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Vocabulary From Economic Times: 7 July 2017

Published on Friday, July 07, 2017

1. Desist: रोकना 

Stop, clog, inhibit, prevent, fend, abstain, refrain, hold back
Example: Cease and desist, Mamata Banerjee.

2. Pander: बढ़ावा देना 

Encourage, connive, spirit, gratify, satisfy 
Example: Pandering to communal politics will backfire.

3. Indisputable: निर्विवाद 

Unable to be challenged or denied, undeniable, watertight, unquestionable, unquestioned, unquestioning
Example: What is indisputable, however, is that the ugly politics of faith has reared its head in Bengal after nearly 60 years.

4. Allegiance: निष्ठा 

Loyalty, devotion, dedication, faith, adherence
Example: The blame for this lies at the doorstep of Banerjee, who knows that her landslide majorities in 2011 and 2016 were due to Muslims shifting their allegiance from the Left to Trinamool Congress.

5. Whirlwind: बवंडर 

Tornado, hurricane, cyclone, swirl, typhoon, vortex
Example: So, the chief minister is caught up in a whirlwind, attending Islamic festivals as well as Hindu ones, trying to project that she does not favour any particular faith.

6. Mitigation: अल्पीकरण 

The action of reducing the severity, seriousness, or painfulness of something, slash, alleviation, reduction, diminution, lessening
Example: It now becomes even more relevant for the rest of the world to accelerate their efforts towards climate change mitigation and adaptation.

7. Rubric: सरनामा 

A set of instructions or rules, a heading on a document, lettering, superscription
Example: Under the rubric of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change’s (UNFCCC) Paris Agreement, all stakeholders, governments, businesses, citizens and civil society have embarked on the journey to chart out a strengthened global partnership to reach the targeted net zero emissions over the course of the next half-century.

8. Conglomerate: समूह 

A thing consisting of a number of different and distinct parts or items that are grouped together, amalgamation, union, mixture, combination
Example: This is reflected by the emphasis given to non-State actors in the agreement for the first time, which calls on businesses and corporate conglomerates to partner with governments.

9. Repository: कोष 

Fund, exchequer, chest, coffers
Example: But governments can only contribute to a small chunk of the pie by formulating policies, giving a stimulus to climate-sensitive sectors and clean energy, building and assimilating the knowledge repository of climate-friendly solutions and technologies.

10. Assimilate: समेकित 

Take in and understand fully, understand, comprehend, grasp, pick up
Example: But governments can only contribute to a small chunk of the pie by formulating policies, giving a stimulus to climate-sensitive sectors and clean energy, building and assimilating the knowledge repository of climate-friendly solutions and technologies.

11. Evangelist: प्रचारक 

Campaigner, preacher, missionary, crusader, converter
Example: This is the silver lining and has set the tone of these large organisations playing the role of climate evangelists to demonstrate to smaller players that an energy-efficient, clean energy, low-emissions way of doing business will not only reduce their ecological footprint on the planet but also enhance their competitiveness and lead to energy savings.

12. Boardroom: बोर्डरूम 

A room in which a board of directors of a company or other organisation meets regularly
Example: Climate concerns have now become an integral boardroom consideration for those businesses ahead of the curve.

13. Preclude: रोकना 

Prevent from happening, stop, clog, inhibit, prevent, fend
Example: Some of the key challenges that have precluded this from happening are the mismatch between long-term assets and short-term credit provision, as well as attracting additional flows of foreign public and private capital.

14. Discourse: बातचीत 

Dialogue, negotiation, talk, parley, debate, discussion, conference
Example: The third BCS to be held on August 31-September in New Delhi will bring this discourse to Asia for the first time in the run up to UNFCCC COP 23.

15. Carve out: उत्कीर्ण करना 

A carve-out is the partial divestiture of a business unit in which a parent company sells minority interest of a child company to outside investors
Example: In a rare interaction with investors by founders of the country’s biggest carrier, Gangwal said that specific carving out of airline assets has happened before.

16. Outline: रूप-रेखा 

Design, contour, figuration, synopsis, sketch, abstract, summary
Example: The government is still to outline the modalities of Air India’s privatisation.

17. Propensity: प्रवृत्ति 

Trend, tendency, aptitude, diathesis, inclination
Example: Anytime Loans is an automated P2P lending platform that uses artificial intelligence to read facial features and feed it into a predictive model that determines the borrower’s propensity to default.

18. Outpacing: आगे बढ़ना 

Go, rise, improve, faster than, outmarch
Example: The Company’s stock has more than doubled in the last one year, outpacing the 32% increase in the BSE Smallcap during the period.

19. Anticipation: संभावना 

Prospect, possibilities, forecast, prediction
Example: The Sensex on Thursday rallied 124 points to end at a new peak of 31,369 in anticipation of positive quarterly earnings that are set to roll in later this month.

20. Subdue: वश में 

Overcome, quieten, or bring under control, overpower
Example: The earnings growth for the capital goods sector will be subdued in the absence of any major private sector capital expenditure. MATTERS
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