UNESCO World Heritage Sites In India

UNESCO

For all upcoming Banking exams static GK will play very crucial role.Hence here we are discussing one of the important part of static GK i.e. UNESCO World Heritage Sites In India.

Background of UNESCO

  • The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) which is based in Paris, France.UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs education, natural sciences, social/human sciences,culture, and communication/information. UNESCO has 195 member states and nine associate members.As of now there are 38 world Heritage sites in India. 30 cultural sites and 8 natural sites.

    Cultural Sites

    Sr. No. Name Of The Site State
    01 Ajanta Caves (1983) Maharashtra
    02 Ellora Caves (1983) Maharashtra
    03 Agra Fort (1983) Uttar Pradesh
    04 Taj Mahal (1983) Uttar Pradesh
    05 Sun Temple, Konarak (1984) Odisha
    06 Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram (1984) Tamil Nadu
    07 Churches and Convents of Goa (1986) Goa
    08 Group of Temples, Pattadakal (1987) Karnataka
    09 Group of Monuments, Fatehpur Sikri (1986) Uttar Pradesh
    10 Group of Temples, Khajuraho (1986) Madhya Pradesh
    11 Group of Monuments at Hampi (1986) Karnataka
    12 Elephanta Caves ( 1987) Maharashtra
    13 Great Living Chola temples at Thanjavur, Gangaikondacholapuram and Darasuram (1987 & 2004) Tamil Nadu
    14 Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989) Madhya Pradesh
    15 Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi (1993) Delhi
    16 Qutb Minar Complex, Delhi (1993) Delhi
    17 Prehistoric Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003) Madhya Pradesh
    18 Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park (2004) Gujrat
    19 Red Fort Complex, Delhi (2007) Delhi
    20 Hill Forts of Rajasthan (Chittaurgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Jaisalmer and Ranthambhore, Amber and Gagron Forts) (2013)
    Note: Amber and Gagron Forts are under protection of Rajasthan State Archaeology and Museums
    Rajasthan
    21 Rani ki Vav (2014) Gujrat
    22 Mountain Railway of India (Darjeeling,1999), Nilgiri (2005), Kalka-Shimla(2008) West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh
    23 Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (2004) Maharashtra
    24 Mahabodhi Temple, Bodhgaya (2002) Bihar
    25 Jantar Mantar, Jaipur (2010) Rajasthan
    26 Archaeological sites of Nalanda Mahavihara at Nalanda (2016)Bihar
    27 Architectural work of Le Corbusier (2016)Chandigarh
    28Historic City of Ahmedabad (2017)Gujarat
    29The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai (2018)Maharashtra
    30Jaipur (Pink City) (2019)Rajasthan

    Natural Sites

    Sr. No. Name Of The Site State
    31 Kaziranga National Park (1985) Assam
    32 Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (1985) Assam
    33 Keoladeo National Park (1985) Rajasthan
    34 Sunderban National Park (1987) West Bengal
    35 Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks (1988, 2005) Uttarakhand
    36 Western Ghats (2012) Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra,Tamil Nadu
    37 Great Himalayan National Park (2014) Himachal Pradesh
    38 Khangchendzonga National Park (2016)Sikkim

    Mountain Railways of India are:

    1. Kalka–Shimla Railway,
    2. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (DHR),
    3. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, in Tamilnadu, and
    4. Matheran Hill Railway, a heritage railway in Maharashtra.
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