Global Climate Risk Index 2019: Highlights

Highlights: Global Climate Risk Index 2019

About

  • The Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries and regions have been affected by impacts of weather-related loss events such as storms, floods, heat waves. The Germanwatch Global Climate Risk Index is analysis based the most reliable data sets available on the impacts of extreme weather events and associated socio-economic data. This is the 14th edition of the annual analysis. It indicates a level of exposure and vulnerability to extreme events, which countries should understand as warnings in order to be prepared for more frequent and more severe events in the future.

Key Results

  • Between 1998 and 2017, more than 526 000 people died worldwide and losses of US$ 3.47 trillion (in PPP) incurred as a direct result of more than 11500 extreme weather events. 
  • Puerto Rico, Sri Lanka and Dominica were in top of the list of the most affected countries in 2017. 
  • The top 10 most affected countries in CRI 2017 
    • 1. Puerto Rico (CRI Score 1.50) 
    • 2. Sri Lanka (9.00) 
    • 3. Dominica (9.33) 
    • 4. Nepal (10.50) 
    • 5. Peru (10.67) 
    • 6. Vietnam (13.50) 
    • 7. Madagascar (15.0) 
    • 8. Sierra Leone (15.67) 
    • 9. Bangladesh 
    • 10. 916.00) 
    • 11. Thailand (16.33) 
  • The top 10 countries affected from 1998-2017 – Long-term CRI 
    • 1. Puerto Rico (7.83) 
    • 2. Honduras (13.00) 
    • 3. Myanmar (13.17) 
    • 4. Haiti (15.17) 
    • 5. Philippines (19.68) 
    • 6. Nicaragua (20.33) 
    • 7. Bangladesh (26.67) 
    • 8. Pakistan (30.17) 
    • 9. Vietnam (31.67) 
    • 10. Dominica (33.00) 
  • The frequency of heat waves has increased in large parts of Europe, Asia and Australia also the number of heavy precipitation events has risen in most land regions especially in North America and Europe, the frequency or intensity of heavy precipitation events has increased. 
  • Tropical cyclones impacted millions of people and caused extremely large number of losses and a great deal of damage. 
  • The top 5 countries with the highest CRI score which were hit by tropical cyclones in 2017 
    • 1. Puerto Rico (1.50) 
    • 2. Dominica (9.33) 
    • 3. Vietnam (13.50) 
    • 4. Madagascar (15.00) 
    • 5. United States (19.83) 
  • Storms and their direct implications (precipitation, floods and landslides) were one major causes of damage in 2017. 
  • Out of ten most affected countries in 2017, four were hit by tropical cyclones. 
  • It suggests that the number of severe tropical cyclones will increase with every tenth of a degree in average temperature rise. 
  • Out of ten most affected countries (1998–2017), eight were developing countries in the low income or lower-middle income group, one was classified as an upper-middle income country (Dominica) and one as advanced economy generating high income (Puerto Rico). 

India's Status

  • India ranked 14th on this year’s Global Climate Risk Index 
  • India’s CRI score stood at 22.67 
  • India is also affected by many natural hazards 
  • Massive landfalls have affected more than 40 million people in India along with Nepal and Bangladesh 
  • The floods spread across the foothills of Himalayas and brought landslides left tens of thousands of houses, area of farmland and roads destroyed. 
  • Nearly 250 people were killed due to collapsing of buildings or drowning in regions of India along with Nepal and Bangladesh.

Smart Prep Kit for Banking Exams by Ramandeep Singh - Download here


Join 40,000+ readers and get free notes in your email

0 comments:

Post a Comment

Thanks for commenting. Follow us on Telegram. Search BankExamsToday