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Vocabulary from Economic Times: 26 July 2017

Published on Wednesday, July 26, 2017
Vocabulary from Economic Times: 26 July 2017

1. Jurisprudence: न्यायशास्त्र

 The theory or philosophy of law
Example: Much of the debate on whether a right to privacy exists in Indian jurisprudence misses the point.

2. Curtailment: काट छांट 

The action or fact of reducing or restricting something; reduction, cut, cut back, decrease, retrenchment
Example: The people agitated due to the curtailment of the essential things.

3. Trespass: अनधिकार प्रवेश 

Enter someone's land or property without permission; invade, encroach on, intrude on, infringe
Example: The army trespassed the enemy camp.

4. Persuasive: प्रभावपूर्ण

 Convincing, effective, cogent, compelling, potent, eloquent
Example: This is less persuasive than it might seem at first glance.

5. Diligently: मेहनत से 

In a way that shows care and conscientiousness in one's work or duties
Example: A person who diligently services his loans gets a high score and those who default get poor ones.

6. Inviolate: अनुल्लंघनीय 

Free or safe from injury or violation; untouched, undamaged, unhurt, unharmed
Example: We should not think that our borders are inviolate.

7. Eavesdrop: गुप्त वार्ता को सुनना 

Secretly listen to a conversation; spy, intrude, monitor, tap
Example: If the state wants to eavesdrop on citizens or follow them around, it just does.

8. Benign: सुहाना/ कृपालु 

Gentle and kind; warm-hearted, good natured, affectionate
Example: He is known for his benign disposition.

9. Ream: गड्डी 

A large quantity of something, especially paper or writing
Example: Artificial intelligence depends on self-learning algorithms applied to reams of data.

10. Relinquish छोड़ देना/ त्यागना

 Voluntarily cease to keep or claim; give up, renounce, part with, give away
Example: A positive change would take place if GoI returns relinquished land so that these projects can be rejuvenated.

11. Impediment: विघ्न 

A hindrance or obstruction in doing something; barrier, block, crub, brake, restraint
Example: Another impediment to growth is the negative over-analysis of data related to the availability of reserves.

12. Grit: कण/बालूकण 

Small loose particles of stone or sand; gravel, pebble, stone, shingle
Example: A piece of grit got into my shoe.

13. Exaggeration: अतिशयोक्ति

 A statement that represents something as better or worse than it really is; overstatement
Example: It wouldn’t be an exaggeration to state that under Professor Yash Pal’s chairmanship from 1986 to 1991, the UGC prepared the ground for a more science-driven India.

14. Evangelist: ईसाई मत प्रचारक 

A person who seeks to convert others to the Christian faith, especially by public preaching
Example: I met an evangelist in the train who gave me this bible.

15. Hokum: बकवास

Example: And, yet, Yash Pal never came across as a peddler of hokum-as-science.

16. Mystical: रहस्यवादी/ आध्यात्मिक

 Relating to mystics or religious mysticism
Example: The mystical theology of Richard Rolle.

17. Hurl: जोर से चिल्लाना Utter 

(abuse) vehemently
Example: New Delhi and Beijing must exercise restraint at Doklam. It is pointless to hurl insults and doubtful historical claims of territorial ownership between two nations that gained independence fairly recently, in 1947 and 1949.

18. Renege: मुकर जाना 

Go back on a promise, undertaking, or contract
Example: God never reneges on his promises.

19. Wreck: नुकसान 

Destroy or severely damage (a structure, vehicle, or similar)
Example: The house was a wreck when they bought it.

20. Latch on to: रूचि बढाना 

Take up (an idea or trend) enthusiastically
Example: It is understandable that they wish to latch on to the lowest cost power available and ditch higher-cost purchase commitments.

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