
Qatar Doha Qatari riyal Arabic Prime Minister – Mohammed bin Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al Thani
Romania Bucharest Romanian Rupee Romanian Prime Minister –Marcel Ciolacu
Russia Moscow Ruble Romanian Prime Minister –Mikhail Vladimirovich Mishustin
Rwanda Kigali Rwandan franc Russian Prime Minister – Édouard Ngirente
Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre East Caribbean dollar English Prime Minister –Terrance Drew
Saint Lucia Castries East Caribbean dollar English Prime Minister – Philip J. Pierre
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown  East Caribbean dollar English Prime Minister – Ralph Gonsalves
Samoa Apia Tala Samoan, English Prime Minister – Fiame Naomi Mata’afa
San Marino San Marino Euro Italian Head - HE Ms Maria Luisa Berti II and HE Mr Manuel Ciavatta I
Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tome Dobra Portuguese Prime Minister – Patrice Trovoada
Saudi Arabia Riyadh Riyal Arabic King and Prime Minister – Mohammed bin Salman
Senegal Dakar CFA Franc French Prime Minister –Amadou Ba
Serbia Belgrade Serbian Dinar Serbian Prime Minister – Ana Brnabić
Seychelles Victoria Seychelles rupee Seychellois Creole, French English President – Wavel Ramkalawan
Sierra Leone Freetown Leone English President – Julius Maada Wonie Bio
Singapore Singapore Singapore dollar English, Chinese and Malay
Tamil
Prime Minister – Lee Hsien Loong
Slovakia Bratislava Euro Slovak Prime Minister –Ľudovít Ódor
Slovenia Ljubljana Slovenian tolar; euro (as of 1/1/07) Slovene Prime Minister – Robert Golob
Solomon Islands Honiara Solomon Islands dollar English Prime Minister –Manasseh Sogavare
Somalia Mogadishu Somali shilling Somali Arabic Prime Minister –Hamza Abdi Barre
South Africa Pretoria (administrative); Cape Town (legislative); Bloemfontein (judiciary) Rand Afrikaans, English, Southern Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Southern Sotho, Swazi
Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu
President – Cyril Ramaphosa
South Sudan Juba Sudanese Pound English President – Salva Kiir Mayardit
Spain Madrid Euro (formerly peseta) Spanish, Catalan Galician , Gasque Prime Minister - Pedro Sánchez
Sri Lanka Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative) Sri Lankan rupee Sinhala, Tamil Prime Minister - Dinesh Gunawardena
Sudan Khartoum Sudanese Pound Arabic, English Prime Minister –Osman Hussein
Suriname Paramaribo Surinamese dollar Dutch President –Chabdrikapersad ‘Chan’ Santokhi
Swaziland Mbabane Lilangeni English, Swati Prime Minister –Cleopas Dlamini
Sweden Stockholm Krona Swedish Prime Minister – Ulf Kristersson
Switzerland Berne Swiss franc German, French, Italian, RomanshPresident - Alain Berset
Syria Damascus Syrian pound Arabic Prime Minister – Hussein Arnous
Taiwan Taipei Taiwan dollar Standard Chinese President - Tsai Ing-wen
Tajikistan Dushanbe somoni Tajik; Russian Prime Minister – Kokhir Rasulzoda
Tanzania Dar es Salaam; Dodoma (legislative) Tanzanian shilling Swahili, English Prime Minister – Kassim Majaliwa
Thailand Bangkok Baht Thai Prime Minister –  Srettha Thavisin
Togo Lome CFA Franc French Prime Minister –Victoire Tomegah Dogbé
Tonga Nuku'alofa Pa'anga English Prime Minister – Siaosi Sovaleni
Trinidad and Tobago Port-of-Spain Trinidad and Tobago dollar English Prime Minister – Keith Rowley
Tunisia Tunis Tunisian dinar Arabic Prime Minister-  Ahmed Hachani
Turkey Ankara Turkish lira (YTL) Turkish President – Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Turkmenistan Ashgabat Manat Turkmen President – Serdar Berdimuhamedow
Tuvalu Vaiaku village, Funafuti province Tuvaluan Dollar Tuvaluan; English Prime Minister – Kausea Natano
Uganda Kampala Ugandan new shilling Swahili, English, Luganda Prime Minister – Robinah Nabbanja
Ukraine Kiev Hryvnia UkrainianPresident -  Denys Shmyhal
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi U.A.E. Dirham Arabic Prime Minister – Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
United Kingdom London Pound sterling English Prime Minister – Rishi Sunak
United States of America Washington D.C. Dollar English President – Joe Biden
Uruguay Montevideo Uruguay peso Spanish President – Luis Lacalle Pou
Uzbekistan Tashkent Uzbekistani sum Uzbek Prime Minister – Abdulla Aripov
Vanuatu Port-Vila Vatu Bislama, French, English Prime Minister –   Charlot Salwai

Vatican City (Holy See) Vatican City Euro Italian President - Fernando Vérgez Alzaga
Venezuela Caracas Bolivar Spanish President – Nicolás Maduro
Vietnam Hanoi Dong Vietnamese Prime Minister -Nguyễn Phú Trọng
Yemen Sanaa Rial Arabic Prime Minister – Maeen Abdulmalik Saeed
Zambia Lusaka Kwacha English President – Hakainde Hichilema
Zimbabwe Harare United States dollar English, Shona, Ndebele President –Emmerson Mnangagwa


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