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Nouns - English Grammar Notes

Published on Monday, June 01, 2015
In the series of sharing English Grammar notes, Today I am sharing notes for Noun.


  • Proper Noun     : Name of specific person, place or thing.
  • Common Noun : Name of common things like  boys,chair,girls etc.
  • Collective Noun:Collection of some persons or things and represented as a singular noun.                                     Ex: class , army , herd , flight etc.
  • Abstract Noun   :Whom we cannot touch like happiness, sadness etc.
  • Materialistic Noun: From whom some thing is comprised of known as materialistic Noun.

Further classifications are:

Rule No: 1.

Uncountable Nouns

          There are some rules which are uncountable nouns.
  • We cannot measure uncountable nouns. like  '2 informations' wrong phrase.
  • We always use singular verb with uncountable nouns.
  • Plural of these words does not exist.
Some examples of uncountable nouns are:

Hair                       Scenery            Information                     Mischief                 Stuff
Advice                   Poetry              Evidence                         Luggage                 Jewellery
Furniture                Bread               Wood                              Wages                    Money
Machinery             Crockery           Cash                                Help                      Clothing


  • Children are prone to making mischiefs if they have nothing to do.[Correct:mischief]
  • I saw beautiful sceneries in painting exhibition.[Correct:scenery]
  • I ate three breads today.[Correct:bread or three slices of bread]
  •  .She gave two jeweleries.[Correct:Jewellery or a piece of jewellery]

Rule No: 2

              There are some nouns which seem to be plural but are singular. 

Mathematics                     Statistics       Some Diseases:             Mesals               Mums                        
Physics                             Physics                                                Shingles             Rickets
Robotics                           Civics                                                  Diabetes
Mechanics                        Billiards       


  • News is coming on tv.
  • The morale of the army was high the news coming from the front were very encouraging.
  • 1st innings is going on.[Correct:Inning]
  • A 5 match series is being played between India and Australia in Melbourne.

    Rule No: 3

                  There are some nouns which to be singular but exists in plural so use plural verb with it.
    Children                 Infantry
    Politry                    Police
    Gentry                    Cattle
    Brethren                 People   

    • There was no Gentry in function.[Correct:were]
    • Police has been deployed all over the route.[Correct:have]
    Gentry              : Group of Gentlemen
    Infantry(Troop):Collection of soldiers

    Rule No: 4

                There are some nouns which exists both in singular and plural form.Nature of verb depends upon sense of sentence and noun.
    • Team
    • Committee
    • Audience
    • Jury
    • House
    • Our team is the best team.
    • Our team are trying their new dresses today.
    • A committee is formed for the welfare of society. 
    • A committee were appointed for the welfare of society.

    Rule No: 5

                   There are some nouns which is to be plural , they also exist in form but cannot be converted into singular form.
    Note: Always use singular verb with them untill they specified numerial.

    scissors                      trousers                jeans                     pants,              shorts
    spectacles                  socks                    remains                 scales             pliers
    binoculars                  pincers                 pajamas                tights              tweezers
    thanks                        congratulations     earnings              wages             savings 

    • A pair of spectacles have be bought by me.[Correct:has]
    • He read the letter and made aware of its contents.[Correct:content]
    • All the evidences were against and he was held guilty.[Correct:evidence,was]

    Numerical Adjective Noun Case

           When in a sentence there is a numerical adjective with a noun,we cannot use the plural of that noun if after there is another noun.


    Incorrect : He is a twenty years old boy.   [ In this sentence we cannot use  's' with 'year' because  after years there is a another noun 'boy'  ]                                                                              
    Correct:He is a twenty year old boy.
    • The boy is twenty years old.
    • Twenty kms are a long distance.[Correct:is]
    • He walked twenty kms.
    • Twenty kms walk is a long distance.[Correct;km]
    • The five members deligation will call on the president.

    Noun - Preposition - Noun Case

    Preposition: in,on,at,of,for,after,before,into,with,by,between,among,....etc

    • Rows upon Rows of pink marbles are to the eyes.[Correct:Row upon Row,is]

    Use of Apostrophe 's' : ('s)

            The Ram House of ram = Ram's house

    Rule 1

    1 Never use apostrophe with non-living like wood, table,chair etc.

    2. We can use (" 's ") with nouns which not come in the category of living and non-living.

    • America's Problems
    • Nature's law
    • A meter's length 
    • A Kg's sugar

    • Ram and sham's house
    • I visited John's and Marry's house twice but found the couple absent.                                                                                                                                                   [Correct:John and Marry's]
    • His wife's secretary's mother has died.
    In this sentence the structure of sentence is not correct.

    Correct:Mother of his wife's secretary has died.


           Two apostrophe cannot come together in a single sentence.

    Rule: 3

    We can use ";" only with the words which are ended with 's'.
    Ex: Kalidas' work
    • He was late and entered the female compartment in hurry. [Correct:Women's or ladies']
    • We reached the fare and found that there was no place to stand.[Correct:room]

    Rules of English Grammar - Nouns – The Name Game ...

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