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Shyam Prasad Mukharjee Rurban Mission

Published on Saturday, January 14, 2017


  • PM Modi launched Shyam Prasad Mukharjee Rurban Mission  in Rajnandgaon district of Chattisgarh
  • This scheme is a successor of Provision of Urban amenities in Rural Areas (PURA) model envisioned by our Late President Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam
  • It is a cluster based approach to develop smart villages
  • The scheme includes skill development as one of the key components

About Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban Mission (SPMRM)

  • RURBAN Mission is a cluster based approach to develop the villages 
  • Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban Mission includes skill development and economic developmental activities
  • It trains the rural youth on self-employable skills
  • It aims to protect rural habitat and at the same time develops urban amenities


  • The main objective is overall social, infrastructure and economic development of villages 
  • The scheme aims to develop a cluster of 300 smart villages across the nation by 2020


  • Clusters are formed based on the demography for SPMRM mission
  • Plain and Coastal villages with a population less than 50000 and greater than 25000
  • Hilly, Tribal and Desert regions with a population of 5000 to 15000 people

What is a Smart Village?

  • It is an area that has the lifestyles and economic characteristics of urban areas
  • Smart village does not affect the features of the rural area while transforming
  • Villages are classified into clusters for developing skills and local entrepreneurship
  • Provisioning of economic activities and developing infrastructure is done in the identified clusters

Nodal Agency

  • State governments are responsible for cluster identification
  • Funding through various government sponsored schemes
  • Funds shared on PPP basis
  • Center funds 30 percent of the project cost through Critical Gap Funding (CGF)
  • Center and State institutional mechanism for smooth implementation of SPMRM
  • Initially 300 clusters are developed with a budget of 5100 crore covering 100 clusters on an annual basis
  • The mission has an innovation budget for undertaking research, capacity building and development

Major components of SPMRM Mission

SPMRM has 14 mandatory components and other essential components
  • Cluster based Skill Development
  • Digital literacy
  • Skill training linked to employment
  • Inter village road connectivity
  • Mobile health units
  • Infrastructure development
  • LPG gas connections
  • E-gram connectivity
  • Electronic delivery of citizen centric services
  • Public transport
  • Warehousing 
  • Agriculture services
  • Agro-processing
  • Storage
  • Water supply provisions through pipes
  • Sanitation
  • Waste management – solid and liquid
  • Education facilities up gradation

Way Forward

This scheme
  • Mitigates the challenges of rural migration 
  • Reduces the after effects of hyper urbanization
  • SPMRM would catalyze the growth of both rural and urban sectors through the clusters identified by improving rural areas and decongesting urban areas
  • Balanced development of rural and urban sectors
  • SPMRM will help in generating employment opportunities in the rural areas through appropriate skill training programs
  • Rural youth will be educated and benefited the most from SPMRM
  • Overall regional growth will be attained through SPMRM.

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