National Health Profile 2015

Sri J P Nadda, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare has released the National Health Profile (NHP)- 2015 on 22 September,2015, which has provide detailed information related to health sector.
  • NHP-2015 was prepared by Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI)
  • NHP-2015 is the 11th edition which came up with E-Book (digital version) of the annual document, prepared for the first time (step towards Digital India).
  • National Health Profile is being prepared by CBHI every year since 2005.

Objective :

It helps the policy makers of the government to understand the goals, their strengths & weaknesses and to make strategies for effective implementations of schemes.

NHP-2015 - 6 Key Indicators:

  • Demographic Indicators
  • Socio-Economic Indicators 
  • Health-Status Indicators
  • Health Finance Indicators
  • Health infrastructure
  • Human Resources in health sector

HIGHLIGHTS OF NHP-2015:

EXPENDITURE ON HEALTH

  • India's public spending on health, as a percentage of GDP, is one of the lowest among South-Asian Eastern countries and lowest among BRIC nations.
  • Kerala followed by Punjab spends maximum 'out of pocket' i.e maximum amount on medical facilities out of their own pockets. Kerala spend Rs.244 (rural) and Rs.275( urban) per capital per month while Punjab spend Rs.196(rural) and 197( urban) per capital per month.
  • Sikkim, Goa, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland have higher per capita expenditure on health while Bihar and Jharkhand spent the least.

HUMAN RESOURCES IN HEALTH SECTOR

  • Bihar and Maharashtra have worst doctor-patient ratio.11000 people are served by every government allopathic doctor.
  • India has 9.4 lakh allopathic doctors, 1.54 lakh dental surgeons and 7.37 lakh AYUSH(Ayurvedic, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and homoeopathy) doctors.
  • There is decline of number of qualified doctors registered with medical councils. The registered doctors in 2014 is 16000.
  • An estimated 61,000 people in India served by every government hospital, with one bed for every 1833 people.
  • In undivided Andhra Pradesh, over 3 lakh patients are served by every government hospital while Bihar have only one bed for every 8800 people.

COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

  • Pulmonary tuberculosis was the biggest communicable disease killer in India, caused 63000 deaths in 2014.
  • Delhi recorded with highest number of cases(1418) of Diptheria, with 60 deaths followed by Haryana.  *Diptheria is the bacterial infection affecting membranes of throat and nose.
  • Uttar Pradesh has been recorded with the highest number of cases of Acute Encephalitis Syndrome Cases, followed by Assam.
  • Despite 10 lakh cases of death, deaths of malaria cases are recorded down over 500 annually.
  • Dengue was recorded with 40000 cases in 2014, which caused death to 131 people.

NON- COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

  • There will be an increase of 19% in cancer among men and 23% in women by 2020 with mouth cancer among men and gall bladder cancer among women showing the sharpest increase.There will be 48% increase in prostate cancer, 31% increase in liver cancer and 22% increase in lung cancer.
  • Gujarat has the most diabetics in India, 161578 cases.
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