UNESCO World Heritage Sites In India

UNESCO

For all upcoming Banking exams static GK will play very crucial role.Hence here we are discussing one of the important part of static GK i.e. UNESCO World Heritage Sites In India.

Background of UNESCO

  • The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) which is based in Paris, France.UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs education, natural sciences, social/human sciences,culture, and communication/information. UNESCO has 195 member states and nine associate members.As of now there are 32 world Heritage sites in India.25 cultural sites and 7 natural sites.

Cultural Sites

Sr. No. Name Of The Site State
01 Ajanta Caves (1983) Maharashtra
02 Ellora Caves (1983) Maharashtra
03 Agra Fort (1983) Uttar Pradesh
04 Taj Mahal (1983) Uttar Pradesh
05 Sun Temple, Konarak (1984) Odisha
06 Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram (1984) Tamil Nadu
07 Churches and Convents of Goa (1986) Goa
08 Group of Temples, Pattadakal (1987) Karnataka
09 Group of Monuments, Fatehpur Sikri (1986) Uttar Pradesh
10 Group of Temples, Khajuraho (1986) Madhya Pradesh
11 Group of Monuments at Hampi (1986) Karnataka
12 Elephanta Caves ( 1987) Maharashtra
13 Great Living Chola temples at Thanjavur, Gangaikondacholapuram and Darasuram (1987 & 2004) Tamil Nadu
14 Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989) Madhya Pradesh
15 Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi (1993) Delhi
16 Qutb Minar Complex, Delhi (1993) Delhi
17 Prehistoric Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003) Madhya Pradesh
18 Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park (2004) Gujrat
19 Red Fort Complex, Delhi (2007) Delhi
20 Hill Forts of Rajasthan (Chittaurgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Jaisalmer and Ranthambhore, Amber and Gagron Forts) (2013)
Note: Amber and Gagron Forts are under protection of Rajasthan State Archaeology and Museums
Rajasthan
21 Rani ki Vav (2014) Gujrat
22 Mountain Railway of India (Darjeeling,1999), Nilgiri (2005), Kalka-Shimla(2008) West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh
23 Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (2004) Maharashtra
24 Mahabodhi Temple, Bodhgaya (2002) Bihar
25 Jantar Mantar, Jaipur (2010) Rajasthan
26 Archaeological sites of Nalanda Mahavihara at NalandaBihar
27 Architectural work of Le CorbusierChandigarh

Natural Sites

Sr. No. Name Of The Site State
28 Kaziranga National Park (1985) Assam
29 Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (1985) Assam
30 Keoladeo National Park (1985) Rajasthan
31 Sunderban National Park (1987) West Bengal
32 Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks (1988, 2005) Uttarakhand
33 Western Ghats (2012) Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra,Tamil Nadu
34 Great Himalayan National Park (2014) Himachal Pradesh
35 Khangchendzonga National ParkSikkim

Mountain Railways of India are:

  1. Kalka–Shimla Railway,
  2. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (DHR),
  3. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, in Tamilnadu, and
  4. Matheran Hill Railway, a heritage railway in Maharashtra.
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