Global Climate Risk Index 2020: Highlights

Global Climate Risk Index 2020: Highlights
  • The Global Climate Risk Index 2020 has been released by environmental think tank Germanwatch. Global Climate Risk Index is an analysis of impact of extreme weather conditions on the world. It uses most reliable methods to indicate a level of exposure and vulnerability to extreme events of the countries across the world. This index is the 15th edition of the Global Climate Risk Index which is released annually. Also, it should be noted that the index is based on the worldwide data collection and analysis provided by Munich Re’s NatCatSERVICE.
  • This year, the data is available from 1999 to 2018 and index highlights which countries suffer most weather-related losses. The index considers 181 countries.

Following four indicators have been used to prepare the index-

  1. Number of deaths,
  2. Number of deaths per 100 000 inhabitants,
  3. Sum of losses in US$ in purchasing power parity (PPP) as well as
  4. Losses per unit of gross domestic product (GDP).

Key Findings

  • According to the Global Climate Risk Index 2020, Japan and Philippines are the most affected countries in the year 2018. They are followed by Germany.
  • Also, Germany has experienced a hottest year since the index has started.
  • However, Puerto Rico, Myanmar and Haiti are the most affected countries by extreme weather countries between 1999 and 2018.
  • Globally, around 495 000 people died due to the affect of 12000 extreme weather events and losses between 1999 & 2018 were around US$ 3.54 trillion (in purchasing power parities).
  • Heat waves were the major cause of damage and losses in 2018. Also, Germany, Japan and India suffered from extended periods of heat.
  • Out of the ten most affected countries in the period of 1999 to 2018, seven were developing countries in the low income or lower-middle income country group, two were upper-middle income countries (Thailand and Dominica) and one was an advanced economy generating high income (Puerto Rico).

5 Most Affected Countries in 2018

Ranking 2018 Country CRI Score Death Toll Losses per unit GDP in percentage
1 Japan 5.50 1282 0.64
2 Philippines 11.17 455 0.48
3 Germany 13.83 1246 0.12
4 Madagascar 15.83 72 1.32
5 India 18.17 2081 0.36

5 Most Affected Countries from 1999 to 2018 (Annual Averages)

Ranking 2018 Country CRI Score Death Toll Losses per unit GDP in percentage
1 Puerto Rico 6.67 149.90 3.76
2 Myanmar 10.33 7052.40 0.83
3 Haiti 13.83 274.15 2.38
4 Philippines 17.67 869.80 0.57
5 Pakistan 28.83 499.45 0.53

India Specific Findings


  • India has been ranked 5th in the list of ten most affected countries in 2018. India has a CRI score of 18.17.
  • Monsoon season severely affected India in 2018. The most affected state was Kerala where 324 people died due to floods. More than 220 000 people had to leave their home while 20 000 houses and 80 dams were destroyed. This damage accounted to EUR 2.4 billion (US$ 2.8 billion) loss.
  • East coast of India was hit by the cyclones Titli and Gaja in October and November 2018.

Questions

Q: 1. Who released the Global Climate Risk Index 2020?
1. Climate Transparency
2. Germanwatch
3. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
4. Climate Action Network
5. Green Climate Fund
Answer- 2

Explanation- The Global Climate Risk Index 2020 has been released by environmental think tank Germanwatch. This index is the 15th edition of the Global Climate Risk Index which is released annually.

Q: 2. Which is the most affected country by the extreme weather conditions according to the Global Climate Risk Index 2020 in the year 2018?
1. Philippines
2. Germany
3. India
4. Japan
5. Sri Lanka
Answer-4

Explanation- According to the Global Climate Risk Index 2020, Japan is the most affected countries in the year 2018. The country was hit by 3 strong extreme weather events during year.
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