List of Satellites Launched from PSLV
List of Satellites Launched from GSLV
|GSAT-1 ,D1||2001||GSLV M1||Developmental flight|
|GSLV Mk II D6||2015||GSAT-6||9th GSLV flight and |
5TH developmental flight.
|INSAT-3DR||September 2016||GSLV F05||First operational flight of GSLV Mk II.|
Upcoming Satellite launch: SAARC satellite - SAARC Satellite is a proposed communication-cum-meteorology satellite for the SAARC region. It was announced by the prime minister of India, Narendra Modi in August 2014. It was proposed for a launch in December 2016 but it has been postponed to March 2017.
ISROThe Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is the space research and exploration agency of government of India (GOI) headquartered at Bengaluru (Karnataka) aiming to develop and sharpen space research and technology for national development. ISRO was formed in 1969 displacing the Indian national committee for space research (INCOSPAR) established in 1962 with the combined efforts of first prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru and his close aide scientist Vikram sarabhai ,regarded widely as the the Father of the Indian space programme.
What is a satellite?
- A satellite is an artificial body placed in orbit around the earth, they can be either natural or artificial serving different purposes like communication, navigation, weather, earth observation, military etc The example for natural satellite is Moon ,which keeps orbiting the Earth. Jupitor has 63 moons while Mercury and Venus have no moon.
- In 1957, Russia became the first country to launch an artificial satellite “SPUTNIK 1” rocketed by “SPUTNIK 8K71PS”.
Points to be Noted
- Dr. APJ ABDUL KALAM (Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam ) is known as the missile man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vechile technology.
- ISRO comes under the authority of department of space of GOI and the PM, managing agencies and institutes.
- It has its own commercial wing named “ANTRIX” a marketing arm, its job is to promote products,services and tech development.
- It was Dr.Vikram Sarabhai’s continuous efforts which persuaded the Indian government to concentrate on space research work and make a place in the elite club of leading space agencies.
History of Satellites in India
- India launched its first satellite ”ARYABHATA” in 1975 with the help of “KAPUSTIN YAR“ Russian rocket launch site.
- In 1970s, the project SLV (satellite launch vehicle) headed by Dr.APJ Abdul kalam with ISRO to develop the technology for launching satellites was in initial stage and made its first launch in the year 1979 carrying “ROHINI” named satellite to the orbit. The launch vehicle throws the rocket carrying satellite into different orbits.
- Subsequently it has developed PSLV (Polar satellite launch vehicle) and GSLV ( Geosynchronous satellite launch vehicle ).
- The PSLV took its first flight in 1993 and is breaking records since then, with its latest successful flight on 15 february 2017,carved its name in the history by launching 104 satellites in polar orbit at one go in just a single rocket “PSLV C37” from Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC),surpassing Russian record of 37 satellites in 2014.
- It carried 3 Indian satellites 1)CARTOSAT-2 series , India’s weather observation satellite2)INS-1A and INS-1B (Indian national satellite ) and other nations satellites including 96 from US alone.
- With this Indian satellites launched in space now stands at 46 and the total number of customer satellites from abroad launched by India’s workhorse launch vehicle PSLV has reached 180.
- It has launched various satellites for historic missions like Chandrayan-1, Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), Space Capsule Recovery Experiment, Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System, etc.
- ISRO- headquarters- Bengaluru ( Karnataka)
- Established in 1969
- Vikram Sarabhai –father of Indian space programme
- APJ Abdul Kalam- the missile man of India
- ANTRIX – commercial wing of ISRO
- First artificial satellite launched by Russia in 1957 named ‘SPUTANIK1”
- First Indian satellite ( other countries launch site) “ARYABHATA” in 1975
- First Indian satellite (launch site in India) – “ROHINI” by SLV in 1979
- NASA: ( National Aeronautics and Space Administration) ,US
- CHANDRAYAN-1 was India’s first lunar probe launched using PSLV-XL.
- ASTROSATIS India's first dedicated multi-wavelength space observatory. It was launched on a PSLV-XL on 28 September 2015
- The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), also called Mangalyaan is a space probe orbiting Mars since 24 September 2014. It is India's first interplanetary mission] and ISRO has become the fourth space agency to reach Mars, after the Soviet space program, NASA, and the European Space Agency. PSLV C25 carried it to the space ,The total cost of the mission was approximately Rs. 450 Crore (US$73 million) making it the least-expensive Mars mission to date
- The NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) mission is a joint project between NASA and ISRO to co-develop and launch a dual frequency synthetic aperture radar satellite to be launched in 2020.
- ISRO Chairman – AS kiran kumar
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