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Reasoning Mania: Statement & Assumptions

Published on Friday, January 29, 2016
Dear readers,
Statement & Assumptions is a very expecting question in LIC AAO, IBPS SO, SIDBI Grade A Officer and other exams, So, today we are presenting you a question set on Statement & Assumptions set for your practice in Reasoning Mania Session. Try to solve it. For any type of queries you may leave a comment.

Reasoning Mania: Statement & Assumptions

Directions (Q. 1 – 5): In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer

a) if only assumption I is implicit
b) if only assumption II is implicit
c) if either I or II is implicit
d) if neither I nor II implicit
e) if both I and II are implicit

1. Statement: If a region is crying for the development, establish a new university, an advanced medical institute and a centre for agricultural research there and wait for the results.

Assumptions:
I. Only creation of new states would not speed up development.
II. Development can be achieved by spreading education.

2. Statement: For members at IIM, seek out those who have topped the services exams, distinguished themselves in graduate studies or have made a mark at an early age in the arts or the media.

Assumptions:
I. The present selection process for membership has lack of transparency.
II. Present members of IIM are not up to the expectations of the IIM.

3. Statement: Get rid of the practice of appointing retires as directors. The days of half-hearted leadership are long past. We need someone young dynamic and enthusiastic at the helm.

Assumptions:
I. Retirees cannot be dynamic and enthusiastic.
II. The young and dynamic weigh more than the experienced and retired.

4. Statement: “Put off your mobile phones.” – A dean issued a notice because of thin attendance during prayers at the College.

Assumptions:
I. Mobile phones are more popular than prayers.
II. Prayer is more important than using mobile phones.

5. Statement: The long-term health of the nation and its democratic policy should be the primary concern of all political parties in contrast to short-term remedies, which are at best pain-killers.

Assumptions:
I. A short-term policy benefits the political parties in winning elections.
II. Only long-term democratic policy is in the best interests of the country.

Answers

1. b; The speaker is assuming II, that is why he has referred to things related to education. Assumption I has not been hinted at in the statement.
2. b; From the given statement, it cannot be inferred whether transparency exists or not. Hence, I is not implicit. II is a valid assumption; that is why the speaker has jotted down new guidelines for the selection process.
3. e;
4. e; The dean is assuming both. He feels that though the mobile phones are more popular than prayers, they are less important. Hence the appeal.
5. b; The speaker is assuming II, that is why he has put emphasis on long-term measures rather than short-term ones. Nothing about the election-winning interests has been hinted at here.

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