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All India Survey on Higher Education

Published on Wednesday, January 10, 2018
All India Survey on Higher Education
On January 5th 018, Prakash Javadekar, the Union Minister for Human Resource Development, released the final report of All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) for the year 2016-17.
Apart from the survey he also launched All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) for the year 2017-18

How Survey is conducted:

  • The survey covers all the Higher Educational Institutions in the country. The survey collects data on several parameters like teachers, student enrolment, programmes, examination results, education finance, infrastructure, etc 
  • The survey findings were based on findings taken from 795 universities, 34,193 colleges and 7,496 standalone institutions 

Key findings of the survey:

All India Survey on Higher Education

1. Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER)

The enrolment by the end of the 2016-17 academic year stands at 3, 57, 05,905 with a Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) of 25.2.
GER is a ratio of enrolment in higher education to the population in the eligible age group (18-23) years. As per the survey
  • Gross Enrollment Ratio has increased from 19.4 percent in 2010-11 to 25.2 percent in 2016-17. 
  • In last 5 years, the GER of the Muslims and other minority communities has been slow. From 4.15 percent GER of the Muslim youth (age group of 18-23 years) in 2012-13, it is just 4.90 percent in 2016-17 
  • Similarly, the GER growth for other minority groups has been 0.33 percent in the same period 
  • Tamil Nadu had the highest Gross Enrollment Ratio in the country at 46.9 percent 
  • Bihar has the lowest GER with 14.9 percent of its youth 
  • As per the survey, the country has set a target of achieving 30 percent Gross Enrollment in higher education by 2020 

2. Foreign Students:

There is marginal improvement in number of foreign students -- 47,575 in 2016-17 from 45,424 in 2015-16 -- with 31,779 men and 15,796 women.
  • Karnataka continues to lead the country with the highest number of foreign students choosing the state as their preferred destination in 2016-2017. 
  • The maximum number of foreign students in the country came from Nepal comprising 23.6 percent. This was followed by Afghanistan with 9.3 percent and Bhutan with 4.8 percent. 
  • The report also said that across the globe students from 162 countries chose to come to India to study 
  • The maximum number of foreign students enrolled for undergraduate courses which are 76.9 percent. 
Foreign Students


  • The survey shows the Gender Parity Index increased to 0.94 in 2016-17 from 0.86 in 2010-11 with women participation in certain disciplines very high and increased sharply in courses like MA, MSc, and M Com. 
  • Gender Parity Index (GPI) is defined as ratio of proportional representation of female and male 


  • In the AISHE 2016-17, the efforts have been made for the first time to collect data of teachers in the portal 'Gurujan' which is designed specifically for the teachers 


  • Women continue to outnumber men in bachelors of arts and education. In MBBS there are 99 women per 100 male students, up from 86 in 2012-13, and in B Com up to 93 from 79 in the same period. 


  • Even though the GER of the female is higher, there is still a significant gap in B.Tech, M. Tech, law and MBA programmes. In B.Tech, there are only 39 women per 100 men, hardly any improvement from 38 women in 2012-13. 


  • While there are just 9.3 percent colleges exclusively for girls, there are 15 women exclusive universities across 10 states 

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