Major Religion in the World - Facts

Buddhism
Founder Gautama Siddhartha Buddha (563-483 BC), born in Lumbini, Nepal
Date Founded 500 BC, India
Sacred text The Tripitaka (a collection of Buddha’s teachings)
Place of Worship Vihar (Temple) and Monastery (Where monks reside)
Sects Mahayana and Hinayana
Sacred places Lumbini (Nepal) where Buddha was born, Both Gaya (Bihar) where he received Enlightenment and Kushinagar (UP) where he attained ‘Nirwana’.
Followed in China, Tibet, Korea, Nepal, Bhutan, Thailand, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Mongolia, Cambodia, Taiwan, Indonesia and Vietnam
Christianity
Founder Jesus Christ (4 BC – Ad 30), Born in Bethlehem, also called Jesus of Nazareth
Date Founded 1st AD
Sacred text Holy Bible consisting of the Old Testament (Before Christ) and the New Testament (during and after Christ)
Place of Worship Church
Sects Catholics and Protestants
Sacred places Jerusalem where Christ lived and preached
Followed in Spread all over the world
Hinduism
Founder Of the divine origin
Date Founded 1500 BC, India
Sacred text The Vedas, The Upanishads, The Bhagavad-Gita and the epics of the Mahabharata and Ramayana
Place of Worship Mandir (Temple)
Sacred places Ayodhya, Mathura, Amarnath, Hardwar, Varanasi, Tripura, Puri, Rameshwaram, Kedarnath, etc.
Followed in Concentrated in India and Nepal and also in Mauritius, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Fiji, Indonesia, Guyana, Trinidad.
Islam
Founder Prophet Muhammad (AD 570-632), born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Date Founded 7th AD, Arabian Peninsula
Sacred text The Qur’an(word of god), the Hadis (collection of prophet’s sayings)
Place of Worship Masjid (Mosque)
Sects Sunnis and Shias
Sacred places Mecca and Medina
Followed in Spread all over the world
Jainism
Founder Vardhamana Mahavira (599- 527BC), born in Kunda near Vaishali, India
Date Founded 600 BC, India
Sacred text Bo Specific Text
Place of Worship Temple
Sacred places Kunda near Vaishali, India
Followed in Mainly concentrated in India
Judaism
Founder Abraham (2000BC) and Moses (1200BC), Born in Egypt
Date Founded 200BC
Sacred Texts The Hals, Founded particularly in the five books of the Bible, Commentary on Torah was known as Talmud and Midrash
Place of Worship Synagogue
Sacred places Jerusalem
Followed in Worldwide with the concentration in Israel and United States
Sikhism
Founder Guru Nanak (1469-1539), born in Talwandi village, now in Pakistan
Date Founded 1500 AD
Sacred text The Guru Granth Sahib
Place of Worship Gurdwara
Sacred places Golden Temple, Amritsar
Followed in India
Zoroastrianism (Parsi Religion)
Founder Zoroaster (600 BC), born in Iran
Date Founded 600 BC, Iran
Sacred text The Zend Avesta
Places of Worship Fire Temple
Followed in Iran and Northwest India

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