Constitutional and Non-Constitutional Bodies in India

constitutional bodies

Constitutional Bodies in India:

Name of the Constitutional Body Mentioned in
Election Commission
Article 324
Union Public Service Commission
Article-315 to 323
State Public Service Commission
Article-315 to 323
Finance Commission
Article-280
National Commission for SCs
Article-338
National Commission for STs
Article-338 A
Comptroller and Auditor General of India
Article-148
Attorney General of India
Article-76
Advocate General of the State
Article-165
Special officer for linguistic Minorities
Article-350 B

Non-Constitutional Bodies

  1. NITI Aayog
  2. National Development Council
  3. National Human Rights Commission
  4. State Human Rights Commission
  5. Central Information Commission
  6. State Information Commission
  7. Central Vigilance Commission
  8. Central Bureau of Investigation
  9. Lokpal and Lokayuktas

Different Governing Bodies With Respect To Polity

Constitutional bodies & their composition

Name of the constitutional body Composition Current head/chairman
Election Commission chief election commissioner and the two other election commissioners Om Prakash Rawat
Union Public Service Commission Usually, the Commission consists of nine to eleven
members including the chairman
Vinay Mittal
Finance Commission Finance Commission consists of a chairman and four other members to be appointed by the
President.
Chairman of 15th FC-NK Singh
National Commission for Scheduled Castes It consists of a chairperson,
a vice-chairperson and three other members.
Ram Shankar Katheria
National Commission for
Scheduled Tribes (STs)
It consists of a chairperson,
a vice-chairperson and three other members
Rameshwar Oraon
Comptroller
and Auditor General of India (CAG)
CAG is appointed by the president of India Rajiv Mehrishi
Attorney General Highest law officer in India K. K. Venugopal
Advocate general for the
states
- -

Non-constitutional bodies & their composition:

Name of the non constitutional body Composition Current head/chairman
National Development Council The NDC is composed of the following members.
1. Prime minister of India
2. All Union cabinet ministers (since 1967).
3. Chief ministers of all states.
4. Chief ministers/administrators of all union territories.
5. Members of the Planning Commission.
Prime minister of India
National Human Rights Commission It is a multi-member body consisting of a chairman and four members. Justice H.L. Dattu
State Human Rights Commission It is a multi-member body consisting of a chairperson and two
Members
-
Central Information Commission The Commission consists of a Chief Information Commissioner and not more than ten Information
Commissioners
Radha Krishna Mathur
State Information Commission The Commission consists of a State Chief Information Commissioner and not more than ten State
Information Commissioners
Central Vigilance Commission CVC is a multi-member body consisting of a Central Vigilance Commissioner (chairperson) and
not more than two vigilance commissioners.
K.V. Chowdary
Central Bureau of Investigation The CBI is headed by a Director. He is assisted by a special director or an additional director.
Additionally, it has a number of joint directors, deputy inspector generals, superintendents of police
and all other usual ranks of police personnel
Alok Kumar Verma
Lokpal Lokpal to consist of a Chairperson and upto eight members and not less than 50% of the
members to be from SCs, STs, OBCs, minorities and women
lokayukta Varies from state to state

Composition of NITI Aayog

The composition of NITI Aayog is as follows

  1. Prime Minister of India act as the Chairman of NITI Aayog
  2. Governing Council of NITI Aayog comprises the CMs of all the States in India and Lt. Governors of Union Territories in India
  3. In addition to this, Regional Councils will be formed to address specific problems and issues that are affecting more than one state or a region. They are formed for a specific period of a time 
    • The Regional Councils will be formed by the Prime Minister and will comprise of the Chief Ministers of States and Lt. Governors of Union Territories in the region. These will be chaired by the Chairperson of the NITI Aayog or his nominee.
  4. Some Experts, specialists and practitioners are nominated as special invitees for NITI Aayog by the Prime Minister

Full-time organizational framework of NITI Aayog:

The full-time organizational framework NITI Aayog will comprise of
  • Prime Minister as the Chairperson:
  • Vice-Chairperson: To be appointed by the Prime Minister
  • Members: Full-time
  • Part-time members: Maximum of 2 from leading universities research b organizations and other relevant institutions in an ex-officio capacity. Part time members will be on a rotational basis.
  • Ex Officio members: Maximum of 4 members of the Union Council of Ministers to be nominated by the Prime Minister.
  • Chief Executive Officer appointed by the Prime Minister for a fixed tenure.

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