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Daily Vocabulary from The Hindu - Day 3

Published on Tuesday, June 20, 2017

Deterrent : Noun

  • Meaning रोक रखना
  • As used in paper:  It should act as a deterrent and not really be used, unless we are compelled to use it.
  • Meaning
  • Root Words de+ ter
  • Synonym: disincentive, discouragement, dissuasion, damper, brake, curb, check, restraint;More
  • Antonyms: incentive, encouragement
  • Verb: Deter
  • She should never let anything deter her in her goal to get at least a bachelor’s degree.

Efficacy: Noun

  • Meaning प्रभावकारिता
  • Synonym: effect, impact, influence, impression, efficacy, force
  • Antonym: inability, inadequacy, inadequateness, incompetence, incompetency
  • Adjective: efficacious
  • Because my medicine is efficacious, I expect to feel better soon.
  • Noun: Efficacy
  • Fortunately, the medicine had the efficacy to reduce the amount of pain John was feeling.

Transcend: Verb

  • Meaning: पार
  • Root Words: Trans
  • Synonym: surpass, excel, exceed, beat, trump, top, cap, outdo, outstrip
  • Antonym: lack, lose
  • Verb: Transcend
  • A good education will allow you to transcend many socioeconomic barriers.
  • Noun: transcendence
  • He supposes real as well as imaginary transcendence in cosmological " ideals ";
  • Adverb: transcendentally
  • A principle is transcendentally " deduced " when it and only it can explain the validity of some phase of experience,
  • Adjective: transcendental
  • Transcendental method is indeed not invulnerable.

Sanctified: Verb

  • Meaning: पवित्र
  • Synonym: holy, pure, sanctified, pious, solemn, chaste hieratic, sanctified, tabu, sacrosanct, sacramental, taboo
  • Antonym: impure, defile, pollutioned, contaminated
  • Noun: sanctification
  • The sanctification of this haunted building is neccessary. 
  • The priests have to sanctify the holy water.

Resistance: Noun

  • Meaning: प्रतिरोध
  • Synonym:  protest, opposition, opposite, antagonism
  • Antonym: acceptance, receptivity, surrender, submission
  • Noun: Resistance
  •  A strong resistance has to be built against this attack on our constitutional values.
  • Verb: Resist
  • I’m on a diet so I will try to resist the ice cream
  • Adjective: Resistant
  • The employees’ showed their resistance to the salary cuts by picketing outside the factory.

Penalise: Verb

  • Meaning: दंड देना
  • Synonym: chastise, punish, penalize, doom, chasten, paddle
  • Antonym: reward, honour, appreciate
  • Verb: Penalise 
  • Any false entry or claim on the agent's part was penalised
  • Noun: Penalty
  • They imposed a penalty of Rs. 200 for illegal entry. 

Flouting: Verb

  • Meaning: उपहास, अवज्ञा
  • Root Words
  • Synonym: defy, refuse to obey, go against, rebel against, scorn, disdain, disobedience, defiance, insubordination, nonconformity,
  • Antonym: accept, approve; use
  • If you’re a person who likes to flout authority, you could land in jail,

Repercussions: Noun

Meaning: प्रतिक्रिया
Root Words
Synonym: consequence, result, effect, outcome, by-product; More
Antonym: helplessness, impotence, impotency, powerlessness, weakness
Noun: Repercussions
The people in my neighborhood will not report the crime lord’s activities because they are afraid of a possible repercussion.

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