Reading Comprehension Practice Set - 20

Reading Comprehension Practice Set - 20

Read the following passage and answer the questions given below:

The provisions of the new Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) Bill drafted by the Centre have far-reaching implications for the expansion and quality of human resource development, at a
time when access to skill-building and educational opportunity are vitally important. There were 864 recognised universities and 40,026 colleges in the country in 2016-17, while the gross enrolment ratio of students was only about 26%. To put this in perspective, there were only 20 universities and 500 colleges at the time of Independence. Previous attempts at system reform involving Practice set expert committees and even legislation to create a new body for higher education and research had advocated changes, with an emphasis on promoting autonomy, access, inclusion and opportunity for all. That challenging goal will fall to the HECI, the proposed successor body to the University Grants Commission. For this very reason, the Centre should give sufficient time to academia, the teaching community and society at large to submit considered opinions on the draft proposals. Among the key questions that need resolution is the future role of multiple regulatory bodies that currently exist for engineering, medicine and law; the Yash Pal Committee had recommended that they should be brought under the ambit of a single commission. There is a case to include other professional education streams as well, including architecture and nursing. The aim should be to set academic benchmarks for each stream, with sufficient autonomy to innovate on courses and encourage studies across disciplines.

Among the more contentious issues arising out of the draft Bill is the Centre’s decision to shift grant-giving powers for higher education institutions to the Ministry of Human Resource Development or a separate body. The UGC has been doing this so far, covering a variety of functions, and whatever the flaws, it ensured a separation of funding decisions from political considerations. Maintaining a balance on allocation of funds and ensuring transparency will now depend on the proposed advisory council to the HECI. It is welcome that the States are represented on the advisory council, giving it a federal character, although it is the Centre that will have the final say in all matters, not even the apex HECI. At a broader level, higher education is challenged today by fast-paced technological changes affecting the economy and the need to create a workforce that has the requisite skills. Reform should, therefore, lead to the creation of an agency that has the intellectual corpus to help universities and colleges adapt, and the vision to plan for public funding in the emerging spheres of activity. There is a positive attempt in the draft legislation to weed out degree mills and dubious training institutions, with a provision for prosecution and imprisonment of management officials who defy the HECI. Yet, this will take political will, given that over the past three decades laissez faire expansion of higher education has been pursued purely for commercial motives.

Question no.1

Which of the following is not true according to the passage?
A) That challenging goal will rise to the HECI, the proposed successor body to the University Grants Commission.
B) The aim should be to set academic benchmarks for each stream, with sufficient autonomy to innovate on courses and encourage studies across disciplines.
C) There were 864 recognised universities and 40,026 colleges in the country in 2016-17, while the gross enrolment ratio of students was only about 22%.
I- Only A
II- Only B
III- Only C
IV- Only B and C
V- Only A and C
Solution: 
V As it is given in the passage that the challenging goal will fall so the use of rise is incorrect. And in part C student enrolment ratio was about 26% not 22%. So both the sentences of A and C are false.

Question no. 2

Which of the following is true according to the passage?
A) Among the more contentious issues arising out of the draft Bill is the Centre’s decision to shift grant-giving powers for higher education institutions to the Ministry of Human Resource Development or a separate body.
B) Maintaining a balance on allocation of funds and ensuring transparency will now depend on the proposed advisory council to the HECI.
C) There is a positive attempt in the draft legislation to weed out degree mills and dubious training institutions, with a provision for prosecution and imprisonment of management officials who defy the HECI
I- Only A
II- Only B
III- All A, B and C
IV- Only C
V- Both A and C
Solution: 
III all the given sentences are true according to the passage.

Question no. 3

Which of the following is the suitable title for the above passage?
I- Reforming higher education
II- Brace up to face the challenges in the higher education
III- Higher Education More Skill-Centric
IV- All of the above
V- None of the above
Solution: 
I as the passage is about bills for higher education to make reforms so option 1 is the best choice.

Question no.4

Why should the Centre give sufficient time to academia, the teaching community and society at large to submit considered opinions on the draft proposals?
I-
There were 864 recognised universities and 40,026 colleges in the country in 2016-17.
II- The challenging goal will fall to the HECI.
III- Reform should, therefore, lead to the creation of an agency that has the intellectual corpus to help universities and colleges adapt.
IV- Not mentioned in the passage
V- Both I and III
Solution: 
II it is given in the passage that challenging goal will fall to the HECI so the centre should give sufficient time to them.

Question no.5

What is the tone of the author in the passage?
I- Argumentative
II- Speculative
III- Provocative
IV- Subjective
V- None of the above
Solution: 
IV as the author is talking about the bills and the reforms so option IV is the correct choice.

Question no. 6

Which of the following represent closest meaning of advocate as mentioned in the passage?
I- Support
II- Exclude
III- Discard
IV- Both II and III
V- Both I and III
Solution:
 I

Question no. 7

Which of the following represent closest meaning of intellectual as mentioned in the passage?
I- Cognitive
II- Rational
III- Ignorant
IV- Both II and III
V- Both I and II
Solution: 
V

Question no. 8

Which of the following represent opposite meaning of contentious as mentioned in the passage?
I- Perverse
II- Factious
III- Agreeable
IV- Both I and II
V- None of the above
Solution: 
III

Question no. 9

Which of the following represent opposite meaning of innovate as mentioned in the passage?
I- Destroy
II- Obliterate
III- Annihilate
IV- Both II and III
V- All of the above
Solution: 
V

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