Computer Abbreviations for Bank Exams - Download PDF

3GP 3rd Generation Project
3GPP 3rd Generation Partnership Project
AAC Advanced Audio Coding
ACID Atomicity Consistency Isolation Durability
ADSL Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
AFAIK (as far as I know; email)
AGP Advanced Graphics Port
AI Artificial Intelligence
AIM AOL Instant Messenger
ALGOL Algorithmic Language
ALGOL Algorithmic Language
ALT ALTernate lifestyle (USENET newsgroup category)
ALU Arithmetic Logic Unit
ANSI American National Standards Institute
AOL America Online
API Application Program Interface
APT Automatically Programmed Tooling
ARP Address Resolution Protocol
ARPANET Advanced Research Projects Agency Network
ARQ Automatic Repeat Request
AS Autonomous System
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASP Active Server Pages
ASP Association of Shareware Professionals
ASPI Advanced SCSI Programming Interface (Adaptec)
AT Advanced Technology
ATA Advanced Technology Attachment (original hard drive interface)
ATDT Attention Dial Tone (modem command)
ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode
ATZ Attention Restore configuration profile from nonvolatile RAM (modem command)
AUI Attachment Unit Interface
AUTOEXEC Autoexec Automatic Execution file (AUTOEXEC.BAT automatically executed on startup of DOS systems)
AVI Audio Video Interleave
AWK (Unix language named after its authors... Al Aho, Peter Weinberger and Brian Kernighan)
B Keyboard Kilobyte (1,024 bytes; also kB)
B2B Business to Business
B2C Business to Consumer
BASIC Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
BCC Blind Carbon Copy
BCD Binary Coded Decimal
BCR Bar Code Reader
BDSL Broadband DSL
BEDO Burst Extended Data Out (RAM)
BGP Border Gateway Protocol
BHTML Broadcast Hyper Text Markup Language
BIOS Basic Input Output System
BIPS Billion Instruction Per Second
BIU Bus Interface Unit
BMP Bitmap
BPS Bits Per Second + Bytes Per Second
BRD Blu-Ray Disc
BsoD Blue (or black) Screen of Death( Windows just died (again)
CAD Computer Aided Design
CADD Computer Aided Design and Drafting
CAI Computer Aided Instruction
CAM Computer Aided Manufacturing
CAN Campus Area Network
CC Carbon Copy
CCITT Comite Consultatif International Telegraphique et Telephonique/
CD Compact Disk
CD Change Directory (UNIX/DOS)
CD0R/W Compact Disk – Rewritable
CDMA Code-Division Multiple Access (wireless/cellphone protocol)
CDPD Cellular Digital Packet Data (wireless protocol)
CD-R Compact Disk - Recordable
CDROM Compact Disk Read Only Memory
CDRW Compact Disk Rewritable
CD-WO Compact Disk - Write Once
CD-XA Compact Disk - Extended Architecture
CERN The European Particle Physics Laboratory (initials originally from Conseil European pour la Recherche Nucleaire)
CERT Computer Emergency Response Team)
CGI-BIN Common Gateway Interface - Binary (programming for Web forms)
CIS CompuServe Information Service
CISC Complex Instructions Set Computers
CMD Command
CMOS Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor (type of nonvolatile memory chip) + PC Configuration stored on CMOS
CMYK Cyan-Magenta-Yellow-Black (color model)
CNM Circulatory Network Mode
COAX Coaxial Cable (for Ethernet and similar networks)
COBOL Common Business Oriented Language
COM1 First serial Port (asynchronous port)
COM2 Second serial Port
COMDEX Computer Dealers Exposition (biggest yearly U.S. computer show)
COMPUTER Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used for Trade/Technology, Education, and Research.
CPI Clock / Cycle Per Instruction
CPU Central Processing Unit
CROM Computerized Range of Motion
CRT Cathode Ray Tube( standard type computer monitor display
CSID Call Subscriber ID (for FAX and phone caller ID)
CSLIP Compressed Serial Line Interface Protocol (Internet)
CSS Cascading Style Sheets
CSV Comma-Separated Value/Variable (file type)
CTRL Control (computer keyboard key)
CUI Character User Interface
DAC Data Acquisition and Control + Digital to Analog Converter
DARPANET Defense Advanced Research Project Agency Network
DAT Digital Audio Tape
dB Decibel
DBMS Data Base Management System
DCD Data Carrier Detect
DCE Data Communications Equipment + Distributed Computing Environment OSF) + Distributed Computing Equipment
DCF Data Communication Facility(IBM) +
DDE Direct Data Entry + Dynamic Data Exchange (Microsoft)
DDL Data Definition Language
DDR Double Data Rate (double=speed of RAM)
DDR – SDRAM Double Data Rate – Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DHTML Dynamics Hyper Text Markup Language
DIMM Dual Inline Memory Module
DIN Deutsche Industrie Norm (German equivalent of EIA)
DIP Dual In-line Package (e.g., DIP switches)
DIR Directory (file)
DLL Dynamic Link Library
DMA Direct Memory Access/Addressing
DML Data Manipulation Language
DNA Distributed Internet Architecture
DNS Domain Name System
DOC Data Optimizing Computer
Doc Document
DOS Disk Operating System
DPI Dots Per Inch
DRAM Dynamic Random Access Memory
DSL Digital Subscriber Line( fast Internet connection over existing phone lines
DSTN Double Supertwisted Nematic (LCD screen type)
DTMF Dual Tone Multiple Frequency (phone tones)
DUN Dial-Up Networking (Microsoft)
DVD Digital Video/Versatile Disc
DVDR Digital Versatile Disk Recordable
DVDRW Digital Versatile Disk Rewritable
DVI Digital Visual Interface
DVR Digital Video Recorder
EB EXA BYTE
EBCDIC Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code (IBM) (is to ASCII as Sanskrit is to English)
ECC Error Check Code + Error Checking and Correction + Error Correction Code
E-Commerce Electronic Commerce
ECP Enhanced Capabilities Port (Microsoft)
EDC Electronic Digital Computer
EDGE Enhanced Data Rate for GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication) Evolution
EDI Electronic Data Interchange
EDO Extended Data Out (RAM)
EDP Electronic Data Processing
EDSAC Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator
EEPROM Electronically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
EFS Encrypted File System
EiB EXBI BYTE
EIDE Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics (hard drive interface)
EISA Extended Industry Standard Architecture (PC bus design)
EMACS Editing Macros (Unix editor)
E-Mail Electronic Mail
ENIAC Electronics Numerical Integrator And Calculator
EOF End of File (^Z character)
EPP Enhanced Parallel Port
EPROM Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
EROM Erasable Read Only Memory
ESDI Enhanced Small Device Interface
EWAN Emulator Without A Good Name (Internet)
FAQ Frequently Asked Question
FAT File Allocation Table
FDC Floppy Disk Controller
FDD Floppy Disk Drive
FDISK Fixed Disk (DOS utility)
FIFO First-In, First-Out
FLOPS Floating Point Operations Per Second
FM Frequency Modulation
FORTRAN Formula Translation
FPM F ast Page Mode (RAM)
FPS Frames Per Second
FS File System
FTP File Transfer Protocol
FYI For Your Information
GB Giga Byte
GBPS Gigabytes/Gigabits Per Second
GDI Graphical Device Interface
GHz GigaHertz
GiB GIBI BYTE
GIF Graphic Interchangeable Format
GIGO Garbage In Garbage Out
GIS Geographic Information System
GML Geography Markup Language
GNU Gnu's Not Unix (operating system that really IS Unix)
GPRS General Packet Radio Service
GPS Global Positioning Satellite/System
GSM Global System for Mobile Communication
GUI Graphical User Interface
GW-basic Gee Whiz BASIC
HD Hard Disk
HDD Hard Disk Drive
HDMI High Definition Multimedia Interface
HDSL High-Data-Rate Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) + High-Speed Digital Subscriber Loop
HDTV High Definition Television
HEX Hexadecimal
HP Hewlett Packard/Horse Power
HPC Handheld Personal Computer/High Performance Computer
HPFS High-Performance File System (Windows NT)
HPGL Hewlett-Packard Graphics Language
HPIB Hewlett-Packard Interface Bus
HPLJ Hewlett-Packard Laser Jet
HSDPA High Speed Downlink Packet Access
HSV Hue Saturation Value (color model)
HTML Hyper Text Markup Language
HTTP Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
HTTP-NG HTTP Next Generation
HTTPS Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure
HVD Holographic Versatile Disc
Hz Hertz (frequency, per second)
I/O Input/Output (serial and parallel ports)
IBM International Business Machines
IC Integrated Circuit
ICANN Internet Corporation of Assign Names & Numbers
ICT Information Communication Technology
IDE Integrated Development Environment (Borland) + Integrated Drive Electronics + Intelligent Drive Electronics
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineer
IMAP Internet Message Access Protocol
IMAP4 Internet Message Access Protocol Version 4
IMHO (in my humble opinion; email)
INFO Information
INTEL Integrated Electronics
IO Input Output
IOP Input Output Processor
IP Internet Protocol
IPV4 Internet Protocol Version 4
IPV6 Internet Protocol Version 6
IPX Internetwork Packet Exchange (Novell)
IR Infrared
IrDA Infrared Data Association (Ir port standard)
IRQ Interrupt Request (PC hardware signal)
ISA Industry Standard Architecture
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network (digital phone line)
ISO International Standard Organization/ International Org for Standardisation
ISP Internet Service Provider
IT Information Technology
IVR Interactive Voice Response
I-WAY Information Highway
J2EE Java 2 Platform Enterprise Edition
JAD Java Application Descriptor/Development
JAR Java Archive
JPEG Joint Photographic Expert Group
JS Java Script
JSP Java Server Page
KB KILOBYTE
KBD Key Board
Kbps Kilobits/Kilobytes Per Second
kHz Kilohertz
LAN Local Area Network
LCD Liquid Crystal Display
LED Light Emitting Diode
LF Line Feed
LIF Low Insertion Force
LINUX (Free-Source version of UNIX Operating system named after Linus Torvalds)
LLL Low Level Language
LPI Lines Per Inch
LPT Line Printer
LPT1 First Parallel Printer Port
LPT2 Second Parallel Printer Port
LQ Letter Quality
LSI Large Scale Integration
LZW Lempel-Ziv-Walsh (algorithm)
MAC Media Access Control
MAN Metropolitan Area Network
MANET Mobile Ad-Hoc Network
MB Motherboard/ Megabyte
MBASIC Microsoft BASIC (Microsoft)
MBPS Megabits/Megabytes Per Second
Mbps Megabits Per Second
MD Make Directory (DOS/Unix)
MEG Megabyte
MFS Macintosh File System (Macintosh)
MHz Mega Hertz
MICR Magnetic Ink Character Recognition
MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interface
MIME Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
MIPS Million Instructions Per Second
MMX Multimedia Extensions (additional CPU instructions)
MODEM Modulator Demodulator
Mp3 MPEG Audio Layer 3
Mp4 MPEG – 4 AVC (Advanced Video Coding)
MPC Multimedia Personal Computer (Microsoft)
MPEG Motion Picture Experts Group
MSCDEX Microsoft Compact Disc Extension
MS-DOS Microsoft - Disk Operating System
MSIE Microsoft Internet Explorer (Microsoft)
MTBF Mean Time Between Failures
NAT Network Address Translation
NCSA National Center for Supercomputing Applications
NIC Network Interface Card
NICAD Nickel Cadmium
NIIT National Institute of Information Technology
NIMH Nickel-Metal Hydride
NNTP Network News Transfer Protocol (Internet)
NSFNET National Science Foundation Network
NTFS New Technology File System
NTP Network Time Protocol
OCR Optical Character Reader / Recognition
OCX OLE Custom Control
OLE Object Linking and Embedding (Microsoft)
OMR Optical Mark Reader/Recognition
OOP Object Oriented Programming
OPEN GL Open Graphics Library
OS Operating System
OSI Open Systems Interconnection
P2P Point to Point Protocol
PAN Personal Area Network
PB PETA BYTE
PBSRAM Pipeline Burst RAM
PC Personal Computer
PCB Printer Circuit Board
PC-DOS Personal Computer - Disk Operating System (IBM)
PCI Peripheral Component Interconnect
PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
PD Public Domain
PDA Personal Digital Assistant
PDF Portable Document Format
PDU Protocol Data Unit / Power Distribution Unit
PGP Pretty Good Privacy (name of encryption program)
PHP Hypertext Preprocessor
PiB PEBI BYTE
PIM Personal Information Manager
PING Packet Internet/Internetwork Groper
PIXEL Picture Element
PNG Portable Network Graphics
PNP Plug and Play
POP Post Office Protocol (protocol for distributing email)
POP3 Post Office Protocol Version3
Popmail email via POP
POST Power On Self Test
PPM Pages Per Minute
PPP Point to Point Protocol
PPPoA Point to Point Protocol Over ATM
PPPoE Point to Point Protocol Over Ethernet
PRN Printer
PROM Programmable Read Only Memory
PRTSC Print Screen
PSU Power Supply Unit
RAID Redundant Arrays of Independent Disks + Redundant Arrays of Independent Drives + Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks
RAM Random Access Memory
RARP Reverse Address Resolution Protocol
RDBMS Relational Data Base Management System
RDRAM Rambus Dynamic Random Access Memory
REM Remark (comment)
RGB Red-Green-Blue (color model)
RIMM Rambus Inline Memory Module
RIP Routing Information Protocol
RISC Reduced Instruction Set Computer
RJ-11 Standard U.S. phone connector
RJ-45 Standard Ethernet connector
RLL Run Length Limited (encoding scheme for hard disks)
RLSI Ridiculously Large-Scale Integration
RMA Return Material Authorization + Return to Manufacturer Authorization
RMDIR Remove Directory (DOS/Unix)
RN Read News (Internet)
ROM Read Only Memory
ROTFL (rolling on the floor laughing; email)
RPM Revolutions Per Minute
RTF Rich Text Format
SAM Software Asset Management/Sequential Access Method
SAN Storage Area Network
SCSI Small Computer System Interface (for hard drives, scanners, etc.)
SDD Solid State Drive
SDRAM Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
SFTP Secure File Transfer Protocol
SG Message
SGML Standard Generalized Markup Language
SGRAM Synchronous Graphics RAM
SIM Subscriber Identity Module
SIMM Single In-line Memory Module
SIP Session Initiation Protocol
SIPP Single In-line Pin Package
SIU Serial Interface Unit
SLIP Serial Line Interface Protocol
SMIME Secure Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension
SMPS Switch Mode Power Supply
SMS Short Message Service s
SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SNAP Sub Network Access Protocol
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol
SNOBOL String Oriented Symbolic Language
SO-DIMM Small Outline DIMM
SQL Structured Query Language
SRAM Static Random Access Memory
SSH Secure Shell
SSL Secure Sockets Layer
SVGA Super Video Graphics Array
SW Software
SYSOP System Operator
TAPI Telephony Application Programming Interface
TB TERA BYTE
TBPS Tera Bytes Per Second
TCP Transmission Control Protocol
TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TDMA Tone-Division Multiple Access wireless/cellphone protocol
Tel Net Telecommunication Networking
TEMP Temporary
TFT Thin Film Transistor
TFTP Trivial File Transfer Protocol
Thomas The (U.S.) House (of Representatives) Open Multimedia Access System
TiB TEBI BYTE
TIFF Tagged Image File Format
TIPS Trillion Instruction Per Second
TMP Temporary
TWAIN Technology Without Any Interesting Name (connection between application and scanner software)
TXT Text
UAE Unrecoverable Application Error
UART Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter
UDMA Ultra Direct Memory Access
UDP User Datagram Protocol
UHF Ultra High Frequency
UI User Interface
UMB Upper Memory Block (LIM/AST)
UMTS Universal Mobile Telecommunication System
UNIVAC Universal Automatic Computer/Universal Non Integrated Vacuum Actuated Computer
UNIX (AT&T Bell Laboratories Operating System)
UPS Uninterruptible Power Supply
UPS Uninterruptible Power Supply
URL Uniform Resource Locator
URL Uniform Resource Locator
USB Universal Serial Bus
USB Universal Serial Bus
USE NET User's Network (Internet)
UUCP Unix-To-Unix Copy Program
UXGA Ultra XGA; see XGA; 1600x1200 pixels
VAN Value Added Network
VAX/VMS Virtual Address Extension/Virtual Memory System (DEC)
VCD Video Compact Disk
VDT Video Dial Tone + Video Display Terminal
VDU Visual Display Unit
VFAT Virtual File Allocation Table (Microsoft)
VGA Video Graphics Array
VGA Video/Visual Graphic Adapter
VGA Video Graphics Array( IBM/Windows 640x480 color graphics display standard
VHF Very High Frequency
VIRUS Vital Information Resource Under Seized
VIRUS Vital Information Resource Under Siege
VOIP Voice Over Internet Protocol
VOIP Voice Over Internet Protocol
VPN Virtual Private Network
VRAM Video Random Access Memory
VRAM Video Random Access Memory
VRML Virtual Reality Modeling Language
VxD Virtual Extended Driver (Microsoft)
WAIS Wide Area Information Server
WAN Wide Area Network
WAP Wireless Application Protocol
WBMP Wireless Bitmap Image
WFW Windows For Workgroups (Microsoft)
WIFI Wireless fidelity
WIMAX Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
WINS Windows Internet Name Service
WLAN Wireless Local Area Network
WMA Windows Media Audio
WML Wireless Markup Language
WMV Windows Media Video
WORM Write Once Read Many
WORM Write Once, Read Many
WP WordPerfect + Word Processing + Write Protected
WPM Words Per Minute
WRAM Windows RAM (graphics card)
WS WordStar + Workstation
WWW World Wide Web
WYSIWYG What You See Is What You Get
XGA Extended Graphics Array (IBM)( generically, 1024x768 color standard
XHTML Extensible Hyper Text Markup Language
XMF Extensible Music File
XML Extensible Markup Language
XMS Extended Memory Specification
XSL Extensible Style Language
XT Extended Technology
Yahoo Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle
YB YOTTA BYTE
YiB YOBI BYTE
ZB ZETTA BYTE
ZiB Zebi Byte
ZIF Zero-Insertion Force (socket)

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