International Organizations - Headquarters, Chiefs and Purpose

List of important International Organizations with their headquarters, foundation years, heads and purpose.
Name Headquarters Heads Foundation Year No. of Members  Purpose

The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)

Beijing China

Secretary-General Rashid Alimov

15 June 2001

8 member states, 4 observer states, 6 dialogue partners, 4 guest attendances
A Eurasian political, economic, and security alliance for cooperation in political affairs, economics and trade, scientific-technical, cultural, educational spheres and
safeguard regional peace.

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)

Jeddah Saudi Arabia

Secretary-General Yousef Al-Othaimeen

1969

57
To preserve Islamic social and economis values; promote solidarity amongst member states and increase cooperation in areas of development.

Organisation for Economic Cooperation Development (OECD) (formerly OEEC, Formed: 16 April 1948)

Paris, France

Secretary General Jose Angel Gurria

Reformed Sep. 1961

36
To stimulate economis growth and world trade by raising the standard of living in member countries and by coordinating aid to less developed countries.

Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

Vienna

Secretary General HE Mohammad Sanusi Barkindo

Sept 1960

15
To unify the petroleum policies of its Member Countries and ensure the stabilization of oil markets to secure regular supply of petroleum to consumers, a steady income to producers and a fair return on capital for those investing in the petroleum industry.

Organisation of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC)

Kuwait

Secretary General Abbas Ali Al-Naqi

1968

10
Organise cooperation in oil development and regional integration, provide legitimate means to preserve the members’ individual and collective interest within the industry and provide access to consumer markets on fair and reasonable terms.

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)

Brussels Belgium

Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg

4 April 1949

29 states (intergovernmental military alliance for collective defence).
Mutual defence in response to an attack by any external party.

New Development Bank (NDB)

Shanghai, China

President K.V. Kamath

July 2014

Established by BRICS (5)
To contribute to development plans established nationally through projects that are socially, environmentally and economically sustainable.

The International Air Transport Association (IATA)

Montreal, Canada

Director General alexander de Junia

1945

International and domestic airlines.
To promote safe, regular and economical air transport and to provide a forum for collaboration.

Group of Twenty
(G20)



26 Sept 1999

20
To bring together industrialized and developing economies to discuss key issues in the global economy and promote international financial stability.

Group of 24
(G-24)



1971

A chapter of the G-77.
To coordinate the positions of developing countries on international monetary and development finance issues and to ensure that their interests were adequately represented in negotiations on international monetary matters. Every member of the G-24, except for Mexico, is also a member of the G77.

Group of 77


Chairmanship Palestine Jan. 2019

15 June 1964

134
To promote collective economic interest and increase negotiating capacity in UN.

Group of Seven
(G7, earliar G8)



1973

7
To tackle global challenges through discussion and action with no headquarters, budget or permanent staff.

Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)

Riyadh, Saudi
Arabia

Secretary General Bahrain A. bin Rashid Al Zayani Supreme Council Presidency: Kuwait

25 May 1981

6
To boost economic cooperation between members and, through collective security, to guard against any threat from neighbouring states and from Islamic terrorism.

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

Minsk Russia

Secretary General Alexey Sergeev

1991

9 member states and 1 associate state
Military and Economic alliance and to reach a supranational union.
Also called the Russian Commonwealth; was established through Belavezha Accords (1991) and subsequent the Alma-Ata Protocol (1991) and Free Trade Area agreement (2012).
BRICS Shanghai
2009 5 To achieve regional economic growth and work as a bridge between the developed and developing countries.
The Arab League
Al Tahrir Sq., Cairo, Egypt

Sec. General Ahmed Aboul Gheit

22.03.1945

22
To strengthen interest, independence and sovereignity of Arab member-states
African Union
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Chairman Alpha Conde

26.05.2001

55 countries on the African continent.
To strengthen ties between African countries and safeguards their independence.
Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
Beijing, China

Beijing, China

25.12.2015

86
It is an international multilateral development institution to provide finance to infrastructure projects in the Asia region.
The Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)
Jakarta, Indonesia

Sec.- General: Le Luong Minh

08.08.1967

10
To accelerate economic progress and maintain the economic stability of SE Asia.
International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
Lyon, France
Sec-General: Jurgen Stock, President: Kim Jong yang,
7 September, 1923

192
Motto: Connecting Police for a safer world

World Bank

Washington D.C. (U.S.A.)

Jim Yong Kim

July, 1944

189
Crediting, Working for a world free of Poverty
IBRD
Washington D.C. (U.S.A.)

Jim Yong Kim

1944

189
Development Assistance, Poverty Reduction
ICSID (International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes) Washington D.C. (U.S.A.) Jim Yong Kim 1957 (But operating starts in 1966) 159 International Arbitration
International Finance Corporation (IFC) Washington D.C. (U.S.A.) Philippe Le Houérou 24 July, 1956 184 Private Sector Development, Poverty Reduction
Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) Washington D.C. (U.S.A.) Keiko Honda 1988 181 Political Risk Insurance, Foreign Direct Investment
World Trade Organization (WTO) Geneva, Switzerland Roberto Azevedo 1 January, 1995 164 Regulate International Trade
International Monetary Fund (IMF) Washington D.C. (U.S.A.) Christine Lagarde 27 December, 1945 189 To promotes international economic cooperation
Bank for International Settlements (BIS) Basel, Switzerland Jaime Caruana 17 May, 1930 60 Central Banks To provide banking services to central banks and other international organizations. (fosters international monetary and financialcooperation)

Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Metro Manila, Philippines Takehiko Nakao 22 August, 1966 67 Crediting, ADB launched the Asian Development Fund (ADF) with a view to providing concessional credits to needy members.
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Geneva Switzerland Francis Gurry 14 July, 1967 188 To promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world
World Health Organization (WHO)
Geneva Switzerland

Margaret Chan

7 April, 1948

193
Health For All
International Labour Organization (ILO)
Geneva Switzerland

Guy Ryder

1919

186
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
Rome, Italy

Kanayo F. Nwanze

1977

173
Enabling the Rural Poor to Overcome Poverty
UNICEF
New York

Anthony Lake

11-Dec-1946

191
To provide food and healthcare to children of those countries which devastated by world war II.
UN International Training and Research Center (UNITAR)
Geneva Switzerland

Nikhil Seth

1963

--
To achieve the major objectives of UN through training and research
UN Environmental Program (UNEP)
Nairobi, Kenya

Achim Steiner

5 June, 1972

193
Protect our environment and conserve our future
UN Development Program (UNDP)
New York

Helen Clark

1965

166
Overall development
UN Capital Development Fund (UNCDF)
New York

Reuben Summerlin

1966

For 48 least developed countries
Eradicate extreme hunger poverty, Promotes equality, Ensures Environment Sustainability
International Cricket Council Dubai, United Arab Emirates Zaheer Abbas
15 June, 1909

125
Great Sport, Great Spirit
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
(NATO)
Brussels, Belgium Petr Pavel 4 April, 1949 28 A mind unfettered in deliberation
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Vienna Yukiya Amano 1957 170 To promote peaceful Energy uses of atomic energy
United Nations Conference on Trade & Development (UNCTAD) Geneva MukhisaKituyi 1964 195 Promote international trade to accelerate economic growth of developing countries
United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) Geneva Li Yong 1967 - Sets international regulations for radio, telegraph, telephone and space radio communication
World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Geneva David Grimes 1950 185 Promote international exchange of weather reports.
Organization for the prohibition of Chemical Weapons
Hague

Ahmet Üzümcü

1997

192
Implementing body for the Chemical Weapons Convention, which entered into force on 29 April 1997.
FIFA (Federation International de Football Association) Zurich Gianni
1904

47
Its goal is contant improvement in Football
International Olympic Committee
Lausanne

Thomas Bach

1894

138
To develop, promote and protect the Olympic Movement in their home countries.
International Court of Justice
Hague

Ronny Abraham

1945

15
functions: To settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted by States, and. To give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized UN organs
Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation
Singapore

Dr. Alan Bollard

1989

23
To further enhance economic growth and prosperity for the region and to strengthen the Asia-Pacific community
SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation)
Kathmandu

Arjun Bahadur Thapa

1985

8 members 9 observers
To promote the welfare of the peoples of South Asia, strengthen collective self-reliance, promote active collaboration
Commonwealth of Nations
London

Queen Elizabeth II

1960

53 members
To advance economics, social development, and human rights in member countries.

Non-governmental Organisations

Name Headquarter Head Established
1. Amnesty International (AI) London, UK Secretary General Kumi Naidoo July 1961
Membership: 7 million members and supporters.
Aims: Legal advocacy, Media attention, direct-appeal campaigns, research, lobbying.
2. The International Committee Red Cross (ICRC) Geneva Switzerland President: Peter Maurer 17.02.1863
Membership: Signatory State parties to Genva Conventions (1949) and Additional Protocols (Protocol I, Protocol II) of 1977 and 2005 and 25-member committee.
Aims: Protecting victims of conflicts.
3. International Red Cross and Red Cresent Movement Geneva Switzerland President: Fransceso Rocca Secretary General: Eljadj As Sy
Membership: 17 million volunteers, members and staff worldwide.
Aims: To protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering.
4. Greenpeace International Amsterdam Exe. Dir.: Bunny Mc Diarmid and Jennifer Morgan 1971
Aims: Environmentalism and Peace.
Download PDF
bankexamstoday-banner

Smart Prep Kit for Banking Exams by Ramandeep Singh - Download here


Join 40,000+ readers and get free notes in your email

0 comments:

Post a Comment

Thanks for commenting. Follow us on Telegram. Search BankExamsToday