Nouns - English Grammar Notes

In the series of sharing English Grammar notes, Today I am sharing notes for Noun.

Types:

  • Proper Noun     : Name of specific person, place or thing.
  • Common Noun : Name of common things like  boys,chair,girls etc.
  • Collective Noun:Collection of some persons or things and represented as a singular noun.                                     Ex: class , army , herd , flight etc.
  • Abstract Noun   :Whom we cannot touch like happiness, sadness etc.
  • Materialistic Noun: From whom some thing is comprised of known as materialistic Noun.

Further classifications are:

Rule No: 1.

Uncountable Nouns

          There are some rules which are uncountable nouns.
  • We cannot measure uncountable nouns. like  '2 informations' wrong phrase.
  • We always use singular verb with uncountable nouns.
  • Plural of these words does not exist.
Some examples of uncountable nouns are:

Hair                       Scenery            Information                     Mischief                 Stuff
Advice                   Poetry              Evidence                         Luggage                 Jewellery
Furniture                Bread               Wood                              Wages                    Money
Machinery             Crockery           Cash                                Help                      Clothing

Examples: 

  • Children are prone to making mischiefs if they have nothing to do.[Correct:mischief]
  • I saw beautiful sceneries in painting exhibition.[Correct:scenery]
  • I ate three breads today.[Correct:bread or three slices of bread]
  •  .She gave two jeweleries.[Correct:Jewellery or a piece of jewellery]

Rule No: 2

              There are some nouns which seem to be plural but are singular. 


Mathematics                     Statistics       Some Diseases:             Mesals               Mums                        
Physics                             Physics                                                Shingles             Rickets
Robotics                           Civics                                                  Diabetes
Mechanics                        Billiards       
Gymnastics     

News
Summons***
Innings
Series

Examples:
  • News is coming on tv.
  • The morale of the army was high the news coming from the front were very encouraging.
  • 1st innings is going on.[Correct:Inning]
  • A 5 match series is being played between India and Australia in Melbourne.

    Rule No: 3

                  There are some nouns which to be singular but exists in plural so use plural verb with it.
    Children                 Infantry
    Politry                    Police
    Gentry                    Cattle
    Brethren                 People   

     Examples:
    • There was no Gentry in function.[Correct:were]
    • Police has been deployed all over the route.[Correct:have]
    Gentry              : Group of Gentlemen
    Infantry(Troop):Collection of soldiers

    Rule No: 4

                There are some nouns which exists both in singular and plural form.Nature of verb depends upon sense of sentence and noun.
    Words:
    • Team
    • Committee
    • Audience
    • Jury
    • House
    Examples: 
    • Our team is the best team.
    • Our team are trying their new dresses today.
    • A committee is formed for the welfare of society. 
    • A committee were appointed for the welfare of society.

    Rule No: 5

                   There are some nouns which is to be plural , they also exist in form but cannot be converted into singular form.
    Note: Always use singular verb with them untill they specified numerial.

    scissors                      trousers                jeans                     pants,              shorts
    spectacles                  socks                    remains                 scales             pliers
    binoculars                  pincers                 pajamas                tights              tweezers
    thanks                        congratulations     earnings              wages             savings 
    contents

    Examples:
    • A pair of spectacles have be bought by me.[Correct:has]
    • He read the letter and made aware of its contents.[Correct:content]
    • All the evidences were against and he was held guilty.[Correct:evidence,was]

    Numerical Adjective Noun Case

           When in a sentence there is a numerical adjective with a noun,we cannot use the plural of that noun if after there is another noun.

    Examples: 

    Incorrect : He is a twenty years old boy.   [ In this sentence we cannot use  's' with 'year' because  after years there is a another noun 'boy'  ]                                                                              
    Correct:He is a twenty year old boy.
    • The boy is twenty years old.
    • Twenty kms are a long distance.[Correct:is]
    • He walked twenty kms.
    • Twenty kms walk is a long distance.[Correct;km]
    • The five members deligation will call on the president.

    Noun - Preposition - Noun Case

    Preposition: in,on,at,of,for,after,before,into,with,by,between,among,....etc
    Examples:

    • Rows upon Rows of pink marbles are to the eyes.[Correct:Row upon Row,is]

    Use of Apostrophe 's' : ('s)

            The Ram House of ram = Ram's house

    Rule 1

    1 Never use apostrophe with non-living like wood, table,chair etc.

    2. We can use (" 's ") with nouns which not come in the category of living and non-living.

    Ex:
    • America's Problems
    • Nature's law
    • A meter's length 
    • A Kg's sugar

    Examples:
    • Ram and sham's house
    • I visited John's and Marry's house twice but found the couple absent.                                                                                                                                                   [Correct:John and Marry's]
    • His wife's secretary's mother has died.
    In this sentence the structure of sentence is not correct.

    Correct:Mother of his wife's secretary has died.

    Rule:2

           Two apostrophe cannot come together in a single sentence.

    Rule: 3

    We can use ";" only with the words which are ended with 's'.
    Ex: Kalidas' work
    • He was late and entered the female compartment in hurry. [Correct:Women's or ladies']
    • We reached the fare and found that there was no place to stand.[Correct:room]


    Rules of English Grammar - Nouns – The Name Game ...

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