International Organizations - Headquarters,Chiefs

Published on Friday, June 25, 2021
List of important International Organizations with their headquarters, foundation years, heads and purpose.
Name Headquarters Heads Foundation Year No. of Members  Purpose
The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Beijing China Secretary- Vladimir Norov 15 June 2001 8 member states, 4 observer states, 6 dialogue partners, 4 guest attendances A Eurasian political, economic, and security alliance for cooperation in political affairs, economics and trade, scientific-technical, cultural, educational spheres and safeguard regional peace.
The organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Jeddah Saudi Arabia Secretary-General Yousef Al-Othaimeen 1969 57 members states To preserve Islamic social and economic values; promote solidarity amongst member states and increase cooperation in areas of development.
Organisation for Economic Cooperation Development (OECD) (formerly OEEC, Formed: 16 April 1948) Paris, France Secretary-General Mathias Cormann Reformed Sep. 1961 38 To stimulate economic growth and world trade by raising the standard of living in member countries and by coordinating aid to less developed countries.
Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Vienna Secretary-General HE Mohammad Sanusi Barkindo Sept 1960 13 To unify the petroleum policies of its Member Countries and ensure the stabilization of oil markets to secure a regular supply of petroleum to consumers, a steady income to producers and a fair return on capital for those investing in the petroleum industry.
Organisation of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC) Kuwait Secretary-General Abbas Ali Al-Naqi 1968 11 Organise cooperation in oil development and regional integration, provide legitimate means to preserve the members’ individual and collective interest within the industry and provide access to consumer markets on fair and reasonable terms.
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) Brussels Belgium Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg 4 April 1949 30 states (intergovernmental military alliance for collective defence). Mutual defence in response to an attack by any external party.
New Development Bank (NDB) Shanghai, China President: Marcos Prado Troyjo July 2014 Established by BRICS (5) To contribute to development plans established nationally through projects that are socially, environmentally and economically sustainable.
The International Air Transport Association (IATA) Montreal, Canada Director-General Willie Walsh 1945 290 airlines in 120 countries To promote safe, regular and economical air transport and to provide a forum for collaboration.
Group of Twenty (G20) Cancún, Mexico Chairman – Mario Draghi 26 Sept 1999 20 To bring together industrialized and developing economies to discuss key issues in the global economy and promote international financial stability.
Group of 24 (G-24) Washington, D.C., United States Chairman- Ken Ofori-Atta 1971 29 Member States To coordinate the positions of developing countries on international monetary and development finance issues and to ensure that their interests were adequately represented in negotiations on international monetary matters. Every member of the G-24, except for Mexico, is also a member of the G77.
Group of 77 New York, New York, United States The Co-operative Republic of Guyana 15 June 1964 134 To promote collective economic interest and increase negotiating capacity in UN.
Group of Seven (G7, earlier G8) -- -- 1973 7 To tackle global challenges through discussion and action with no headquarters, budget or permanent staff.
Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Secretary General - Nayef bin Falah Al-Hajraf Supreme Council Presidency: Kuwait 25 May 1981 6 To boost economic cooperation between members and, through collective security, to guard against any threat from neighbouring states and from Islamic terrorism.
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) Minsk Russia Executive Secretary - Sergey Lebedev 1991 9 member states, 1 associate state and 2 observer states Military and Economic alliance and to reach a supranational union. Also called the Russian Commonwealth; was established through Belavezha Accords (1991) and subsequent the Alma-Ata Protocol (1991) and Free Trade Area agreement (2012).
BRICS Shanghai Head - Marcos Prado Troyjo 2009 5 To achieve regional economic growth and work as a bridge between the developed and developing countries.
The Arab League Al Tahrir Sq., Cairo, Egypt Sec. General Ahmed Aboul Gheit 22.03.1945 22 To strengthen interest, independence and sovereignity of Arab member-states
African Union Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Chairman- Félix Tshisekedi 26.05.2001 55 countries on the African continent. To strengthen ties between African countries and safeguards their independence.
Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) Beijing, China President - Jin Liqun 25.12.2015 103 members It is an international multilateral development institution to provide finance to infrastructure projects in the Asia region.
The Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Jakarta, Indonesia Sec.- General: Lim Jock Hoi 08.08.1967 10 members and 2 observers To accelerate economic progress and maintain the economic stability of SE Asia.
International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) Lyon, France Sec-General: Jurgen Stock, President: Kim Jong-yang, 7 September 1923 194 Motto: Connecting Police for a safer world
World Bank Washington D.C. (U.S.A.) President: David Malpass July 1944 189 countries (IBRD) and 173 countries (IDA) Crediting, Working for a world free of Poverty
IBRD Washington D.C. (U.S.A.) President: David Malpass 1944 189 Development Assistance, Poverty Reduction
ICSID (International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes) Washington D.C. (U.S.A.) Sec. Gen: Meg Kinnear 1957 (But operating starts in 1966) 163 countries (signatory and contracting states)
154 countries(contracting states only)
International Arbitration
International Finance Corporation (IFC) Washington D.C. (U.S.A.) Head - Makhtar Diop 24 July 1956 184 Private Sector Development, Poverty Reduction
Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) Washington D.C. (U.S.A.) Executive Vice President - Hiroshi Matano 1988 181 Political Risk Insurance, Foreign Direct Investment
World Trade Organization (WTO) Geneva, Switzerland Director General - Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala 1 January 1995 164 Regulate International Trade
International Monetary Fund (IMF) Washington D.C. (U.S.A.) Managing Director (MD) and Chairwoman - Kristalina Georgieva 27 December 1945 190 countries (189 UN countries and Kosovo) To promotes international economic cooperation
Bank for International Settlements (BIS) Basel, Switzerland General Manager – Agustin carstens 17 May 1930 62 Central Banks To provide banking services to central banks and other international organizations. (fosters international monetary and financial cooperation)
Asian Development Bank (ADB) Metro Manila, Philippines President - Masatsugu Asakawa 22 August, 1966 68 Crediting, ADB launched the Asian Development Fund (ADF) with a view to providing concessional credits to needy members.
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Geneva Switzerland Director General - Daren Tang 14 July, 1967 193 To promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world
World Health Organization (WHO) Geneva Switzerland Director General - Tedros Adhanom 7 April, 1948 194 Health For All
International Labour Organization (ILO) Geneva Switzerland Director General - Guy Ryder 1919 186
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) Rome, Italy President - Gilbert Houngbo 1977 177 Enabling the Rural Poor to Overcome Poverty
UNICEF New York Henrietta H. Fore 11-Dec-1946 191 To provide food and healthcare to children of those countries devastated by world war II.
UN International Training and Research Center (UNITAR) Geneva Switzerland Executive Director - Nikhil Seth 1963 -- To achieve the major objectives of UN through training and research
UN Environmental Program (UNEP) Nairobi, Kenya Inger Andersen  5 June, 1972 193 Protect our environment and conserve our future
UN Development Program (UNDP) New York Achim Steiner 1965 177 Overall development
UN Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) New York Preeti Sinha 1966 For 46 least developed countries Eradicate extreme hunger poverty, Promotes equality, Ensures Environment Sustainability
International Cricket Council Dubai, United Arab Emirates Chairman - Greg Barclay 15 June 1909 105 Great Sport, Great Spirit
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Brussels, Belgium Jens Stoltenberg 4 April 1949 30 A mind unfettered in deliberation
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Vienna Rafael Grossi 1957 173 To promote peaceful Energy uses of atomic energy
United Nations Conference on Trade & Development (UNCTAD) Geneva Secretary-General
Rebeca Grynspan
1964 195 Promote international trade to accelerate the economic growth of developing countries
United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) Vienna, Austria Li Yong 1966 170 Sets international regulations for radio, telegraph, telephone and space radio communication
World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Geneva Gerhard Adrian 1950 193 Promote international exchange of weather reports.
World Hindu Economic Forum (WHEF) Delhi Shri Swami Vigyananand 2010 -- To bring together eminent Hindu intellectuals and businesses for the purposes of collaboration
Organization for the prohibition of Chemical Weapons Hague Fernando Arias 1997 193 Implementing body for the Chemical Weapons Convention, which entered into force on 29 April 1997.
Food & Agricultural Organization (FAO) Rome, Italy Director-General - Qu Dongyu 1945 197 To defeat hunger and improve nutrition and food security.
FIFA (Federation International de Football Association) Zurich Gianni Infantino 1904 211 Its goal is constant improvement in Football
International Olympic Committee Lausanne Thomas Bach 1894 105 active members, 45 honorary members, 2 honour members (Senegal and United States), 206 individual National Olympic Committees To develop, promote and protect the Olympic Movement in their home countries.
International Court of Justice Hague President - Joan Donoghue 1945 15 functions: To settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted by States, and. To give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized UN organs
Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Singapore Executive Director - Rebecca Fatima Sta Maria 1989 21 To further enhance economic growth and prosperity for the region and to strengthen the Asia-Pacific community
SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) Kathmandu Sec. Gen: Esala Ruwan Weerakoon 1985 8 members 9 observers To promote the welfare of the peoples of South Asia, strengthen collective self-reliance, promote active collaboration
Commonwealth of Nations London Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 1960 54 members To advance economics, social development, and human rights in member countries.

Non-governmental Organisations

Name Headquarter Head Established
1. Amnesty International (AI) London, UK Secretary-General Agnes Callamard July 1961
Membership: 7 million members and supporters.
Aims: Legal advocacy, Media attention, direct-appeal campaigns, research, lobbying.
2. The International Committee Red Cross (ICRC) Geneva Switzerland President: Peter Maurer 17.02.1863
Membership: Signatory State parties to Genva Conventions (1949) and Additional Protocols (Protocol I, Protocol II) of 1977 and 2005 and 25-member committee.
Aims: Protecting victims of conflicts.
3. International Red Cross and Red Cresent Movement Geneva Switzerland President: Fransceso Rocca Secretary General: Eljadj As Sy
Membership: 17 million volunteers, members and staff worldwide.
Aims: To protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering.
4. Greenpeace International Amsterdam Exe. Dir.: Jennifer Morgan 1971
Aims: Environmentalism and Peace.
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