National Symbols of India: Key Points to Know

1.National Flag

Adopted on 22 July 1947
Designed by Pingali venkayya

Description
  •  The national flag consists of three horizontal and parallel strips with kesariya at the top, white in the middle and green color at the bottom with Ashoka Chakra at the centre.
  • The Ashok Chakra has 24 spokes. It was derived from lion
  • capitol of Ashok at Sarnath, Bihar.
  • The width to length ratio of the flag is 2:3.
  • All the rules and regulations regarding flag hosting of the national flag is given in Flag Code of India 2002.
  • It was adopted on 26 January 2002.
  • It emphasizes on the freedom of the flag hosting in educational and private institutions as per Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act, 1950 and Prevention of Insult of Symbols Act, 1971.


2. National Emblem

Adopted on 26 January 1950
Adopted from lion capitol of Ashok at Sarnath, Bihar

Description
  •  It depicts 4 lions facing 4 different directions along with a bull, an elephant and a horse.
  • ‘Satyamev Jayate’ is written in Devnagari script means
  • ‘Truth only Triumphs’.
  • It is taken from Mundak Upnishad.

3.National Anthem:- Jan- Gan -Mana

Adopted on 24 January 1950
Written by Rabindranath Tagore
Language Bangla
Playing time 52 sec

Description
  • First time sung in Kolkata session of Indian National congress in 22 December 1911.
  • It originally have 5 stanzas.

4.National Song:- Vande-Mataram

Adopted on 24 January 1950
Written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
Language Bangla
Playing time 52 sec

Description
  • First time sung in Kolkata session of Indian National congress in 22 December 1911.
  • It originally have 5 stanzas.

5. National Calendar

National 
Calendar
  • There are two national calendars 
  • Saka calendar
  • Gregorian calendar
Adopted on
  • Gregorian calendar was official calendar during British rule
  • Saka calender on 22 March 1957

Description
  • First month of saka calendar is Chaitra.
  • 22 March is the first day of Chaitra month.
  • 21 March is the first day of a leap year.
  • First month of Gregorian calendar is January.

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