Highlights of UNESCO's World Heritage Committee Session 2019

Highlights of UNESCO's World Heritage Committee Session 2019

Edition
43rd annual session
Held at
Azerbaijan, Baku
Held on
30 June 2019 to 10 July 2019
New Heritage sites
29
From India
Jaipur City, Rajasthan
Total properties in list
1121

UNESCO:

  • UNESCO i.e. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialised agency of United Nations.
  • It was formed on 4 November 1946
  • It is headquartered in Paris, France.
  • The aim of UNESCO is to eradicate poverty, build peace and to work towards sustainable development through its work in education, science and culture.

World Heritage Sites:

  • World Heritage sites are the areas selected by UNESCO according to their cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance.

Types of Heritage sites:

  • Based on their significance, the World heritage sites are categorized into three types –
    • Cultural Site
    • Natural Site
    • Mixed Site
  • Among the 1121 properties in the World heritage list, 869 sites are categorized as Cultural Sites, 213 sites are categorized as Natural Sites and the remaining 39 sites are grouped under Mixed Sites.

'World Heritage in Danger' List:

  • This list is designed to inform about the conditions that threaten the properties of the heritage site, which was inscribed on the World heritage sites list and to prompt for corrective action of the corresponding site. In the 43rd session of the World Heritage Committee 2019, 53 properties are included in the List of World Heritage in danger.
  • Inscribing a site on the 'List of World Heritage in Danger' allows the World Heritage Committee to allocate immediate assistance from the 'World Heritage Fund' to the endangered site.

Indian Properties in the List:

  • There are 38 properties in the World Heritage list from India. Out of these 36 sites, 30 sites belong to Cultural category, 7 sites belong to Natural category and 1 site belongs to the Mixed category.
  • This year, the Pink city – Jaipur has been inscribed in the list of world heritage sites from India.
  • The list of all the Indian Properties is as follows. (The Year of inscription of the property is shown in the bracket).

Cultural (30 Sites)

  1. Agra Fort (1983)
  2. Ajanta Caves (1983)
  3. Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara at Nalanda, Bihar (2016)
  4. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989)
  5. Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park (2004)
  6. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) (2004)
  7. Churches and Convents of Goa (1986)
  8. Elephanta Caves (1987)
  9. Ellora Caves (1983)
  10. Fatehpur Sikri (1986)
  11. Great Living Chola Temples (1987,2004)
  12. Group of Monuments at Hampi (1986)
  13. Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram (1984)
  14. Group of Monuments at Pattadakal (1987)
  15. Hill Forts of Rajasthan (2013)
  16. Historic City of Ahmadabad (2017)
  17. Humayun's Tomb, Delhi (1993)
  18. Jaipur City, Rajasthan (2019) (NEW)
  19. Khajuraho Group of Monuments (1986)
  20. Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya (2002)
  21. Mountain Railways of India (1999,2005,2008)
  22. Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi (1993)
  23. Rani-ki-Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan, Gujarat (2014)
  24. Red Fort Complex (2007)
  25. Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003)
  26. Sun Temple, Konârak (1984)
  27. Taj Mahal (1983)
  28. The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement (2016)
  29. The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur (2010)
  30. Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai (2018)

Natural (7 sites)

  • Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area (2014)
  • Kaziranga National Park (1985)
  • Keoladeo National Park (1985)
  • Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (1985)
  • Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks (1988,2005)
  • Sundarbans National Park (1987)
  • Western Ghats (2012)

Mixed (1 site)

  • Khangchendzonga National Park (2016)

Quick Fact- 

  • The 44th session of the World Heritage Committee 2020 will be held in Fuzhou, Fujian province of China.
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