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Fast Facts on Reserve Bank of India

Published on Monday, June 21, 2021
RBI facts
First Governor of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) – Osborne Smith

First Deputy Governor of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) – James B.Taylor

Present Governor of RBI – Shaktikanta Das

Present Deputy governor of RBI – Shri T Rabi Sankar

Established – 1st April 1935 under RBI Act 1934

RBI Established on the recommendations of - Hilton Young Commission.

Headquarter – It is located in Mumbai

Nationalization of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) – In 1949 under the Banking Regulation Act 1949

Zonal offices of RBI Located at – 4 Places, Namely Chennai, Kolkata, Mumbai & Delhi

Total number of Regional Offices – 19

Total number of sub-offices – 9, currently RBI has opened 2 more sub-offices at Aizwal & Imphal (Capital city of Manipur)

Each of these local boards consists of 5 members who represent regional interests, and the interests of co-operative and indigenous banks

Total number of Regional Offices in India – 22 mostly in the capital of the state

The central office was initially located at – Calcutta

Currently, the Central office is located in – Mumbai, It was permanently moved in 1937

The composition of the Reserve Bank of India

  • It has 2 Member from the Ministry of Finance
  • It has 5 Local Representative in Regional Offices
  • It has 10 Board of Directors

Function of RBI 

#1.Monetary Authority –

  •  Formulates, Implements & monitors the credit policy
  •  It provides market stability
  •  It ensures the flow of credit to the productive sectors

#2. Supervisory Function –

  •  To protect depositors interests
  •  Provide effective customer services
  •  Maintain public confidence

#3. The issue of Currency Notes –

  • RBI has the sole authority to issue currency notes in India
  • They also have the power to destroy old notes
  •  Last time RBI launched new notes known as MG-2005 series

#4. Banker’s to other Banks or Banker’s Bank –

  •  RBI lends money to other banks in a time of need
  • The other banks can borrow the money from each other or from the market, if they failed everywhere then the last option is to borrow from RBI. 
  • For this specific reason, RBI is known as “Lenders of the Last Resorts”'

#5. Bankers to Government –

  • RBI act as a banker to the Government of India & also to the governments of the constituent units of India’s federal system.
  • The bank has the responsibility to transact all the banking business of the Government of India on behalf of the Government, like :
A. Bank accepts money on account of the government
B. Bank makes payments on behalf of the government, etc.

#6. Custodian of Foreign Reserves –

  • RBI has the power of custodian regarding foreign exchange
  • RBI maintains the record of all transactions done in foreign exchange, also keep an eye on CAD (Current Account Deficit)

#7. Promotional function --

  •  RBI performs various promotional functions. 
  • They actively participate in Government various initiatives like financial Inclusion, Surgical strike on Black money, etc.

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