Adhar Card Act 2016: All You Need To Know

aadhar card act

INTRODUCTION

  • Aadhar card is given to every citizen of India 
  • It enables as identity proof of the individual
  • It came into effect from 2016 

AADHAR CARD DETAILS

  • Aadhar number means an identification number issued to an individual 
  • Aadhar number holder means an individual who has been issued an Aadhar number under this act 
  • Authentication means the process by which the Aadhar number along with demographic information or biometric information of an individual is submitted to the Central Identities Data Repository 
  • Authority is given to the Unique Identification Authority of India 
  • The biometric information submitted are photograph, finger print, Iris scan 
  • The enrolment process is given to enrolling agency to collect demographic and biometric information of individuals 

ENROLLMENT

  • Every Indian shall be entitled to obtain an Aadhar number submitting his demographic information and biometric information by undergoing the process of enrolment 
  • An Aadhar number ,issued to an individual shall not be re-assigned to any other individual 
  • An Aadhar number should be a random number and should not bear no relation to the attributes or identity of the Aadhar number holder 

UNIQUE IDENTIFICATION AUTHORITY OF INDIA

  • The central government established an Authority to be known as the Unique Identification Authority of India to be responsible for the processes of enrolment and authentication and perform such other functions assigned to it under this act. 
  • The head office of the authority is in New Delhi 
  • The Authority may with prior approval of the central government, establish its offices at other places in India. 

GRANTS, ACCOUNTS AND AUDIT AND ANNUAL REPORT

  • The Central Government after due law passed in the parliament grant a sum of money to be utilised for the purpose of this act 
  • The fees or revenue collected by the authority shall be credited to the Consolidated fund of India 

PROTECTION OF INFORMATION

  • The authority shall ensure the security of identity information and authentication records of individuals 
  • The authority shall take all necessary measures to ensure that the information in the procession or control of the authority, including information stored in the central Identities Data Repository, is secured and protected against access, use or disclosure not permitted under this act or regulations made under. 

OFFENSES AND PENALTIES

  • Whoever impersonates or tries to impersonate other persons, whether dead or alive, real or imaginary by providing any false demographic information or biometric information shall be punishable for imprisonment for a term which shall be extended to three years 
  • Whoever with intention of causing harm or mischief to an Aadhar number holder shall also be punishable for imprisonment for a term which shall be extended to three years 
  • If an offence is committed for which no penalty is specified , the person concerned shall be punished with imprisonment up to 1 year or fine up to Rs 25000 or Rs 1 lakh or both 
  • The Aadhar act is the key to the ambitious financial inclusion programme of the government. The act empowers Aadhar with legal backing for the purpose of transferring subsidies and other welfare services to beneficiaries through designated bank accounts. 
Banks can also use Aadhar number as identity proof, which will help them weed out fake Jan Dan accounts.

Criteria
2016
2010
ELIGIBILITY
Any person resided in India for 182 days is entitled to have Aadhar
Any person residing in India is entitled for Aadhar
IDENTIFICATION
Any private or public organisation can use Aadhar number for verification of individual’s identity
No such provision
MAINTENANCE OF DATA BY UIDAI
The identity of information to be maintained is not clearly maintained

The kinds of biometric information and a mention of photograph was not specified
CONSTRAINTS ON INFORMATION SHARING
Biometric information of individuals cannot be given , except for regulatory purposes
No such Provision
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