NITI Aayog AMFFRI Index 2019: Highlights

NITI Aayog AMFFRI Index 2019: Highlights
  • The National Institution for Transforming India i.e. NITI Aayog has released the Agricultural Marketing & Farm Friendly Reforms Index (AMFFRI) 2019. The first-ever index was released in October 2016.
  • AMFFRI is an index which compares the status of reforms in the agriculture sector across all the states and UTs in the country. The index is broadly based on three actions taken by a state or UT-
    1. Implementation of Agricultural marketing reforms 
    2. Action to facilitate and liberalise lease in and lease out of agricultural land 
    3. Liberalization of regulation on felling and transit of trees grown on private land 
  • On the basis of these three actions, a state/UT is given a score out of 100.
  • The agriculture marketing reforms are divided into various dimensions of agriculture marketing which include 10 indicators representing different areas of reform in e-NAM, APMC market, market charges and specific treatment in the marketing of fruit and vegetable.

NITI Aayog AMFFRI Index

  • Maharashtra has topped the NITI Aayog's Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index (AMFFRI). According to the index, the state has implemented most of the marketing reforms and along with this, it also provides the best environment for doing agri-business among all the States/UTs in the country.
  • Maharashtra is followed by Gujarat. It has a score of 71.5 out of 100.
  • Gujarat is followed by Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. So, Rajasthan is third and Madhya Pradesh is fourth on the index.
  • Madhya Pradesh is followed by Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Andhra Pradesh to rank 5th, 6th and 7th respectively.
  • Karnataka has been ranked 8th even after being progressive in implementing market reforms. The state lagged behind in liberalization of land lease and restrictions on felling of trees on private land.

Top 5 states on NITI Aayog AMFFRI Index

  1. Maharashtra
  2. Gujarat
  3. Rajasthan
  4. Madhya Pradesh
  5. Haryana

Quick Facts-

  • NITI Aayog i.e. the National Institution for Transforming India was formed on January 1, 2015, by a resolution by the Union Cabinet.
  • It is the premier policy ‘Think Tank’ of the Government of India and has replaced the Planning Commission.
  • At present, the commission has a Chairperson, Vice-chairperson, Chief Executive Officer and three full-time members.
    • Chairperson- Narendra Modi
    • Vice Chairperson- Rajiv Kumar
    • Chief Executive Officer- Amitabh Kant
    • Full-time Members- Ramesh Chand, V K Saraswat and V K Paul.
  • The commission also has Ex-officio members and special invitees.
  • Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Planning, NITI Aayog is Rao Inderjit Singh.
  • The headquarters of NITI Aayog is in New Delhi.

Questions

Q1. The Agricultural Marketing & Farm Friendly Reforms Index (AMFFRI) is released by?
1. Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare
2. NITI Aayog
3. Indian Council of Agricultural Research
4. Ministry of Food Processing Industries‎
5. Ministry of Rural Development
Answer- (2) NITI Aayog

Explanation-
NITI Aayog releases the Agricultural Marketing & Farm Friendly Reforms Index (AMFFRI). First such index was released by the think tank in October 2016.
AMFFRI is an index which compares the status of reforms in the agriculture sector across all the states and UTs in the country.

Q2. Which state has topped the Agricultural Marketing & Farm Friendly Reforms Index (AMFFRI)?
1. Karnataka
2. Tamil Nadu
3. Chhattisgarh
4. Maharashtra
5. Gujarat
Answer- (4) Maharashtra

Explanation- Maharashtra is on the first rank in NITI Aayog's Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index (AMFFRI). The state has implemented most of the marketing reforms and along with this, the state provides the best environment for doing agri-business among all the States/UTs in the country.
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