Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana: All You Need To Know


Introduction

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is a skill certification and reward scheme of the Indian government

Aim

PMKVY helps to mobilise and enable a large Indian youth to become employed and take up skill training that is outcome based

Target

  • Class 10 and Class 12 dropout students
  • Special focus on youth in North Eastern states
  • Focus on youth of J&K
  • Regions affected by left wing extremism
  • PMKVY now extended for another four years till 2020
  • Skill training to benefit more than 10 million youth

Nodal Agency

  • Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
  • Implemented through National Skill Development Corporation

Funding

  • Initial cost of the scheme is 1500 crores
  • Fully sponsored by Central government
  • In 2016, budget for PMKVY is extended to 12000 crores
  • 67 crore allocated to efforts on mobilisation through skill melas

Key Components of PMKVY

  • Short-term training
  • Special projects
  • Recognition of Prior Learning
  • Placement Assistance
  • Standardised branding and communication
  • Continuous monitoring
  • Kaushal and Rozgar Mela

Beneficiaries

  • School drop outs
  • Economically Weaker sections (EWS)
  • Unemployed youth
  • Monetary reward for trainees 
  • Certification provided by third parties after assessment of candidate

Drop out reasons

  • Males engage in economic activities at a younger age
  • Females engage in domestic activities for a living
  • Lack of interest in education
  • Financial constraint 
  • Timing of educational institutions not suitable
  • Unfriendly
  • Unavailability of teachers
  • Unfamiliar medium of instruction
  • Lack of training institutes

Features

  • Part of Skill India Mission
  • Roping in training institutes to impart skills to beneficiaries
  • Training of students conducted following prescribed standards
  • Standards created by industry driven bodies like Sector Skills Council (SSC)
  • Targets of skill training aligned with flagship programs such as Digital India, Swachh Bharat, National solar mission and Make in India
  • PMKVY has a formal grievance redressal mechanism 
  • Online citizens portal setup to convey information about PMKVY
  • Industry relevant skill training 
  • PMKVY portal includes a complete set of database available to all courses and the various training centres
  • Aadhar enabled attendance system
  • Training provided on a short-term basis
  • Certified under RPL (Recognition of Prior Learning)


Participating Organizations

  • Awareness building and training programs conducted in coordination with 
  • Panchayati Raj Institutions 
  • State governments 
  • Community-based organisations and 
  • Municipal bodies
  • Event management companies to conduct skill miles

Conclusion

  • PMKVY is a flagship scheme of GOI that has received good response throughout India and extended for another four years till 2020
  • Millions of school drop outs will be trained and placed in industry
  • This will improve productivity in due course of time through skilled labour
  • PMKVY will increase the skilled workforce in the industry by 2020
  • Skilled workforce will directly contribute to Make in India, Digital India and other schemes introduced by GOI
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