Countries - Capital, Currency and Languages

countries and capitals and currency PDF

Country Name
Capital
Currency
Official Language
Head of Government
Afghanistan Kabul Afghani Dari Persian; Pashto Chief Executive – Abdullah Abdullah
Albania Tirane Lek Albanian Prime Minister – Edi Rama
Algeria Algiers Dinar Arabic; Tamazight; French Prime Minister – Ahmed Ouyahia
Andorra Andorra la Vella Euro Catalan Antoni Martí
Angola Luanda New Kwanza Portuguese President – João Lourenço
Antigua and Barbuda Saint John's East Caribbean dollar English Prime Minister – Gaston Browne
Argentina Buenos Aires Peso Spanish President – Mauricio Macri
Armenia Yerevan Dram Armenian Prime Minister – Karen Karapetyan
Australia Canberra Australian dollar English Prime Minister – Malcolm Turnbull
Austria Vienna Euro (formerly schilling) German Federal Chancellor – Christian Kern
Azerbaijan Baku Manat Azerbaijani Prime Minister – Artur Rasizade
The Bahamas Nassau Bahamian dollar English Prime Minister – Hubert Minnis
Bahrain Manama Bahrain dinar Arabic Prime Minister – Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
Bangladesh Dhaka Taka Bangla Prime Minister – Sheikh Hasina
Barbados Bridgetown Barbados dollar English Prime Minister – Freundel Stuart
Belarus Minsk Belorussian ruble Belarusian; Russian Prime Minister – Andrei Kobyakov
Belgium Brussels Euro (formerly Belgian franc) Dutch; French; German Prime Minister – Charles Michel
Belize Belmopan Belize dollar English Prime Minister – Dean Barrow
Benin Porto-Novo CFA Franc French President – Patrice Talon
Bhutan Thimphu Ngultrum Dzongkha Prime Minister – Tshering Tobgay
Bolivia La Paz (administrative); Sucre (judicial) Boliviano Spanish; Quechua; Aymara President – Evo Morales
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Marka Bosnian; Croatian; Serbian Chairman of the Council of Ministers – Denis Zvizdić
Botswana Gaborone Pula English; Tswana President – Ian Khama
Brazil Brasilia Real Portuguese President – Michel Temer[ε ]
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei dollar Malay Sultan and Prime Minister – Hassanal Bolkiah
Bulgaria Sofia Lev Bulgarian Prime Minister – Boyko Borisov
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou CFA Franc French Prime Minister – Paul Kaba Thieba
Burundi Bujumbura Burundi franc Kirundi; French President – Pierre Nkurunziza
Cambodia Phnom Penh Riel Khmer Prime Minister – Hun Sen
Cameroon Yaounde CFA Franc French; English Prime Minister – Philémon Yang
Canada Ottawa Canadian dollar English; French Prime Minister – Justin Trudeau
Cape Verde Praia Cape Verdean escudo Portuguese Prime Minister – Ulisses Correia e Silva
Central African Republic Bangui CFA Franc Sango; French Prime Minister – Simplice Sarandji
Chad N'Djamena CFA Franc French; Arabic Prime Minister – Albert Pahimi Padacké
Chile Santiago Chilean Peso Spanish President – Michelle Bachelet
China Beijing Yuan/Renminbi Mandarin Premier of the State Council – Li Keqiang
Colombia Bogota Colombian Peso Spanish President – Juan Manuel Santos
Comoros Moroni Franc Comorian; Arabic; French President – Azali Assoumani
Congo, Republic of the Brazzaville CFA Franc French Prime Minister – Bruno Tshibala
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Kinshasa Congolese franc French Prime Minister – Clément Mouamba
Costa Rica San Jose Colón Spanish President – Luis Guillermo Solís
Cote d'Ivoire Yamoussoukro (official); Abidjan (de facto) CFA Franc French Incumbent Amadou Gon
Croatia Zagreb Kuna Kuna Prime Minister – Andrej Plenković
Cuba Havana Cuban Peso Spanish Raúl Castro
Cyprus Nicosia Cyprus pound Greek; Turkish President – Nicos Anastasiades
Czech Republic Prague Koruna Czech; Slovak Prime Minister – Bohuslav Sobotka
Denmark Copenhagen Krone Danish Prime Minister – Lars Løkke Rasmussen
Djibouti Djibouti Djibouti franc Arabic; French Prime Minister – Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed
Dominica Roseau East Caribbean dollar English; French;
Antillean Creole
Prime Minister – Roosevelt Skerrit
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Dominican Peso Spanish President – Danilo Medina
East Timor (Timor-Leste) Dili U.S. dollar Tetum; Portuguese;
Iindonesian
Prime Minister – Mari Alkatiri
Ecuador Quito U.S. dollar Spanish President – Lenín Moreno
Egypt Cairo Egyptian pound Arabic Prime Minister – Sherif Ismail
El Salvador San Salvador Colón; U.S. dollar Spanish President – Salvador Sánchez Cerén
Equatorial Guinea Malabo CFA Franc Spanish; French; Portuguese Prime Minister – Francisco Pascual Obama Asue
Eritrea Asmara Nakfa Arabic; Tigrinya; English President – Isaias Afwerki
Estonia Tallinn Kroon Estonian Prime Minister – Jüri Ratas
Ethiopia Addis Ababa Birr Amharic Prime Minister – Hailemariam Desalegn
Fiji Suva Fiji dollar English; Bau Fijian; Hindi Prime Minister – Frank Bainimarama
Finland Helsinki Euro (formerly markka) Finnish; Swedish Prime Minister – Juha Sipilä
France Paris Euro (formerly French franc) French Prime Minister – Édouard Philippe
Gabon Libreville CFA Franc French Prime Minister – Emmanuel Issoze-Ngondet
The Gambia Banjul Dalasi English President – Adama Barrow
Georgia Tbilisi Lari Georgian Prime Minister – Giorgi Kvirikashvili
Germany Berlin Euro (formerly Deutsche mark) German Chancellor – Angela Merkel
Ghana Accra Cedi English President – Nana Akufo-Addo
Greece Athens Euro (formerly drachma) Greek Prime Minister – Alexis Tsipras
Grenada Saint George's East Caribbean dollar English; Patois Prime Minister – Keith Mitchell
Guatemala Guatemala City Quetzal Spanish President – Jimmy Morales
Guinea Conakry Guinean franc French Prime Minister – Mamady Youla
Guinea-Bissau Bissau CFA Franc Portuguese Prime Minister – Umaro Sissoco Embaló
Guyana Georgetown Guyanese dollar English Prime Minister – Moses Nagamootoo
Haiti Port-au-Prince Gourde Haitian Creole; French Prime Minister – Jack Guy Lafontant
Honduras Tegucigalpa Lempira Spanish President – Juan Orlando Hernández
Hungary Budapest Forint Hungarian Prime Minister – Viktor Orbán
Iceland Reykjavik Icelandic króna Icelandic Prime Minister – Bjarni Benediktsson
India New Delhi Rupee Hindi; English Prime Minister – Narendra Modi
Indonesia Jakarta Rupiah Indonesian President – Joko Widodo
Iran Tehran Rial Persian President – Hassan Rouhani
Iraq Baghdad Iraqi Dinar Arabic; Kurdish Prime Minister – Haider al-Abadi
Ireland Dublin Euro (formerly Irish pound [punt]) English; Irish Taoiseach – Leo Varadkar
Israel Jerusalem* Shekel Hebrew; Arabic Prime Minister – Benjamin Netanyahu
Italy Rome Euro (formerly lira) Italian President of the Council of Ministers – Paolo Gentiloni
Jamaica Kingston Jamaican dollar English Prime Minister – Andrew Holness
Japan Tokyo Yen Japanese Prime Minister – Shinzō Abe
Jordan Amman Jordanian dinar Arabic Prime Minister – Hani Al-Mulki
Kazakhstan Astana Tenge Kazakh; Russian Prime Minister – Bakhytzhan Sagintayev
Kenya Nairobi Kenya shilling Swahili; English President – Uhuru Kenyatta
Kiribati Tarawa Atoll Australian dollar English; Gilbertese President – Taneti Mamau
Korea, North Pyongyang Won Korean Premier of the Cabinet – Pak Pong-ju
Korea, South Seoul Won Korean Prime Minister – Lee Nak-yeon
Kosovo Pristina Euro (German Mark prior to 2002) Albanian; Serbian Prime Minister – Ramush Haradinaj
Kuwait Kuwait City Kuwaiti dinar Arabic; English Prime Minister – Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Som Kyrgyz; Russian Prime Minister – Sapar Isakov
Laos Vientiane New Kip Lao (Laotian) Prime Minister – Thongloun Sisoulith
Latvia Riga Lats Latvian Prime Minister – Māris Kučinskis
Lebanon Beirut Lebanese pound Arabic; French President of the Council of Ministers – Saad Hariri
Lesotho Maseru Maluti Sesotho; English Prime Minister – Tom Thabane
Liberia Monrovia Liberian dollar English President – Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
Libya Tripoli Libyan dinar Arabic Prime Minister – Fayez al-Sarraj
Liechtenstein Vaduz Swiss franc German Adrian Hasler
Lithuania Vilnius Litas Lithuanian Prime Minister – Saulius Skvernelis
Luxembourg Luxembourg Euro (formerly Luxembourg franc) German; French;
Luxembourgish
Prime Minister – Xavier Bettel
Macedonia Skopje Denar Macedonian President of the Government – Zoran Zaev
Madagascar Antananarivo Malagasy franc Malagasy; French; English Prime Minister – Olivier Mahafaly Solonandrasana
Malawi Lilongwe Kwacha English President – Peter Mutharika
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Ringgit Malay Prime Minister – Najib Razak
Maldives Male Rufiya Dhivehi President – Abdulla Yameen
Mali Bamako CFA Franc French Prime Minister – Abdoulaye Idrissa Maïga
Malta Valletta Maltese lira Maltese; English Prime Minister – Joseph Muscat
Marshall Islands Majuro U.S. Dollar Marshallese; English President – Hilda Heine
Mauritania Nouakchott Ouguiya Arabic Prime Minister – Yahya Ould Hademine
Mauritius Port Louis Mauritian rupee English Prime Minister – Pravind Jugnauth
Mexico Mexico City Mexican peso Spanish President – Enrique Peña Nieto
Micronesia, Federated States of Palikir U.S. Dollar English President – Peter M. Christian
Moldova Chisinau Leu Moldovan (Romanian) Prime Minister – Pavel Filip
Monaco Monaco Euro French; Italian; English Minister of State – Serge Telle
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Tugrik Mongolian Prime Minister – Ukhnaa Khurelsukh
Montenegro Podgorica Euro Montenegrin Prime Minister – Duško Marković
Morocco Rabat Dirham Arabic Saadeddine Othmani
Mozambique Maputo Metical Portuguese Prime Minister – Carlos Agostinho do Rosário
Myanmar (Burma) Rangoon (Yangon); Naypyidaw or Nay Pyi Taw (administrative) Kyat Burmese State Counsellor – Aung San Suu Kyi
Namibia Windhoek Namibian dollar English; Afrikaans; German Prime Minister – Saara Kuugongelwa
Nauru no official capital; government offices in Yaren District Australian dollar English; Nauran President – Baron Waqa
Nepal Kathmandu Nepalese rupee Nepali Prime Minister – Sher Bahadur Deuba
Netherlands Amsterdam; The Hague (seat of government) Euro (formerly guilder) Dutch Prime Minister – Mark Rutte
New Zealand Wellington New Zealand dollar English Prime Minister – Jacinda Ardern
Nicaragua Managua Gold cordoba Spanish President – Daniel Ortega
Niger Niamey CFA Franc French Prime Minister – Brigi Rafini
Nigeria Abuja Naira English President – Muhammadu Buhari
Norway Oslo Norwegian krone Norwegian Prime Minister – Erna Solberg
Oman Muscat Omani rial Arabic Sultan and Prime Minister – Qaboos bin Said al Said
Pakistan Islamabad Pakistani rupee Urdu; English Interim Prime Minister – Shahid Khaqan Abbasi
Palau Melekeok U.S. dollar English; Palauan President – Tommy Remengesau
Panama Panama City balboa; U.S. dollar Spanish President – Juan Carlos Varela
Papua New Guinea Port Moresby Kina English; Tok Pisin;
Hiri Motu
Prime Minister – Peter O'Neill
Paraguay Asuncion Guaraní Spanish; Guarani President – Horacio Cartes
Peru Lima Nuevo sol (1991) Spanish Prime Minister – Mercedes Aráoz
Philippines Manila Peso Filipino; English President – Rodrigo Duterte
Poland Warsaw Zloty Polish Prime Minister – Beata Szydło
Portugal Lisbon Euro (formerly escudo) Portuguese Prime Minister – António Costa
Qatar Doha Qatari riyal Arabic Prime Minister – Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani
Romania Bucharest Leu Romanian Prime Minister – Mihai Tudose
Russia Moscow Ruble Romanian Prime Minister – Dmitry Medvedev
Rwanda Kigali Rwanda franc Russian Prime Minister – Edouard Ngirente
Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre East Caribbean dollar English Prime Minister – Timothy Harris
Saint Lucia Castries East Caribbean dollar English Prime Minister – Allen Chastanet
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown East Caribbean dollar English Prime Minister – Ralph Gonsalves
Samoa Apia Tala Samoan, English Prime Minister – Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
San Marino San Marino Euro Italian Captain Regent[ι] – Enrico Carattoni, Matteo Fiorini
Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tome Dobra Portuguese Prime Minister – Patrice Trovoada
Saudi Arabia Riyadh Riyal Arabic King and Prime Minister – Salman
Senegal Dakar CFA Franc French Prime Minister – Mohammed Dionne
Serbia Belgrade Yugoslav new dinar. In Kosovo both the euro and the Yugoslav dinar are legal Serbian Prime Minister – Ana Brnabić
Seychelles Victoria Seychelles rupee Seychellois Creole, French English President – Danny Faure
Sierra Leone Freetown Leone English President – Ernest Bai Koroma
Singapore Singapore Singapore dollar English, Chinese and Malay
Tamil
Prime Minister – Lee Hsien Loong
Slovakia Bratislava Koruna Slovak Prime Minister – Robert Fico
Slovenia Ljubljana Slovenian tolar; euro (as of 1/1/07) Slovene Prime Minister – Miro Cerar
Solomon Islands Honiara Solomon Islands dollar English Prime Minister – Manasseh Sogavare
Somalia Mogadishu Somali shilling Somali Arabic Prime Minister – Hassan Ali Khayre
South Africa Pretoria (administrative); Cape Town (legislative); Bloemfontein (judiciary) Rand Afrikaans, English, Southern Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Southern Sotho, Swazi
Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu
President – Jacob Zuma
South Sudan Juba Sudanese Pound English President – Salva Kiir Mayardit
Spain Madrid Euro (formerly peseta) Spanish, Catalan Galician , Gasque President of the Government – Mariano Rajoy
Sri Lanka Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative) Sri Lanka rupee Sinhala, Tamil Prime Minister – Ranil Wickremesinghe
Sudan Khartoum Dinar Arabic, English Prime Minister – Bakri Hassan Saleh
Suriname Paramaribo Surinamese dollar Dutch President – Dési Bouterse
Swaziland Mbabane Lilangeni English, Swati Prime Minister – Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini
Sweden Stockholm Krona Swedish Prime Minister – Stefan Löfven
Switzerland Bern Swiss franc German, French, Italian, Romansh Doris Leuthard
Syria Damascus Syrian pound Arabic Prime Minister – Imad Khamis
Taiwan Taipei Taiwan dollar Standard Chinese President of the Executive Yuan – William Lai
Tajikistan Dushanbe somoni Tajik Prime Minister – Kokhir Rasulzoda
Tanzania Dar es Salaam; Dodoma (legislative) Tanzanian shilling Swahili, English Prime Minister – Kassim Majaliwa
Thailand Bangkok baht Thai Prime Minister – Prayut Chan-o-cha
Togo Lome CFA Franc French Prime Minister – Komi Sélom Klassou
Tonga Nuku'alofa Pa'anga English Prime Minister – ʻAkilisi Pōhiva
Trinidad and Tobago Port-of-Spain Trinidad and Tobago dollar English Prime Minister – Keith Rowley
Tunisia Tunis Tunisian dinar Arabic Youssef Chahed
Turkey Ankara Turkish lira (YTL) Turkish Prime Minister – Binali Yıldırım
Turkmenistan Ashgabat Manat Turkmen President – Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
Tuvalu Vaiaku village, Funafuti province Australian dollar Polynesian Prime Minister – Enele Sopoaga
Uganda Kampala Ugandan new shilling Swahili, English, Luganda Prime Minister – Ruhakana Rugunda
Ukraine Kyiv Hryvna Ukrainian Prime Minister – Volodymyr Groysman
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi U.A.E. dirham Arabic Prime Minister – Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
United Kingdom London Pound sterling English Prime Minister – Theresa May
United States of America Washington D.C. dollar English President – Donald Trump
Uruguay Montevideo Uruguay peso Spanish President – Tabaré Vázquez
Uzbekistan Tashkent Uzbekistani sum Uzbek Prime Minister – Abdulla Aripov
Vanuatu Port-Vila Vatu Bislama, French, English Prime Minister – Charlot Salwai
Vatican City (Holy See) Vatican City Euro Italian Cardinal Giuseppe Bertello
Venezuela Caracas Bolivar Spanish President – Nicolás Maduro
Vietnam Hanoi Dong Vietnamese Nguyễn Phú Trọng
Yemen Sanaa Rial Arabic Prime Minister – Ahmed Obeid bin Daghr
Zambia Lusaka Kwacha English President – Edgar Lungu
Zimbabwe Harare Zimbabwean dollar English, Shona, Ndebele President – Robert Mugabe

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