Jal Jeevan Mission: Highlights

Jal Jeevan Mission: Highlights
  • Mission: Jal Jeevan mission
  • Estimated Budget: More than Rs. 3.5 lakh crore
  • Ministry: Ministry of Jal Shakti

About

  • Jal Jeevan Mission was announced by PM Narendra Modi on Independence Day in order to provide piped water to households. As per NITI Aayog report, 600 million people in India are facing utmost Scarcity of water and 21 cities, including Bengaluru, Delhi, Hyderabad and Chennai will run out of groundwater by 2020, affecting 100 million people. It will converge with respective central and state government schemes in order to achieve its objective.

Key Highlights

  • The scheme aims to provide drinking water connections to all homes by 2024.
  • It will also be the nation-wide movement like Swachh Bharat Mission.
  • The government would spend more than Rs. 3.5 lakh crore in the next five years.
  • The mission will be based on conservation efforts like point recharge, desilting of minor irrigation tanks, source sustainability and use of grey water for agriculture.
  • Due to insufficient rainfall groundwater is depleting at a faster pace. Also the groundwater recharge is only 300 billion cubic meters (BCM) while the groundwater withdrawn is 450 BCM. Thus it becomes necessary to have such scheme in order to get potable water. 
  • Under the first phase of this mission, water ministry has initiated measures to conserve water in 256 districts.
  • PM Modi also aims to solve the two problems faced by Indian Women i.e. lack of water and lack of toilets by this scheme. He further said that the scheme will directly impact everyone.

Questions

Q: 1. Jal Jeevan Mission is announced by PM on?
a. 26th Jan, 2018
b. 15th Aug, 2018
c. 26th Jan, 2019
d. 15th Aug, 2019

Explanation: Jal Jeevan Mission was announced by PM Narendra Modi on Independence Day in order to provide piped water to households

Q: 2. The targeted year of Jal Jeevan Mission is?
a. 2020
b. 2022
c. 2024
d. 2026

Explanation: The scheme aims to provide drinking water connections to all homes by 2024.
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