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Logical Deductions – The power of Mother Tongue!

Published on Friday, October 17, 2014
In IBPS and SBI Associates PO, going by the current paper patterns, four chapters from Logical Verbal Reasoning hold the key to success; and today we’re going to take an interesting take on them – in our mother tongue!

Topics in consideration for today are

  • Statements and Arguments
  • Statements and Assumptions
  • Course of Action
  • Cause and Effect
The problem with these chapters is that these sound so easy, and the questions that in exams are of a more difficult and challenging level.

In Bank PO exams these questions are crucial, if you get them right, you easily could score 35+, because all of us, I’m sure are experts in puzzles, seating arrangements, syllogisms etc.!

This is the area we need to concentrate on and achieve perfection. This will get us across the coveted cut-off line!

Please note that this is not a tutorial; I’m just sharing some personal study tips to help with revision for the ongoing IBPS PO and the upcoming SBI Associates PO.

Before we start, I would like to share with you my personal way of dealing with these questions.

It’s a fact that our mind thinks in the language we are most comfortable in – our mother tongue. Our mother tongue is the language we hear since our birth, it gets embedded in a growing child’s brain; it becomes a part of our thought process. That is why when out of fear we shout out – it is always in our mother tongue!

Why don’t we help ourselves, by helping our mind solve the logical reasoning questions in the language it is most comfortable in – whenever there’s a question which requires you to bend your mind – use mummy wala language!

So, first topic of the order – 

Statements and Arguments

We know what are statements and we also know what are arguments. Problem arises when we need to identify whether an argument is ‘weak’ or ‘strong’.

Strong arguments are those which are directly related to the given statement and are ‘important’. When I say important, I mean to say, if the statement is a problem, then the strong argument should have a logical, practical and real-world solution.

Weak arguments are those which have no or less important connection to the problem given in the statement; or which are not at all or not directly related to the statement.

When you read a particular statement, such as, ‘There should be complete ban on Indian professionals seeking employment elsewhere after getting their education in India.’

Immediately identify the core idea in you mom’s language – ‘Indian professionals ke bahar jaane pe ban, Indian education ke baad.’ Accha, ok!

So, if they ask to identify out of the given option, which will be a strong argument – then we will chose that option which justifies the statement that there should be a ban; ‘yes, bahar jaane se rokna chahiye, indian economy ke liye accha hoga…etc…etc..

If they ask which will be a weak argument, we’ll identify the option that does not justify the statement given; India ke log India mein rehne chahiye…iska kya matlab hua..iska koi tukk nahin hai’!!

I hope you’re getting what I am trying to say. Translate the statements and arguments in your language and try to clear your confusion.

Statements and Assumptions

In this particular type, I always ask myself a question after reading the statement, “Isse kya matlab niklta hai?

That gives me the ‘idea inherent or given in the statement, which we are supposed to take for granted’. In other words ‘assumption’ is something which should be easily understood from reading the statement.

Next, when I read the options given, I again ask myself, ‘is this the normal, taken for granted meaning?’ I get my answers in ‘yes or no’, and problem stands easily solved!

Statements and Courses of Action

This is the favorite topic of most of you I’m sure! ‘Kya karma chahiye?

Yes, you are right!

But the course of action should be:
(i) logical,
(ii) practical,
(iii) aimed at improving the current situation,
(iv) nothing drastic, severe, extreme or harsh,
(v) and objective, i.e., your course of action should not be your personal point of view!!!

Thus, we might ask, ‘kya karna sahi hoga’!

Cause and Effect Reasoning

Is it a cause or an effect!? Are these independent causes or independent effects!?

To identify whether a statement is a cause, I ask myself the question, “Is this making something happen?

To identify the effect, I ask, “Has this happened because of something?

To see if there is a connection between the two given statements, ask “Is this effect happening due to this cause?”

And, if you find that both are effects, you need ask, “Are these both happening due to one single event or separate events?

All of these are mere tips and tricks to aid you in your revision; but tips and tricks are not a substitute to age old advice of our mothers – practice!

Keep practicing, solving as many as sums of these four types as you can, you’ll see, you’ll develop your own style and trick of solving and then you’ll never go wrong in these type of questions!

I hope this was helpful.

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ramandeep singh

Ramandeep Singh is a seasoned educator and banking exam expert at BankExamsToday. With a passion for simplifying complex concepts, he has been instrumental in helping numerous aspirants achieve their banking career goals. His expertise and dedication make him a trusted guide in the journey to banking success.

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