Verbs - Simple and Concise English Grammar Notes


Will , Shall

Generally ' will ' is used with ' We ' and ' You ' & ' Shall ' with ' I ' But in deterministic cases ' will ' is used with ' I '.
Eg : I will do this work.
' Shall ' is used with ' You '.
  • Always use shall with you:
  1.  Shall be grateful
  2. Shall be obliged
  3. Shall be forced
 I know I will be compelled to leave this house this week.

Would , Should

  • Would is past form of will
( used in narration )
Eg. Ram said to shyam, " I shall go to office".
Ram told shyam that he would go to office.
  • for polite request
Eg. Would you like to have cofee.

Can , Could

  • could is used in past
( It is used in the place of can in past )
  • formal request
Eg. Could I meet to the director.


  • Used for advice
Eg. You should read newspaper.


Must is used for compulsion 
Eg. You must read the newspaper.

May , Might

Both these are used for possibility
  1. It may rain today.( there is a possibility that it will rain )
  2. It might rain today.
( few possibility or in negative form )
Past of may - might
  • May is used for permissible request
Eg. May I come in.

Ought to

Used for moral duties.
Eg. You ought to respect your elders.

It being a storm you must thought of postponing all your programs. [ Correct : think ]

Rule : Always use 1st form of verb with Modals.

# Marginal Auxiliary Verb


He needs you.
[ main verb ]

He needs not to go there. [ Correct : need ]
[ need act as helping verb ]
 Correct : he need nto go there.


same rules as for ' need '

Used to 

Eg. He used to go there.
  • always use ' to ' with ' used '
  • always use First form of veb with ' used '
  • ' used ' is used for past.
Eg. He used to go there
[ never used ' uses ' for general cases in present ]
Incorrect : He uses to go there.
Correct    : He goes there .
Incorrect : He uses to study in night
Correct    : He studies in the night.

# Primary Auxiliary verbs

Is, am , are 

They are used in present tense 
These verbs can come only following cases :
         1. As a main verb
Eg. Ram is a good boy.
[ act as main verb ]
          2. In continuous tense
Eg. Ram is playing cricket. [ is + v1 + ing ]
          3. In passive voice
Eg. Cricket is played by Ram.  [ is + v3 ]

Do , Does , Did

all of these are used with first form of verb.
Eg. Do you doubted about the success of this boy.

Has, Have, Had

  • always used with V3
  • Used in perfect tense
Eg. 1. The criminal will certainly be hung. [ Correct : hanged ]
2. The workers fell no lesser than 200 trees within 6 hours. [ Correct : fewer ]
3. We advise him to marry his daughter as she had come to a marriagable age.
Correct: We advised him to get his daughter married as she had come to a marriagable age.

Some Confusing Verbs

Lie lied Lied
Lie lay layed
Lay lied Laid
Hold held Held ( grasp )
Held held Held ( organized something )
Fall fell Fallen
fell felled felled

In many lesser leaders were present in the function.[ Correct : means less important ]

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  1. its Layed not Laiyed ( 2nd row , 3rd column word in the section - some confusing verbs)

  2. Sir kindly plz u give me reply for my mail I am waiting sir......thanku

  3. thanku :)
    ma'm my exm z on dis saturday ( i.e 20th) do com up wid tricks for machine input output.. m struggling wid dat.. also , i hav some doubts from simple interest and compound interest.. will be posting it here very soon.. plzz suggest som shortcuts to solv doz qns..

  4. yes mam please post input output topic

  5. Thanks Raman sir

  6. Respected Sir/Madam,
    You forgot to put about was/were

  7. Raman sir..plz provide general science capsule for upcumng ssc xams

  8. Sir my email Id is

  9. Good news for all IBPS RRB Notification is released
    July 8 application start

    July 28 application closing day

  10. Present Notifications

    1) SSC
    2) LIC

  11. hi sir,
    please send to me also
    mail id :

    thnx in adv.


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